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  • Silvennoinen, R.; Anttila, P.; Saily, M.; Lundan, T.; Heiskanen, J.; Siitonen, T. M.; Kakko, S.; Putkonen, M.; Ollikainen, H.; Terava, V.; Kutila, A.; Launonen, K.; Rasanen, A.; Sikio, A.; Suominen, M.; Bazia, P.; Kananen, K.; Selander, T.; Kuittinen, T.; Remes, K.; Jantunen, E. (2016)
    The most common means of mobilizing autologous stem cells is G-CSF alone or combined with cyclophosphamide (CY) to obtain sufficient CD34(+) cells for one to two transplants. There are few prospective, randomized studies investigating mobilization regimens in multiple myeloma (MM), especially after lenalidomide-based induction. We designed this prospective, randomized study to compare low-dose CY 2 g/m(2)+G-CSF (arm A) and G-CSF alone (arm B) after lenalidomide-based up-front induction in MM. Of the 80 initially randomized patients, 69 patients were evaluable, 34 and 35 patients in arms A and B, respectively. The primary end point was the proportion of patients achieving a yield of >= 3x10(6)/kg CD34(+) cells with 1 - 2 aphereses, which was achieved in 94% and 77% in arms A and B, respectively (P = 0.084). The median number of aphereses needed to reach the yield of >= 3x10(6)/kg was lower in arm A than in arm B (1 vs 2, P = 0.035). Two patients needed plerixafor in arm A and five patients in arm B (P = 0.428). Although CY-based mobilization was more effective, G-CSF alone was successful in a great majority of patients to reach the defined collection target after three cycles of lenalidomide-based induction.
  • van Gelder, Michel; Ziagkos, Dimitris; de Wreede, Liesbeth; van Biezen, Anja; Dreger, Peter; Gramatzki, Martin; Stelljes, Matthias; Andersen, Niels Smedegaard; Schaap, Nicolaas; Vitek, Antonin; Beelen, Dietrich; Lindstrom, Vesa; Finke, Juergen; Passweg, Jacob; Eder, Matthias; Machaczka, Maciej; Delgado, Julio; Krueger, William; Raida, Ludek; Socie, Gerard; Jindra, Pavel; Afanasyev, Boris; Wagner, Eva; Chalandon, Yves; Henseler, Anja; Schoenland, Stefan; Kroeger, Nicolaus; Schetelig, Johannes; CLL Subcomm Chronic Malignancies W; European Soc Blood Marrow Transpla (2017)
    Patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia with del(17p) or del(11q) have poor long-term prognosis with targeted therapies. Conversely, this retrospective European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation registry study shows that young high cytogenetic risk responsive patients with human leukocyte antigen-matched donors have a high 8-year progression-free survival and low 2-year non-relapse mortality after allogeneic stem cell transplantation. This treatment then may compare favorably with targeted therapies for younger high cytogenetic risk patients. Background: Patients with genetically high-risk relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia have shorter median progression-free survival (PFS) with kinase-and BCL2-inhibitors (KI, BCL2i). Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHCT) may result in sustained PFS, especially in younger patients because of its age-dependent non-relapse mortality (NRM) risk, but outcome data are lacking for this population. Patients and Methods: Risk factors for 2-year NRM and 8-year PFS were identified in patients <50 years in an updated European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation registry cohort (n = 197; median follow-up, 90.4 months) by Cox regression modeling, and predicted probabilities of NRM and PFS of 2 reference patients with favorable or unfavorable characteristics were plotted. Results: Predictors for poor 8-year PFS were no remission at the time of alloHCT (hazard ratio [HR], 1.7; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1-2.5) and partially human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-mismatched unrelated donor (HR, 2.8; 95% CI, 1.5-5.2). The latter variable also predicted a higher risk of 2-year NRM (HR, 4.0; 95% CI, 1.4-11.6) compared with HLA-matched sibling donors. Predicted 2-year NRM and 8-year PFS of a high cytogenetic risk (del(17p) and/or del(11q)) patient in remission with a matched related donor were 12% (95% CI, 3%-22%) and 54% (95% CI, 38%-69%), and for an unresponsive patient with a female partially HLA-matched unrelated donor 37% (95% CI, 12%-62%) and 38% (95% CI, 13%-63%). Conclusion: Low predicted NRM and high 8-year PFS in favorable transplant high cytogenetic risk patients compares favorably with outcomes with KI or BCL2i. Taking into account the amount of uncertainty for predicting survival after alloHCT and after sequential administration of KI and BCL2i, alloHCT remains a valid option for younger patients with high cytogenetic risk chronic lymphocytic leukemia with a well-HLA-matched donor. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Uutela, Pauliina; Passweg, Jakob; Halter, Jorg; Weiger, Roland; Waltimo, Tuomas; Mauramo, Matti (2019)
    Objectives The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of common oral diseases between allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients and healthy controls. Materials and methods A total of 143 adult allogeneic HSCT recipients who were treated for haematological malignancies between 2008 and 2016 were included in the study. The HSCT recipients were age and sex matched with healthy controls. A dental examination was performed on the HSCT recipients prior to HSCT. Differences in stimulated saliva flow rate (SSFR), decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) index, number of teeth, number of caries lesions, and measures of current or previous periodontitis (radiological attachment loss >3 mm or probing pocket depth >= 4 mm) between HSCT recipients and controls were examined. Results Stimulated saliva flow rate, DMFT index and the number of caries lesions were poorer in the HSCT recipients pre-HSCT compared to controls (all P-values
  • Slack, James; Albert, Michael H.; Balashov, Dmitry; Belohradsky, Bernd H.; Bertaina, Alice; Bleesing, Jack; Booth, Claire; Buechner, Jochen; Buckley, Rebecca H.; Ouachee-Chardin, Marie; Deripapa, Elena; Drabko, Katarzyna; Eapen, Mary; Feuchtinger, Tobias; Finocchi, Andrea; Gaspar, H. Bobby; Ghosh, Sujal; Gillio, Alfred; Gonzalez-Granado, Luis I.; Grunebaum, Eyal; Gungor, Tayfun; Heilmann, Carsten; Helminen, Merja; Higuchi, Kohei; Imai, Kohsuke; Kalwak, Krzysztof; Kanazawa, Nubuo; Karasu, Gulsun; Kucuk, Zeynep Y.; Laberko, Alexandra; Lange, Andrzej; Mahlaoui, Nizar; Meisel, Roland; Moshous, D.; Muramatsu, Hideki; Parikh, Suhag; Pasic, Srdjan; Schmid, Irene; Schuetz, Catharina; Schulz, Ansgar; Schultz, Kirk R.; Shaw, Peter J.; Slatter, Mary A.; Sykora, Karl-Walter; Tamura, Shinobu; Taskinen, Mervi; Wawer, Angela; Wolska-Kusnierz, Beata; Cowan, Morton J.; Fischer, Alain; European Soc Blood Marrow; European Soc Immunodeficiencies; Stem Cell Transplant; Ctr Int Blood Marrow; Primary Immunodeficiency Treatment (2018)
    Background: Rare DNA breakage repair disorders predispose to infection and lymphoreticular malignancies. Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is curative, but coadministered chemotherapy or radiotherapy is damaging because of systemic radiosensitivity. We collected HCT outcome data for Nijmegen breakage syndrome, DNA ligase IV deficiency, Cernunnos-XRCC4-like factor (Cernunnos-XLF) deficiency, and ataxia-telangiectasia (AT). Methods: Data from 38 centers worldwide, including indication, donor, conditioning regimen, graft-versus-host disease, and outcome, were analyzed. Conditioning was classified as myeloablative conditioning (MAC) if it contained radiotherapy or alkylators and reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) if no alkylators and/or 150 mg/m(2) fludarabine or less and 40 mg/kg cyclophosphamide or less were used. Results: Fifty-five new, 14 updated, and 18 previously published patients were analyzed. Median age at HCT was 48 months (range, 1.5-552 months). Twenty-nine patients underwent transplantation for infection, 21 had malignancy, 13 had bone marrow failure, 13 received pre-emptive transplantation, 5 had multiple indications, and 6 had no information. Twenty-two received MAC, 59 received RIC, and 4 were infused; information was unavailable for 2 patients. Seventy-three of 77 patients with DNA ligase IV deficiency, Cernunnos-XLF deficiency, or Nijmegen breakage syndrome received conditioning. Survival was 53 (69%) of 77 and was worse for those receiving MAC than for those receiving RIC (P=.006). Most deaths occurred early after transplantation, suggesting poor tolerance of conditioning. Survival in patients with AT was 25%. Forty-one (49%) of 83 patients experienced acute GvHD, which was less frequent in those receiving RIC compared with those receiving MAC (26/56 [46%] vs 12/21 [57%], P=.45). Median follow-up was 35 months (range, 2-168 months). No secondary malignancies were reported during 15 years of follow-up. Growth and developmental delay remained after HCT; immune-mediated complications resolved. Conclusion: RIC HCT resolves DNA repair disorder associated immunodeficiency. Long-term follow-up is required for secondary malignancy surveillance. Routine HCT for AT is not recommended.
  • Canaani, Jonathan; Labopin, Myriam; Itälä-Remes, Maija; Blaise, Didier; Socie, Gerard; Forcade, Edouard; Maertens, Johan; Wu, Depei; Malladi, Ram; Cornelissen, Jan J.; Huynh, Anne; Bourhis, Jean Henri; Esteve, Jordi; Mohty, Mohamad; Nagler, Arnon (2019)
    Baseline cytogenetic studies at diagnosis remain the single most important determinant of outcome in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, the prognostic role of the complete gamut of cytogenetic aberrations in AML patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is currently undefined. In addition, their significance in conjunction with FLT3-ITD status has not been addressed thus far. Using the ALWP/EBMT registry we conducted a retrospective analysis to determine the clinical outcomes of AML patients undergoing allo-HSCT with respect to specific recurring cytogenetic abnormalities complemented with FLT3-ITD status. We analyzed a cohort consisting of 8558 adult AML patients who underwent allo-HSCT from either a matched sibling or a matched unrelated donor. Patients with inv(3)(q21q26)/t(3;3)(q21;q26), del(5q), monosomy 7, chromosome 17p abnormalities, t(10;11)(p11-14;q13-23), t(6;11)(q27;q23), as well as those patients with a monosomal or complex karyotype experienced significantly inferior leukemia-free survival (LFS) compared to patients with a normal karyotype. Trisomy 14, del(9q), and loss of chromosome X were associated with improved LFS rates. A novel prognostic model delineating 5 distinct groups incorporating cytogenetic complexity and FLT3-ITD status was constructed with significant prognostic implications. Our analysis supports the added prognostic significance of FLT3-ITD to baseline cytogenetics in patients undergoing allo-HSCT.