Browsing by Subject "METAL-COMPLEXES"

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  • Weller, Stefan; Schlindwein, Simon H.; Feil, Christoph M.; Kelemen, Zsolt; Buzsaki, Daniel; Nyulaszi, Laszlo; Isenberg, Stefan; Pietschnig, Rudolf; Nieger, Martin; Gudat, Dietrich (2019)
    Reactions of P-chloro-1,3,2-diazaphospha[3]ferrocenophanes with ECl3 (E = Al, Ga) under solvent-free conditions and with Na[Mn(CO)(5)] furnished salts featuring a ferrocenophane-based phosphenium cation and neutral phosphenium complexes, respectively. All products were characterized by spectroscopic studies. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies confirmed the ionic nature of the phosphenium tetrachloroaluminate and the structural analogy between the phosphenium complexes and Fischer-type carbene complexes. Distinct deviations in the conformation of the ansa bridge suggest electronic stabilization of the electrophilic phosphorus atom by phosphorus-nitrogen pi interactions in the free cation and by phosphorus-metal pi bonding in the complexes. The observation of short intermolecular contacts in the crystalline phosphenium salt and its chemical behavior toward donor solvents attest to the cation having an unusually high degree of Lewis acidity, which was confirmed by DFT studies and related to the presence of a rather large N-P-N angle. Computational studies indicate further that the free phosphenium cation exhibits a closed-shell electronic structure with a formal Fe(II) oxidation state and is thus a true analogue to ferrocenophane-based diaminotetrylenes.
  • Freese, Tyll; Lücke, Ana-Luiza; Schmidt, Catharina A. S.; Polamo, Mika; Nieger, Martin; Namyslo, Jan C.; Schmidt, Andreas (2017)
    The sydnone imines Molsidomine and 5-(benzoylimino)-3-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1,2,3-oxadiazolium-2-ide gave anionic N-heterocyclic carbenes on deprotonation at C4 which were trapped as methylated selenium adducts, gold complexes (X-ray analysis) as well as palladium complexes (X-ray analysis). The C-13 NMR resonance frequencies of the carbene carbon atom are extremely shifted upfield and appear at delta = 142.1 ppm (Molsidomine carbene) and delta = 159.8 ppm (sydnone imine carbene). The Pd complexes were applied as catalysts in Suzuki-Miyaura and Sonogashira-Hagihara cross-coupling reactions. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Feil, Christoph M.; Hettich, Thomas D.; Beyer, Katharina; Sondermann, Christina; Schlindwein, Simon H.; Nieger, Martin; Gudat, Dietrich (2019)
    N-Heterocyclic phosphenium (NHP) and nitro-sonium (NO+) ligands are often viewed as isolobal analogues that share the capability to switch between different charge states and thus display redox "noninnocent" behavior. We report here on mixed complexes [(NHP)M(CO)(n)(NO)] (M = Fe, Cr; n = 2, 3), which permit evaluating the donor/acceptor properties of both types of ligands and their interplay in a single complex. The crystalline target compounds were obtained from reactions of N-heterocyclic phosphenium triflates with PPN[Fe(CO)(3)(NO)] or PPN[Cr(CO)(4)-(NO)], respectively, and fully characterized (PPN = nitride-bistriphenylphosphonium cation). The structural and spectroscopic (IR, UV-vis) data support the presence of carbene-analogue NHP ligands with an overall positive charge state and pi-acceptor character. Even if the structural features of the M-NO unit were in all but one product blurred by crystallographic CO/NO disorder, spectroscopic studies and the structural data of the remaining compound suggest that the NO units exhibit nitroxide (NO-) character. This assignment was validated by computational studies, which reveal also that the electronic structure of iron NHP/ NO complexes is closely akin to that of the Hieber anion, [Fe(CO)(3)(NO)](-). The electrophilic character of the NHP units is further reflected in the chemical behavior of the mixed complexes. Cyclic voltammetry and IR-SEC studies revealed that complex [(NHP)Fe(CO)(2) (NO)] (4) undergoes chemically reversible one-electron reduction. Computational studies indicate that the NHP unit in the resulting product carries significant radical character, and the reduction may thus be classified as predominantly ligand-centered. Reaction of 4 with sodium azide proceeded likewise under nucleophilic attack at phosphorus and decomplexation, while super hydride and methyl lithium reacted with all chromium and iron complexes via transfer of a hydride or methyl anion to the NHP unit to afford anionic phosphine complexes. Some of these species were isolated after cation exchange or trapped with electrophiles (H+, SnPh3(+)) to afford neutral complexes representing the products of a formal hydrogenation or hydrostannylation of the original M=P double bond.
  • Liu, Ming; Namyslo, Jan C.; Nieger, Martin; Polamo, Mika; Schmidt, Andreas (2016)
    The mesomeric betaine imidazolium-1-ylphenolate forms a borane adduct with tris(pentafluorophenyl) borane by coordination with the phenolate oxygen, whereas its NHC tautomer 1-(2-phenol) imidazol-2-ylidene reacts with (triphenylphosphine) gold(I) chloride to give the cationic NHC complex [Au(NHC)(2)][Cl] by coordination with the carbene carbon atom. The anionic N-heterocyclic carbene 1-(2-phenolate) imidazol-2-ylidene gives the complexes [K][Au(NHC-)(2)], [Rh(NHC-)(3)] and [Ni(NHC-)(2)], respectively. Results of four single crystal analyses are presented.
  • Bizzarri, Claudia; Arndt, Andreas P.; Kohaut, Stephan; Fink, Karin; Nieger, Martin (2018)
    A mononuclear and two dinuclear heteroleptic Cu(I) complexes have been successfully prepared, using the chelating bis [(2-diphenylphosphino)phenyl] ether (DPEPhos) and pyrid-2'-yl-1H-1,2,3-triazole as chelating ligands. They show good luminescence in solution at room temperature with long-lived excited states. Furthermore, bimolecular quenching experiments of these new complexes with the catalyst Ni(cyclam)Cl-2 encourage the use of such compounds as photosensitizers for the photoreduction of carbon dioxide. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Blum, M.; Puntigam, O.; Plebst, S.; Ehret, F.; Bender, J.; Nieger, M.; Gudat, D. (2016)
    The homolytic P-P bond fission in a series of sterically congested tetraaminodiphosphanes (R2N)(2)P-P-(NR2)(2) ({4}(2)-{9}(2), two of which were newly synthesized and fully characterized) into diaminophosphanyl radicals (R2N)(2)P-center dot (4-9) was monitored by VT EPR spectroscopy. Determination of the radical concentration from the EPR spectra permitted to calculate free dissociation energies Delta G(Diss)(295) as well as dissociation enthalpies Delta H-Diss and entropies Delta S-Diss, respectively. Large positive values of Delta G(Diss)(295) indicate that the degree of dissociation is in most cases low, and the concentration of persistent radicals - even if they are spectroscopically observable at ambient temperature - remains small. Appreciable dissociation was established only for the sterically highly congested acyclic derivative {9}(2). Analysis of the trends in experimental data in connection with DFT studies indicate that radical formation is favoured by large entropy contributions and the energetic effect of structural relaxation (geometrical distortions and conformational changes in acyclic derivatives) in the radicals, and disfavoured by attractive dispersion forces. Comparison of the energetics of formation for CC-saturated N-heterocyclic diphosphanes and the 7 pi-radical 3c indicates that the effect of energetic stabilization by pi-electron delocalization in the latter is visible, but stands back behind those of steric and entropic contributions. Evaluation of spectroscopic and computational data indicates that diaminophosphanyl radicals exhibit, in contrast to aminophosphenium cations, no strong energetic preference for a planar arrangement of the (R2N)(2)P unit.
  • Rong, Mark K.; Chirila, Andrei; Franciolus, David; Lutz, Martin; Nieger, Martin; Ehlers, Andreas W.; Slootweg, J. Chris; Lammertsma, Koop (2019)
    Protic NHC iridium complexes, obtained from the corresponding azido-phenylene-isocyanide precursor complexes, were investigated for ligand-based reactivity. Under redox-neutral conditions, acetonitrile inserts into the N-H bonds to provide kappa(2)-NHC-imidoyl ligand-based complexes, while under reductive conditions the complex also expels one N-H proton to provide the corresponding deprotonated analogues. Using zinc as a reductor activates the NHC-iridium complex to form an asymmetric bimetallic iridium hydrido complex, in which two anionic N-deprotonated NHCs bridge the bimetallic core. X-ray crystal structures are reported for the azido-phenylene-isocyanide precursor complex, the protic NHC complex, and the asymmetric bimetallic iridium hydride complex. Density functional computations and a QTAIM analysis of the bimetallic iridium hydrido complex are provided.
  • Papendick, Marius; Feil, Christoph M.; Nieger, Martin; Gudat, Dietrich (2018)
    Metathesis of Na[Mn(CO)(5)] with N-tBu and N-Mes substituted, electrophilic N-heterocyclic phosphane derivatives afforded in the first case an ionic N-heterocyclic phosphenium (NHP) metalate and in the second case a covalent phosphenium complex. The products were characterized by analytical and spectroscopic data and the NHP complex as well by a single-crystal X-ray diffraction study. A DFT study allows relating the different outcome of the reactions studied with the energetics of the decarbonylation of the appropriate NHP metalates. Closer evaluation reveals steric factors as the key to explaining the observed behavior, and indicates that their impact displays close parallels to NHC chemistry.
  • van den Bos, Eelke D.; Mutikainen, Ilpo; Turpeinen, Urho; van Albada, Gerard A.; Haasnoot, Jaap G.; Reedijk, Jan (2010)
  • Zhang, Jiaxi; Pidlypnyi, Nazar; Nieger, Martin; Namyslo, Jan C.; Schmidt, Andreas (2014)