Browsing by Subject "MOTOR IMAGERY"

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  • Hotta, Jaakko; Saari, Jukka; Koskinen, Miika; Hlushchuk, Yevhen; Forss, Nina; Hari, Riitta (2017)
    Patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) display various abnormalities in central motor function, and their pain is intensified when they perform or just observe motor actions. In this study, we examined the abnormalities of brain responses to action observation in CRPS. We analyzed 3-T functional magnetic resonance images from 13 upper limb CRPS patients (all female, ages 31-58 years) and 13 healthy, age- and sex-matched control subjects. The functional magnetic resonance imaging data were acquired while the subjects viewed brief videos of hand actions shown in the first-person perspective. A pattern-classification analysis was applied to characterize brain areas where the activation pattern differed between CRPS patients and healthy subjects. Brain areas with statistically significant group differences (q <.05, false discovery rate-corrected) included the hand representation area in the sensorimotor cortex, inferior frontal gyrus, secondary somatosensory cortex, inferior parietal lobule, orbitofrontal cortex, and thalamus. Our findings indicate that CRPS impairs action observation by affecting brain areas related to pain processing and motor control. Perspective: This article shows that in CRPS, the observation of others' motor actions induces abnormal neural activity in brain areas essential for sensorimotor functions and pain. These results build the cerebral basis for action-observation impairments in CRPS. (C) 2016 by the American Pain Society
  • Vanhanen, Jukka; Parkkonen, Lauri; Mäkelä, Jyrki P.; Tolmacheva, Alexandra; Shulga, Anastasia; Rodionov, Andrey; Kirveskari, Erika (2022)
    Study design A prospective interventional case series. Objectives To explore changes in the modulation of cortical sensorimotor oscillations after long-term paired associative stimulation (PAS) in participants with spinal cord injury (SCI). Setting BioMag Laboratory, HUS Diagnostic Center, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland. Methods Five patients with chronic incomplete SCI received unilateral spinal PAS to upper limb for 16-22 days. Changes in the modulation of sensorimotor oscillations in response to tactile stimulus and active and imaginary hand movements were assessed with magnetoencephalography recorded before and after the intervention. Results PAS restored the modulation of sensorimotor oscillations in response to active hand movement in four patients, whereas the modulation following tactile stimulation remained unaltered. The observed change was larger in the hemisphere that received PAS and preceded the clinical effect of the intervention. Conclusions Long-term spinal PAS treatment, which enhances the motor functions of SCI patients, also restores the modulation of cortical sensorimotor oscillations.