Browsing by Subject "MULTIPLICITY DEPENDENCE"

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  • Adam, J.; Brucken, E. J.; Chang, B.; Hilden, T. E.; Kim, D. J.; Kral, J.; Mieskolainen, M. M.; Orava, R.; Rak, J.; Räsänen, S. S.; Snellman, T. W.; Trzaska, W. H.; The ALICE collaboration (2016)
    Two-particle angular correlations between trigger particles in the forward pseudorapidity range (2.5 <vertical bar eta vertical bar <4.0) and associated particles in the central range(vertical bar eta vertical bar <1.0) are measured with the ALICE detector in p-Pb collisions at a nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV. The trigger particles are reconstructed using the muon spectrometer, and the associated particles by the central barrel tracking detectors. In high-multiplicity events, the double-ridge structure, previously discovered in two-particle angular correlations at midrapidity, is found to persist to the pseudorapidity ranges studied in this Letter. The second-order Fourier coefficients for muons in high-multiplicity events are extracted after jet-like correlations from low-multiplicity events have been subtracted. The coefficients are found to have a similar transverse momentum(p(T)) dependence in p-going (p-Pb) and Pb-going (Pb-p) configurations, with the Pb-going coefficients larger by about 16 +/- 6%, rather independent of p(T) within the uncertainties of the measurement. The data are compared with calculations using the AMPT model, which predicts a different p(T) and eta dependence than observed in the data. The results are sensitive to the parent particle v(2) and composition of reconstructed muon tracks, where the contribution from heavy flavour decays is expected to dominate at p(T) > 2GeV/c. (C) 2015 CERN for the benefit of the ALICE Collaboration. Published by Elsevier B. V.
  • Adam, J.; Brucken, E. J.; Chang, B.; Kim, D. J.; Litichevskyi, V.; Mieskolainen, M. M.; Orava, R.; Rak, J.; Räsänen, S. S.; Snellman, T. W.; Trzaska, W. H.; Viinikainen, J.; The ALICE collaboration (2017)
    Two-particle angular correlations were measured in pp collisions at root s = 7 TeV for pions, kaons, protons, and lambdas, for all particle/anti-particle combinations in the pair. Data for mesons exhibit an expected peak dominated by effects associated with mini-jets and are well reproduced by general purpose Monte Carlo generators. However, for baryon-baryon and anti-baryon-anti-baryon pairs, where both particles have the same baryon number, a near-side anti-correlation structure is observed instead of a peak. This effect is interpreted in the context of baryon production mechanisms in the fragmentation process. It currently presents a challenge to Monte Carlo models and its origin remains an open question.
  • The ALICE collaboration; Adamová, D.; Brucken, E.J.; Chang, B.; Kim, D.J.; Litichevskyi, V.; Mieskolainen, M.M.; Orava, R.; Rak, J.; Räsänen, S.S.; Saarinen, S.; Slupecki, M.; Snellman, T.W.; Trzaska, W.H.; Vargyas, M.; Viinikainen, J. (2018)
    We report measurements of the inclusive J/psi yield and average transverse momentum as a function of charged-particle pseudorapidity density dNch/d.in p-Pb collisions at root s(NN)= 5.02 TeVwith ALICE at the LHC. The observables are normalised to their corresponding averages in non-single diffractive events. An increase of the normalised J/psi yield with normalised dN(ch)/d(eta), measured at mid-rapidity, is observed at mid-rapidity and backward rapidity. At forward rapidity, a saturation of the relative yield is observed for high charged-particle multiplicities. The normalised average transverse momentum at forward and backward rapidities increases with multiplicity at low multiplicities and saturates beyond moderate multiplicities. In addition, the forward-to-backward nuclear modification factor ratio is also reported, showing an increasing suppression of J/psi production at forward rapidity with respect to backward rapidity for increasing charged-particle multiplicity. (C) 2017 The Author. Published by Elsevier B. V.
  • The ALICE collaboration; Acharya, S.; Adamova, D.; Kim, D. J.; Krizek, F.; Novitzky, Norbert; Onnerstad, B.S.; Parkkila, J. E.; Rak, Jan; Rytkönen, Heidi Maria; Räsänen, Sami; Saarimäki, Oskari Antti Matti; Slupecki, M.; Trzaska, W. H. (2021)
    Deuteron production in high-energy collisions is sensitive to the space-time evolution of the collision system, and is typically described by a coalescence mechanism. For the first time, we present results on jet-associated deuteron production in pp collisions at root s = 13 TeV, providing an opportunity to test the established picture for deuteron production in events with a hard scattering. Using a trigger particle with high transverse-momentum (p(T) > 5 GeV/c) as a proxy for the presence of a jet at midrapidity, we observe a measurable population of deuterons being produced around the jet proxy. The associated deuteron yield measured in a narrow angular range around the trigger particle differs by 2.4-4.8 standard deviations from the uncorrelated background. The data are described by PYTHIA model calculations featuring baryon coalescence. (C) 2021 The Author. Published by Elsevier B.V.
  • The ALICE collaboration; Acharya, S.; Brucken, E. J.; Chang, B.; Kim, D. J.; Litichevskyi, V.; Mieskolainen, M. M.; Orava, R.; Rak, J.; Räsänen, S. S.; Saarinen, S.; Slupecki, M.; Snellman, T. W.; Trzaska, W. H.; Vargyas, M.; Viinikainen, J. (2018)
    Neutral pion and eta meson invariant differential yields were measured in non-single diffractive p-Pb collisions at root S-NN = 5.02 TeV with the ALICE experiment at the CERN LHC. The analysis combines results from three complementary photon measurements, utilizing the PHOS and EMCal calorimeters and the Photon Conversion Method. The invariant differential yields of pi(0) and eta meson inclusive production are measured near mid-rapidity in a broad transverse momentum range of 0.3 < p(T) < 20 GeV/c and 0.7 < p(T) < 20 GeV/c, respectively. The measured eta/pi(0) ratio increases with p(T) and saturates for p(T) > 4 GeV/c at 0.483 +/- 0.015(stat) +/- 0.015(sys). A deviation from m(T) scaling is observed for p(T) < 2 GeV/c. The measured eta/pi(0) ratio is consistent with previous measurements from proton-nucleus and pp collisions over the full pi range. The measured eta/pi(0) ratio at high p(T) also agrees within uncertainties with measurements from nucleus nucleus collisions. The pi(0) and eta yields in p-Pb relative to the scaled pp interpolated reference, R-pPb, are presented for 0.3 < p(T) < 20 GeV/c and 0.7 < p(T) < 20 GeV/c, respectively. The results are compared with theoretical model calculations. The values of R-pPb are consistent with unity for transverse momenta above 2 GeV/c. These results support the interpretation that the suppressed yield of neutral mesons measured in Pb-Pb collisions at LHC energies is due to parton energy loss in the hot QCD medium.
  • Albacete, Javier L.; Arleo, Francois; Barnafoldi, Gergely G.; Biro, Gabor; D'Enterria, David; Ducloue, Bertrand; Eskola, Kari J.; Ferreiro, Elena G.; Gyulassy, Miklos; Harangozo, Szilvester Miklos; Helenius, Ilkka; Kang, Zhong-Bo; Kotko, Piotr; Kulagin, Sergey A.; Kutak, Krzysztof; Lansberg, Jean Philippe; Lappi, Tuomas; Levai, Peter; Lin, Zi-Wei; Ma, Guoyang; Ma, Yan-Qing; Mantysaari, Heikki; Paukkunen, Hannu; Papp, Gabor; Petti, Roberto; Rezaeian, Amir H.; Ru, Peng; Sapeta, Sebastian; Schenke, Bjorn; Schlichting, Soren; Shao, Hua-Sheng; Tribedy, Prithwish; Venugopalan, Raju; Vitev, Ivan; Vogt, Ramona; Wang, Enke; Wang, Xin-Nian; Xing, Hongxi; Xu, Rong; Zhang, Ben-Wei; Zhang, Hong-Fei; Zhang, Wei-Ning (2018)
    Predictions for cold nuclear matter effects on charged hadrons, identified light hadrons, quarkonium and heavy flavor hadrons, Drell-Yan dileptons, jets, photons, gauge bosons and top quark pairs produced in p+Pb collisions at, root S-NN = 8.16 TeV are compiled and, where possible, compared to each other. Predictions of the normalized ratios of p+Pb to p+ p cross sections are also presented for most of the observables, providing new insights into the expected role of cold nuclear matter effects. In particular, the role of nuclear parson distribution functions on particle production can now be probed over a wider range of phase space than ever before. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Acharya, S.; Brucken, E. J.; Chang, B.; Kim, D. J.; Litichevskyi, V.; Mieskolainen, M. M.; Orava, R.; Rak, J.; Räsänen, S. S.; Snellman, T. W.; Trzaska, W. H.; Viinikainen, J.; The ALICE collaboration (2017)
    The production of muons from heavy-flavour hadron decays in p-Pb collisions at root s(NN) = 5.02 TeV was studied for 2 <p(T) <16 GeV/c with the ALICE detector at the CERN LHC. The measurement was performed at forward (p-going direction) and backward (Pb-going direction) rapidity, in the ranges of rapidity in the centre-of-mass system (cms) 2.03 <y(cms) <3.53 and -4.46 <y(cms) <-2.96, respectively. The production cross sections and nuclear modification factors are presented as a function of transverse momentum (P-T). At forward rapidity, the nuclear modification factor is compatible with unity while at backward rapidity, in the interval 2.5 <p(T) <3.5 GeV/c, it is above unity by more than 2 sigma. The ratio of the forward -to -backward production cross sections is also measured in the overlapping interval 2.96 <|y(cms)| <3.53 and is smaller than unity by 3.7 sigma in 2.5 <p(T) <3.5 GeV/c. The data are described by model calculations including cold nuclear matter effects. (C) 2017 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V.
  • Adam, J.; Brucken, E. J.; Chang, B.; Kim, D. J.; Mieskolainen, M. M.; Orava, R.; Rak, J.; Räsänen, S. S.; Snellman, T. W.; Trzaska, W. H.; The ALICE collaboration (2016)
    The pseudorapidity (eta) and transverse-momentum (p(T)) distributions of charged particles produced in proton-proton collisions are measured at the centre-of-mass energy root s = 13 TeV. The pseudorapidity distribution in vertical bar eta vertical bar <1.8 is reported for inelastic events and for events with at least one charged particle in vertical bar eta vertical bar <1. The pseudorapidity density of charged particles produced in the pseudorapidity region vertical bar eta vertical bar <0.5 is 5.31 +/- 0.18 and 6.46 +/- 0.19 for the two event classes, respectively. The transverse-momentum distribution of charged particles is measured in the range 0.15 <p(T) <20 GeV/c and vertical bar eta vertical bar <0.8 for events with at least one charged particle in vertical bar eta vertical bar <1. The evolution of the transverse momentum spectra of charged particles is also investigated as a function of event multiplicity. The results are compared with calculations from PYTHIA and EPOS Monte Carlo generators. (C) 2015 CERN for the benefit of the ALICE Collaboration. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
  • The ALICE collaboration; Acharya, S.; Brücken, E. J.; Chang, B.; Hilden, T. E.; Kim, D. J.; Litichevskyi, V.; Mieskolainen, M. M.; Orava, R.; Rak, J.; Räsänen, S. S.; Saarinen, S.; Slupecki, M.; Snellman, T. W.; Trzaska, W. H.; Vargyas, M.; Viinikainen, J. (2018)
    We report the measured transverse momentum (pT) spectra of primary charged particles from pp, p-Pb and Pb-Pb collisions at a center-of-mass energy p sNN = 5 : 02TeV in the kinematic range of 0 : 15 < pT < 50 GeV/c and jj < 0 : 8. A signi fi cant improvement of systematic uncertainties motivated the reanalysis of data in pp and Pb-Pb collisions at p sNN = 2 : 76TeV, as well as in p-Pb collisions at p sNN = 5 : 02TeV, which is also presented. Spectra from Pb-Pb collisions are presented in nine centrality intervals and are compared to a reference spectrum from pp collisions scaled by the number of binary nucleon-nucleon collisions. For central collisions, the pT spectra are suppressed by more than a factor of 7 around 6-7 GeV/c with a signi fi cant reduction in suppression towards higher momenta up to 30 GeV/c. The nuclear modi fi cation factor RpPb, constructed from the pp and p-Pb spectra measured at the same collision energy, is consistent with unity above 8 GeV/c. While the spectra in both pp and Pb-Pb collisions are substantially harder at p sNN = 5 : 02TeV compared to 2.76TeV, the nuclear modi fi cation factors show no signi fi cant collision energy dependence. The obtained results should provide further constraints on the parton energy loss calculations to determine the transport properties of the hot and dense QCD matter.
  • The ALICE collaboration; Acharya, S.; Adamova, D.; Kim, D. J.; Krizek, F.; Novitzky, Norbert; Onnerstad, B.S.; Parkkila, J. E.; Rak, Jan; Rytkönen, Heidi Maria; Räsänen, Sami; Saarimäki, Oskari Antti Matti; Slupecki, M.; Trzaska, W. H. (2021)
    The production cross section of prompt A(c)(+) charm baryons was measured with the ALICE detector at the LHC at midrapidity in proton-proton (pp) and proton-lead (p-Pb) collisions at a center-of-mass energy per nucleon pair of root sNN = 5.02 TeV. The A(c)(+) and (A) over bar (-)(c)baryons were reconstructed in the hadronic decay channels A(c)(+)-> pK(-)st+ and A(c)(+)-> pK(S)(0) and respective charge conjugates. The measured differential cross sections as a function of transverse momentum (pT) and the pT-integrated A+c production cross section in pp and in p-Pb collisions are presented. The A(c)(+) nuclear modification factor (R-pPb), calculated from the cross sections in pp and in p-Pb collisions, is presented and compared with the R-pPb of D mesons. The A+c /D0 ratio is also presented and compared with the light-flavor baryon-to-meson ratios p/st and A/KS0, and measurements from other LHC experiments. The results are compared to predictions from model calculations and Monte Carlo event generators.
  • The ALICE collaboration; Acharya, S.; Adamova, D.; Kim, D. J.; Krizek, F.; Novitzky, Norbert; Onnerstad, B.S.; Parkkila, J. E.; Rak, Jan; Rytkönen, Heidi Maria; Räsänen, Sami; Saarimäki, Oskari Antti Matti; Slupecki, M.; Trzaska, W. H. (2021)
    The prompt production of the charm baryon Lambda(c+) and the A(c)(+)/D-0 production ratios were measured at midrapidity with the ALICE detector in pp and (p)-Pb collisions at root S-NN = 5.02 TeV. These new measurements show a clear decrease of the Lambda(+)(c)/D-0 ratio with increasing transverse momentum (p(T)) in both collision systems in the range 2 < P-T < 12 GeV/c, exhibiting similarities with the light-flavor baryon-tomeson ratios p/pi and Lambda/K-S(0). At low p(T), predictions that include additional color-reconnection mechanisms beyond the leading-color approximation, assume the existence of additional higher-mass charm-baryon states, or include hadronization via coalescence can describe the data, while predictions driven by charmquark fragmentation processes measured in e(+) e(-) and e(-) p collisions significantly underestimate the data. The results presented in this Letter provide significant evidence that the established assumption of universality (colliding-system independence) of parton-to-hadron fragmentation is not sufficient to describe charm-baryon production in hadronic collisions at LHC energies.