Browsing by Subject "MYCOSIS-FUNGOIDES"

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  • Boonk, Stephanie E.; Zoutman, Willem H.; Marie-Cardine, Anne; van der Fits, Leslie; Out-Luiting, Jacoba J.; Mitchell, Tracey J.; Tosi, Isabella; Morris, Stephen L.; Moriarty, Blaithin; Booken, Nina; Felcht, Moritz; Quaglino, Pietro; Ponti, Renata; Barberio, Emanuela; Ram-Wolff, Caroline; Jantti, Kirsi; Ranki, Annamari; Bernengo, Maria Grazia; Klemke, Claus-Detlev; Bensussan, Armand; Michel, Laurence; Whittaker, Sean; Bagot, Martine; Tensen, Cornelis P.; Willemze, Rein; Vermeer, Maarten H. (2016)
    Differentiation between Sezary syndrome and erythrodermic inflammatory dermatoses can be challenging, and a number of studies have attempted to identify characteristic immunophenotypic changes and molecular biomarkers in Sezary cells that could be useful as additional diagnostic criteria. In this European multicenter study, the sensitivity and specificity of these immunophenotypic and recently proposed but unconfirmed molecular biomarkers in Sezary syndrome were investigated. Peripheral blood CD4(+) T cells from 59 patients with Sezary syndrome and 19 patients with erythrodermic inflammatory dermatoses were analyzed for cell surface proteins by flow cytometry and for copy number alterations and differential gene expression using custom-made quantitative PCR plates. Experiments were performed in duplicate in two independent centers using standard operating procedures with almost identical results. Sezary cells showed MYC gain (40%) and MNT loss (66%); up-regulation of DNM3 (75%), TWIST1 (69%), EPHA4 (66%), and PLS3 (66%); and down-regulation of STAT4 (91%). Loss of CD26 (>= 80% CD4(+) T cells) and/or CD7 (>= 40% CD4(+) T cells) and combination of altered expression of STAT4, TWIST1, and DNM3 or PLS3 could distinguish, respectively, 83% and 98% of patients with Sezary syndrome from patients with erythrodermic inflammatory dermatoses with 100% specificity. These additional diagnostic panels will be useful adjuncts in the differential diagnosis of Sezary syndrome versus erythrodermic inflammatory dermatoses.
  • Maliniemi, Pilvi; Vincendeau, Michelle; Mayer, Jens; Frank, Oliver; Hahtola, Sonja; Karenko, Leena; Carlsson, Emilia; Mallet, Francois; Seifarth, Wolfgang; Leib-Moesch, Christine; Ranki, Annamari (2013)
  • Vakeva, Liisa; Lipsanen, Tuomas; Sintonen, Harri; Ranki, Annamari (2017)
    Cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCL), especially mycosis fungoides, can be considered as a state of longstanding low-grade systemic inflammation. Many studies have focused on secondary cancers with CTCL, but information about comorbidities is limited. A total of 144 patients with CTCL at Helsinki University Central Hospital during 2005 to 2015 were studied to determine associated comorbidities and causes of death in this cohort. Compared with an age-standardized control population, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus was increased among patients with CTCL with no link to obesity. Patients with CTCL had a lower prevalence of hypertension, myocardial infarction and stroke than the control group. The 3 most common causes of death were CTCL, coronary artery disease and lung cancer. The increased risk of myocardial infarction or stroke reported previously was not detected in this patient group.
  • Nedoszytko, Boguslaw; Wierzbicki, Piotr; Karenko, Leena; Maciejewska-Radomska, Agata; Stachewicz, Przemyslaw; Zablotna, Monika; Glen, Jolanta; Vakeva, Liisa; Nowicki, Roman J.; Sokolowska-Wojdylo, Malgorzata (2018)
    Introduction: Microbial infection and associated super antigens have been implicated in the pathogenesis of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL), and many patients die from complicating bacterial infections. It has been postulated that Chlamydophila pneumoniae (C. pneumoniae) infection may be involved in the pathogenesis of Mycosis fungoides (MF) but published data are limited and controversial. Aim: To analyze the frequency of (C. pneumoniae) DNA presence in blood samples of lymphoma cases. Material and methods: Using Q-PCR method we analyzed the presence of DNA in the blood samples obtained from 57 patients with CTCL (55 - mycosis fungoides (MF)/Sezary syndrome (SS), one primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma (CD30+) and one NKT cell lymphoma) and 3 patients with cutaneous B-cell lymphomas, and 120 individuals from control groups (40 patients with psoriasis, 40 patients with atopic dermatitis and 40 healthy controls). Results: Chlamydophila pneumoniae DNA was identified in 13 of 55 cases in the MF/SS group (23.6%), in 1 patient with CD30+ large cell lymphoma and in 1 of 3 patients with B-cell lymphoma. The presence of C. pneumoniae was confirmed in 1 of 40 psoriatic patients (2.5%), in 5 of 40 patients with atopic dermatitis (12.5%) and in none of 40 healthy individuals. Presence of C. pneumoniae DNA in MF patients was strongly associated with disease progression; rs = 0.756; p = 0.0123 for groups IA -> IVB, and was noted more frequently in advanced (III + IV) stages than in early (I-II) stages (p = 0.0139). There are no differences in the mean age of MF/SS patients with and without infection. Conclusions: The presence of C. pneumoniae DNA in the blood cells is a frequent event in late stages of MF/SS and may be explained by Th2 shift and suppression of the immune system during the course of the disease.
  • Väkevä, Liisa; Ranki, Annamari; Hahtola, Sonja (2012)