Browsing by Subject "Multi-frequency radar Doppler spectra"

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  • Li, Haoran; Moisseev, Dmitri (2019)
    Abstract The melting layer of precipitation has a major impact on remote sensing and telecommunications. However, there is a shortage of observational studies to validate and constrain the melting layer models especially for high-frequency radar bands. In this paper, we report how multifrequency radar Doppler spectra can be used to retrieve the melting layer attenuation at Ka- and W-bands. The presented analysis is based on identifying Rayleigh scattering regions in radar Doppler spectra measurements where dual-wavelength spectral ratios can be related to differential attenuation. We show that the estimated attenuation at Ka- and W-bands agrees reasonably well with previously reported studies, but there are indications of differences at higher rain rates. We advocate that this technique can be applied to long-term observations to advance our knowledge of the melting process. The parameterizations of melting layer attenuation as a function of rain rate and radar reflectivity are also presented.