Browsing by Subject "Multimorbidity"

Sort by: Order: Results:

Now showing items 1-4 of 4
  • Viljanen, Anna; Salminen, Marika; Irjala, Kerttu; Heikkilä, Elisa; Isoaho, Raimo; Kivelä, Sirkka-Liisa; Korhonen, Päivi; Vahlberg, Tero; Viitanen, Matti; Wuorela, Maarit; Löppönen, Minna; Viikari, Laura (2021)
    Key summary pointsAim The aim of the study is to assess the association of chronic conditions and multimorbidity with institutionalization in older people. Findings Having dementia, mood or neurological disorder and/or five or more chronic conditions were associated with a higher risk of institutionalization. Message These risk factors should be recognized in primary care when providing and targeting care and support for home-dwelling older people. Purpose The ageing population is increasingly multimorbid. This challenges health care and elderly services as multimorbidity is associated with institutionalization. Especially dementia increases with age and is the main risk factor for institutionalization. The aim of this study was to assess the association of chronic conditions and multimorbidity with institutionalization in home-dwelling older people, with and without dementia. Methods In this prospective study with 18-year follow-up, the data on participants' chronic conditions were gathered at the baseline examination, and of conditions acquired during the follow-up period from the municipality's electronic patient record system and national registers. Only participants institutionalized or deceased by the end of the follow-up period were included in this study. Different cut-off-points for multimorbidity were analyzed. Cox regression model was used in the analyses. Death was used as a competing factor. Results The mean age of the participants (n = 820) was 74.7 years (64.0-97.0). During the follow-up, 328 (40%) were institutionalized. Dementia, mood disorders, neurological disorders, and multimorbidity defined as five or more chronic conditions were associated with a higher risk of institutionalization in all the participants. In people without dementia, mood disorders and neurological disorders increased the risk of institutionalization. Conclusion Having dementia, mood or neurological disorder and/or five or more chronic conditions were associated with a higher risk of institutionalization. These risk factors should be recognized when providing and targeting care and support for older people still living at home.
  • Andersen, Heidi; Kankaanranta, Hannu; Tuomisto, Leena E.; Piirilä, Päivi; Sovijärvi, Anssi; Langhammer, Arnulf; Backman, Helena; Lundbäck, Bo; Rönmark, Eva; Lehtimäki, Lauri; Ilmarinen, Pinja (2021)
    Multimorbidity is an emerging public health priority. This study aims to assess the role of lifestyle and socioeconomic status in the prevalence of multimorbidity and chronic diseases by using two language groups that are part of the same genetic subgroup but differ by daily habits. We conducted a cross-sectional survey in 2016 with randomly selected population sample with 4173 responders (52.3%) aged 20-69 years in Western Finland. We included 3864 Finnish participants with Swedish (28.1%) or Finnish (71.9%) as a native language. We used a questionnaire to assess participants' chronic diseases and lifestyle. We determined multimorbidity as a disease count >= 2. Finnish speakers were more likely to have a diagnosis of COPD, heart failure, diabetes, reflux disease, chronic kidney failure, and painful conditions than Swedish speakers. The prevalence of multimorbidity was higher for Finnish speakers in the age group of 60-69 years (41.0% vs. 32.0%, p = 0.018) than Swedish speakers. A higher proportion of Finnish speakers smoked, were obese, inactive, and had lower socioeconomic status compared to Swedish speakers. All these factors, in addition to age and female sex, were significant risk factors for multimorbidity. Prevalence of multimorbidity was different in two language groups living in the same area and was associated with differences in lifestyle factors such as smoking, physical inactivity and obesity.
  • Strandberg, Timo E.; Lindström, Linda; Jyväkorpi, Satu; Urtamo, Annele; Pitkälä, Kaisu H.; Kivimäki, Mika (2021)
    Purpose Multimorbidity, prefrailty, and frailty are frequent in ageing populations, but their independent relationships to long-term prognosis in home-dwelling older people are not well recognised. Methods In the Helsinki Businessmen Study (HBS) men with high socioeconomic status (born 1919-1934, n = 3490) have been followed-up from midlife. In 2000, multimorbidity (>= 2 conditions), phenotypic prefrailty and frailty were determined in 1365 home-dwelling men with median age of 73 years). Disability was assessed as a possible confounder. 18-year mortality follow-up was established from registers and Cox regression used for analyses. Results Of the men, 433 (31.7%) were nonfrail and without multimorbidity at baseline (reference group), 500 (36.6%) and 82 (6.0%) men had prefrailty or frailty, respectively, without multimorbidity, 84 (6.2%) men had multimorbidity only, and 201 (14.7%) and 65 (4.8%) men had prefrailty or frailty together with multimorbidity. Only 30 (2.2%) and 86 (6.3%) showed signs of ADL or mobility disability. In the fully adjusted analyses (including ADL disability, mental and cognitive status) of 18-year mortality, frailty without multimorbidity (hazard ratio 1.62, 95% confidence interval 1.13-2.31) was associated with similar mortality risk than multimorbidity without frailty (1.55, 1.17-2.06). The presence of both frailty and multimorbidity indicated a strong mortality risk (2.93, 2.10-4.07). Conclusion Although multimorbidity is generally considered a substantial health problem, our long-term observational study emphasises that phenotypic frailty alone, independently of disability, may be associated with a similar risk, and a combination of multimorbidity and frailty is an especially strong predictor of mortality. Key summary pointsObjective Multimorbidity, phenotypic prefrailty and frailty are frequent in ageing populations Findings This long-term follow-up of home-dwelling older men reveals the relationship of phenotypic frailty to long-term prognosis, independently of the presence of significant chronic diseases and disability. Message Assessment of phenotypic frailty and already prefrailty provides extra clinical value for the assessment of prognosis in old age.
  • Lehti, T. E.; Öhman, H.; Knuutila, M.; Kautiainen, H.; Karppinen, H.; Tilvis, R.; Strandberg, T.; Pitkälä, K. H. (2021)
    Background Changes in older people's symptoms across recent decades have not been investigated. Aims We analyzed temporal trends in symptom burden by comparing data from independent, cross-sectional cohorts retrieved in 1989, 1999, 2009, and 2019. Furthermore, we compared the association between symptom burden and psychological wellbeing (PWB) in older men and women. Methods The Helsinki Aging Study recruited a random sample of people aged 75, 80, and 85 in 1989, and random samples aged 75, 80, 85, 90, and 95 in 1999, 2009, and 2019 (four study waves). Altogether, 6263 community-dwelling people answered the questions concerning symptoms in the questionnaire surveys. The symptoms inquired in all study waves were dizziness, back pain, joint pain, chest pain, shortness of breath, and loss of appetite. Symptom burden was calculated according to the number of symptoms and their frequency (score range: 0-6). PWB and the Charlson comorbidity index were calculated. Results Symptom burden decreased in both men and women aged 75 and 80 from 1989 to 2019. Changes in cohorts aged 85 + were nonsignificant. There was a significant difference in symptom burden between men and women in all ages with men having fewer symptoms. PWB decreased with increasing symptom burden. Men had greater PWB than women up to severe levels of symptom burden. Conclusions Symptom burden decreased from 1989 to 2019 in cohorts aged 75-80, whereas changes remained nonsignificant in cohorts aged 85 +. To our knowledge, this is the first study to examine temporal trends in symptom burden.