Browsing by Subject "Myeloperoxidase"

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  • Peltonen, Reetta; Hagström, Jaana; Tervahartiala, Taina; Sorsa, Timo; Haglund, Caj; Isoniemi, Helena (2021)
    Introduction: The liver metastases of colorectal cancer (CRC) can be surgically treated in selected cases, with continuously improving results. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) contribute to cancer invasion by degrading the extracellular matrix, and elevated levels of MMP-2, MMP-8, and MMP-9 have been detected in several malignancies. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a mediator of tissue damage that can oxidatively activate latent MMPs. We evaluated the prognostic value of MMP-2, MMP-8, and MMP-9 in tissue samples of primary tumors and liver metastases and the pre- and postoperative serum levels of MMP-8, MMP-9, and MPO in CRC patients undergoing liver resection. Methods: Tissue and serum samples were obtained from 111 patients who had primary colorectal tumors and their liver metastases surgically treated at the Helsinki University Hospital between 1988 and 2007. Tissue expression of MMP-2, MMP-8, and MMP-9 in primary tumors and liver metastases was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Pre- and postoperative serum concentrations of MMP-8, MMP-9, and MPO were determined using a time-resolved immunofluorometric assay or commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits. Clinical data were retrieved from patient records and the Central Statistical Office of Finland. Associations with disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were estimated using Cox regression analysis and the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: High expression of MMP-9 in colorectal tumor tissue was associated with better DFS (p = 0.010), and high preoperative MPO in serum with improved DFS and OS (p < 0.001 and p = 0.014, respectively). The prognostic significance varied according to gender, age, and the synchronicity of liver metastases. Conclusion: Low preoperative MPO in serum might identify patients at high risk of recurrence and death after resection of colorectal liver metastases. Elevated preoperative MPO and high expression of MMP-9 in colorectal tumor tissue indicate an improved prognosis. The use of these biomarkers should be adjusted according to clinical characteristics.
  • Pussinen, Pirkko J.; Malle, Ernst; Sattler, Wolfgang (2018)
  • Ollikainen, Eliisa; Tulamo, Riikka; Lehti, Satu; Hernesniemi, Juha; Niemelä, Mika; Kovanen, Petri T.; Frösen, Juhana (2018)
    Rupture of a saccular intracranial aneurysm (sIA) is often fatal. Thus, early detection of rupture-prone sIAs is vital. Myeloperoxidase (MPO), derived mainly from neutrophils, associates with sIA rupture, and therefore its role in sIA pathogenesis warrants further studies. We analyzed MPO and its association with other histological markers in 36 (16 unruptured and 20 ruptured) sIA samples by immunohistochemistry. MPO was present in all studied sIAs, and its expression associated with wall inflammatory cell infiltrations (r = 0.50, 0.63, and 0.75, all p <0.002), degenerative remodeling (p = 0.002) and rupture (p = 0.003). MPO associated strongly with the presence of organized luminal thrombi (p <0.001), which also stained positive for MPO. Polymorphonuclear MPO+ cells were detected in the sIA walls, indicating neutrophils as MPO-source. MPO correlated strongly with accumulation of oxidized lipids (r = 0.67, p <0.001) and loss of smooth muscle cells (r = -0.68, p <0.001), suggesting that MPO is a relevant source of oxidative stress leading to cell death in the sIA wall. Furthermore, MPO associated with erythrocyte fragmentation (r = 0.74, p <0.001) and iron deposition (p = 0.041), 2 outcomes known to amplify MPO-dependent oxidative stress. Taken together, these results suggest that MPO associates with degenerative remodeling predisposing to sIA wall rupture and may serve as a biomarker of a rupture-prone sIA wall.
  • Hanifeh, Mohsen; Sankari, Satu; Rajamäki, Minna M.; Syrjä, Pernilla; Kilpinen, Susanne; Suchodolski, Jan S.; Heilmann, Romy M.; Guadiano, Phillip; Lidbury, Jonathan; Steiner, Joerg M.; Spillmann, Thomas (2018)
    Background: Intestinal mucosal S100A12 and myeloperoxidase (MPO) are inflammatory biomarkers in humans with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, these biomarkers have not been studied in the intestinal mucosa of dogs with chronic enteropathies (CE), even though dogs with CE have increased S100A12 concentrations in feces and serum. This study investigated mucosal S100A12 concentrations and MPO activities in both dogs with CE and healthy Beagles. ELISA (S100A12 concentrations) and spectrophotometric methods (MPO activity) were used. The associations of both biomarkers with canine IBD activity index (CIBDAI), histopathologic findings, clinical outcome, and serum albumin concentrations were also investigated. We studied intestinal mucosal samples originating from different intestinal regions of 40 dogs with CE and 18 healthy Beagle dogs (duodenum, ileum, colon, and cecum). Results: Compared with healthy Beagles, mucosal S100A12 concentrations in dogs with CE were significantly higher in the duodenum (p <0.0001) and colon (p = 0.0011), but not in the ileum (p = 0.2725) and cecum (p = 0. 2194). Mucosal MPO activity of dogs with CE was significantly higher in the duodenum (p <0.0001), ileum (p = 0. 0083), colon (p <0.0001), and cecum (p = 0.0474). Mucosal S100A12 concentrations in the duodenum were significantly higher if the inflammatory infiltrate consisted mainly of neutrophils (p = 0.0439) or macrophages (p = 0.037). Mucosal S100A12 concentrations also showed a significant association with the severity of total histopathological injury and epithelial injury in the colon (p <0.05). Mucosal MPO activity showed a significant association (p <0.05) with the severity of total histopathological injury, epithelial injury, and eosinophil infiltration in the duodenum. There was no significant association of both biomarkers with CIBDAI or clinical outcome. Conclusions: This study showed that both mucosal S100A12 concentrations and MPO activities are significantly increased in the duodenum and colon of dogs with CE; mucosal MPO was also increased in the ileum and cecum. Future research should focus on assessing the clinical utility of S100A12 and MPO as diagnostic markers in dogs with CE.
  • Hanifeh, Mohsen; Sankari, Satu; Rajamäki, Minna M.; Syrjä, Pernilla; Kilpinen, Susanne; Suchodolski, Jan S; Heilmann, Romy M; Guadiano, Phillip; Lidbury, Jonathan; Steiner, Jörg M; Spillmann, Thomas (BioMed Central, 2018)
    Abstract Background Intestinal mucosal S100A12 and myeloperoxidase (MPO) are inflammatory biomarkers in humans with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, these biomarkers have not been studied in the intestinal mucosa of dogs with chronic enteropathies (CE), even though dogs with CE have increased S100A12 concentrations in feces and serum. This study investigated mucosal S100A12 concentrations and MPO activities in both dogs with CE and healthy Beagles. ELISA (S100A12 concentrations) and spectrophotometric methods (MPO activity) were used. The associations of both biomarkers with canine IBD activity index (CIBDAI), histopathologic findings, clinical outcome, and serum albumin concentrations were also investigated. We studied intestinal mucosal samples originating from different intestinal regions of 40 dogs with CE and 18 healthy Beagle dogs (duodenum, ileum, colon, and cecum). Results Compared with healthy Beagles, mucosal S100A12 concentrations in dogs with CE were significantly higher in the duodenum (p < 0.0001) and colon (p = 0.0011), but not in the ileum (p = 0.2725) and cecum (p = 0.2194). Mucosal MPO activity of dogs with CE was significantly higher in the duodenum (p < 0.0001), ileum (p = 0.0083), colon (p < 0.0001), and cecum (p = 0.0474). Mucosal S100A12 concentrations in the duodenum were significantly higher if the inflammatory infiltrate consisted mainly of neutrophils (p = 0.0439) or macrophages (p = 0.037). Mucosal S100A12 concentrations also showed a significant association with the severity of total histopathological injury and epithelial injury in the colon (p < 0.05). Mucosal MPO activity showed a significant association (p < 0.05) with the severity of total histopathological injury, epithelial injury, and eosinophil infiltration in the duodenum. There was no significant association of both biomarkers with CIBDAI or clinical outcome. Conclusions This study showed that both mucosal S100A12 concentrations and MPO activities are significantly increased in the duodenum and colon of dogs with CE; mucosal MPO was also increased in the ileum and cecum. Future research should focus on assessing the clinical utility of S100A12 and MPO as diagnostic markers in dogs with CE.
  • Hanifeh, Mohsen; Heilmann, Romy M.; Sankari, Satu; Rajamäki, Minna M.; Mäkitalo, Laura; Syrjä, Pernilla; Kilpinen, Susanne; Suchodolski, Jan S.; Steiner, Jörg M.; Spillmann, Thomas (2015)
    Background: Relatively few laboratory markers have been evaluated for the detection or monitoring of intestinal inflammation in canine chronic enteropathies, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Previous research found that the intestinal mucosal levels of S100A12 and myeloperoxidase (MPO), as biomarkers of gut inflammation, were elevated in human patients with IBD. To date, the S100A12 and MPO levels in intestinal mucosal samples from either healthy dogs or from dogs suffering from IBD remain unreported. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the mucosal S100A12 and MPO levels in four different parts of the intestine (duodenum, jejunum, ileum and colon) in 12 healthy laboratory Beagle dogs using the ELISA and spectrophotometric methods, respectively. Results: Based on histological examinations, the recorded findings for all the samples were considered normal. The mucosal concentration of S100A12 in the ileum was significantly higher than in all other segments of the intestine (p <0.05). MPO activity was significantly higher in the ileal, jejunal and duodenal than in colonic mucosal samples (p <0.05). Moreover, its concentration was higher in the jejunum than in the duodenum. Conclusions: This study showed that S100A12 and MPO are reliably detectable in canine intestinal mucosa. The assays used appeared to be sufficient to further evaluate the role of S100A12 and MPO in the pathogenesis of canine chronic enteropathies, including IBD. These biomarkers may play a role in the initial detection of gut inflammation suggesting the need for further investigations to confirm IBD or to differentiate between IBD subtypes. Understanding the role of S100A12 and MPO in the pathogenesis of chronic intestinal inflammation in future may result in an improved understanding of canine chronic intestinal inflammation.