Browsing by Subject "NEBULIN"

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  • Moreau-Le Lan, Sarah; Aller, Elena; Calabria, Ines; Gonzalez-Tarancon, Lola; Cardona-Gay, Cristina; Martinez-Matilla, Marina; Aparisi, Maria J.; Selles, Jorge; Sagath, Lydia; Pitarch, Inmaculada; Muelas, Nuria; Cervera, Jose V.; Millan, Jose M.; Pedrola, Laia (2018)
    Nemaline Myopathy (NM) is a rare genetic disorder that encompasses a large spectrum of myopathies characterized by hypotonia and generalized muscle weakness. To date, mutations in thirteen different genes have been associated with NM. The most frequently responsible genes are NEB (50% of cases) and ACTA1 (15-25% of cases). In this report all known NM related genes were screened by Next Generation Sequencing in five Spanish patients in order to genetically confirm the clinical and histological diagnosis of NM. Four mutations in NEB (c.17779_17780delTA, c.11086A>C, c.21076C>T and c.2310+5G>A) and one mutation in ACTA1 (c.871A>T) were found in four patients. Three of the four mutations in NEB were novel. A cDNA sequencing assay of the nove/variants c.17779_17780delTA, c.11086A>C and c.2310+5G>A revealed that the intronic variant c.2310+5G>A affected the splicing process. Mutations reported here could help clinicians and geneticists in NM diagnosis.
  • Savarese, Marco; Jonson, Per Harald; Huovinen, Sanna; Paulin, Lars; Auvinen, Petri; Udd, Bjarne; Hackman, Peter (2018)
    Background: Mutations in the titin gene (TTN) cause a large spectrum of diseases affecting skeletal and/or cardiac muscle. TTN includes 363 coding exons, a repeated region with a high degree of complexity, isoform-specific elements, and metatranscript-only exons thought to be expressed only during fetal development. Although three main classes of isoforms have been described so far, alternative splicing events (ASEs) in different tissues or in different developmental and physiological states have been reported. Methods: To achieve a comprehensive view of titin ASEs in adult human skeletal muscles, we performed a RNA-Sequencing experiment on 42 human biopsies collected from 12 anatomically different skeletal muscles of 11 individuals without any skeletal-muscle disorders. Results: We confirmed that the skeletal muscle N2A isoforms are highly prevalent, but we found an elevated number of alternative splicing events, some at a very high level. These include previously unknown exon skipping events and alternative 5' and 3' splice sites. Our data suggests the partial inclusion in the TTN transcript of some metatranscript-only exons and the partial exclusion of canonical N2A exons. Conclusions: This study provides an extensive picture of the complex TTN splicing pattern in human adult skeletal muscle, which is crucial for a proper clinical interpretation of TTN variants.