Browsing by Subject "NON-HODGKINS-LYMPHOMA"

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  • Vähämurto, Pauli; Mannisto, Susanna; Pollari, Marjukka; Karjalainen-Lindsberg, Marja-Liisa; Mäkitie, Antti A.; Leppä, Sirpa (2019)
    Purpose Sinonasal tract diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (SNT-DLBCL), a rare extranodal lymphoma, is not well characterized. We performed a population-based study to determine cell-of-origin, clinical presentation and impact of rituximab (R) and central nervous system (CNS) directed chemotherapy on survival. Patients and methods Patients with SNT-DLBCL were identified from pathology databases. Clinical information was collected and outcomes between different treatment modalities evaluated. Results Thirty-two percent of the patients had germinal centre B-cell phenotype. Forty-six patients were treated with curative intent using CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone) or CHOP-like chemotherapy, 21 (46%) before and 25 (54%) in the R-era. Additionally, 24 (52%) received CNS-directed chemotherapy. Addition of R to chemotherapy reduced the risk of progression (RR = 0.368, 95% CI 0.138-0.976, P = 0.045) and death (RR = 0.245, 95% CI 0.068-0.883, P = 0.032), and translated into better survival (5-year PFS, 67% vs 38%, P = 0.037; 5-year OS, 81% vs 48%, P = 0.020). CNS-directed chemotherapy reduced the risk of progression (RR = 0.404, 95% CI 0.159-1.029, P = 0.057) and death (RR = 0.298, 95% CI 0.093-0.950, P = 0.041), and translated into favorable survival (5-year PFS, 67% vs 32%, P = 0.050; 5-year OS 82% vs 43%, P = 0.030). Conclusion Patients with SNT-DLBCL benefit from rituximab and CNS-directed chemotherapy.
  • Vähämurto, Pauli; Silventoinen, Kaija; Vento, Seija; Karjalainen-Lindsberg, Marja-Liisa; Haapaniemi, Aaro; Back, Leif; Mannisto, Susanna; Leppa, Sirpa; Makitie, Antti A. (2016)
    Sinonasally located lymphoid malignancies are rare lesions with first symptoms similar to other obstructive conditions. Additionally, they often coexist with nasal inflammation and mucosal necrosis. Therefore, time from the first symptoms to diagnosis tends to be long. Awareness and early diagnosis of this disease entity could improve treatment outcome. Altogether, 142 patients with sinonasal or nasopharyngeal (i.e. sinonasal tract, SNT) lymphoid malignancies, diagnosed and treated at the Helsinki University Hospital, during a 39-year period from 1975 to 2013, were retrospectively reviewed. There were 90 males (63 %) and 52 females (37 %) with a median age of 64 years (range 26-92). Eighty-four percent of the patients had primary diseases and 16 % had relapses of lymphoid malignancies primarily diagnosed at other locations. The mean duration of symptoms prior to diagnosis was 4.8 months (range 0.5-24). The most common histological entity was diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (43 %), followed by plasmacytoma (18 %). The most common location was nasopharynx (58 %) followed by nasal cavity (44 %) and paranasal sinuses (35 %). Sixty-nine percent of the lesions were at a single anatomic location of the sinonasal tract. Fifty-two percent of the cases were of Ann Arbor Stage I. Lymphoid malignancies form an important and diverse group in the differential diagnosis of SNT tumours. They most often present with general obstructive nasal symptoms due to tumour location. Most of them are primary lesions, highlighting the importance of an accurate diagnosis as early as possible.
  • Kuitunen, Hanne; Kaprio, Elina; Karihtala, Peeter; Makkonen, Ville; Kauppila, Saila; Haapasaari, Kirsi-Maria; Kuusisto, Milla; Jantunen, Esa; Turpeenniemi-Hujanen, Taina; Kuittinen, Outi (2020)
    Although overall survival in diffuse large B cell lymphomas (DLBCL) has improved, central nervous system (CNS) relapse is still a fatal complication of DLBCL. For this reason, CNS prophylaxis is recommended for patients at high risk of CNS disease. However, no consensus exists on definition of high-risk patient and optimal CNS prophylaxis. Systemic high-dose methotrexate in combination with R-CHOP has been suggested as a potential prophylactic method, since methotrexate penetrates the blood-brain barrier and achieves high concentration in the CNS. In this retrospective analysis, we report treatment outcome of 95 high-risk DLBCL/FL grade 3B patients treated with R-CHOP or its derivatives with (N = 57) or without (N = 38) CNS prophylaxis. At a median follow-up time (51 months), CNS relapses were detected in twelve patients (12.6%). Ten out of twelve (83%) of CNS events were confined to CNS system only. Median overall survival after CNS relapse was 9 months. Five-year isolated CNS relapse rates were 5% in the prophylaxis group and 26% in the group without prophylaxis. These findings suggest that high-dose methotrexate-containing prophylaxis decreases the risk of CNS failure.
  • Bachy, Emmanuel; Seymour, John F.; Feugier, Pierre; Offner, Fritz; Lopez-Guillermo, Armando; Belada, David; Xerri, Luc; Catalano, John V.; Brice, Pauline; Lemonnier, Francois; Martin, Alejandro; Casasnovas, Olivier; Pedersen, Lars M.; Dorvaux, Veronique; Simpson, David; Leppä, Sirpa; Gabarre, Jean; da Silva, Maria G.; Glaisner, Sylvie; Ysebaert, Loic; Vekhoff, Anne; Intragumtornchai, Tanin; Le Gouill, Steven; Lister, Andrew; Estell, Jane A.; Milone, Gustavo; Sonet, Anne; Farhi, Jonathan; Zeuner, Harald; Tilly, Herve; Salles, Gilles (2019)
    PURPOSE The PRIMA study ( identifier: NCT00140582) established that 2 years of rituximab maintenance after first-line immunochemotherapy significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with follicular lymphoma compared with observation. Here, we report the final PFS and overall survival (OS) results from the PRIMA study after 9 years of follow-up and provide a final overview of safety. METHODS Patients (> 18 years of age) with previously untreated high-tumor-burden follicular lymphoma were nonrandomly assigned to receive one of three immunochemotherapy induction regimens. Responding patients were randomly assigned (stratified by induction regimen, response to induction treatment, treatment center, and geographic region) 1:1 to receive 2 years of rituximab maintenance (375 mg/m(2), once every 8 weeks), starting 8 weeks after the last induction treatment, or observation (no additional treatment). All patients in the extended follow-up provided their written informed consent (data cutoff: December 31, 2016). RESULTS In total, 1,018 patients completed induction treatment and were randomly assigned to rituximab maintenance (n = 505) or observation (n = 513). Consent for the extended follow-up was provided by 607 patients (59.6%) of 1,018 (rituximab maintenance, n = 309; observation, n = 298). After data cutoff, median PFS was 10.5 years in the rituximab maintenance arm compared with 4.1 years in the observation arm (hazard ratio, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.52 to 0.73; P <.001). No OS difference was seen in patients randomly assigned to rituximab maintenance or observation (hazard ratio, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.77 to 1.40; P = .7948); 10-year OS estimates were approximately 80% in both study arms. No new safety signals were observed. CONCLUSION Rituximab maintenance after induction immunochemotherapy provides a significant long-term PFS, but not OS, benefit over observation.
  • Pollari, Marjukka; Leivonen, Suvi-Katri; Leppä, Sirpa (2021)
    Simple Summary Testicular diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (T-DLBCL) is a rare and aggressive lymphoma entity that mainly affects elderly men. It has a high relapse rate with especially the relapses of the central nervous system associating with dismal outcome. T-DLBCL has a unique biology with distinct genetic characteristics and clinical presentation, and the increasing knowledge on the tumor microenvironment of T-DLBCL highlights the significance of the host immunity and immune escape in this rare lymphoma, presenting in an immune-privileged site of the testis. This review provides an update on the latest progress made in T-DLBCL research and summarizes the clinical perspectives in T-DLBCL. Primary testicular lymphoma is a rare lymphoma entity, yet it is the most common testicular malignancy among elderly men. The majority of the cases represent non-germinal center B-cell-like (non-GCB) diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) with aggressive clinical behavior and a relatively high relapse rate. Due to the rareness of the disease, no randomized clinical trials have been conducted and the currently recognized standard of care is based on retrospective analyses and few phase II trials. During recent years, the tumor microenvironment (TME) and tumor-related immunity have been the focus of many tumor biology studies, and the emergence of targeted therapies and checkpoint inhibitors has significantly modulated the field of cancer therapies. Testicular DLBCL (T-DLBCL) is presented in an immune-privileged site of the testis, and the roles of NF-kappa B pathway signaling, 9p24.1 aberrations, and tumor-infiltrating immune cells, especially immune checkpoint expressing lymphocytes and macrophages, seem to be unique compared to other lymphoma entities. Preliminary data on the use of immune checkpoint inhibitors in the treatment of T-DLBCL are promising and more studies are ongoing.