Browsing by Subject "NORTHEAST CHINA"

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  • Li, Junyu; Wu, Guoxi; Guo, Qingxue; Korpelainen, Helena; Li, Chunyang (2018)
    There are significant differences in the morphological and physiological responses of larch species with contrasting growth rates under fertilization. However, little is known about species-specific differences in responses to nutrient imbalance caused by fertilization. Therefore, in this study, the effects of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) fertilization on the morphological, physiological and chloroplast ultrastructural traits of two contrasting larch species, fast-growing Larix kaempferi and slowly-growing L. olgensis, grown in larch plantation soil, were investigated during two growth seasons. It was shown that N and combined N and P (NP) fertilization increased plant photosynthesis, foliar N contents, chlorophyll contents, and dry mass accumulation and partitioning in aboveground organs in both larch species. Although P fertilization enhanced P accumulation, its presence reduced the N content in soluble proteins in the foliage of both larch species. Yet, P fertilization exhibited some differences in the two species: P fertilization increased photosynthesis, chlorophyll content and biomass accumulation of L. olgensis, while it decreased these parameters dramatically in L. kaempfert P fertilization increased foliar N content in L. olgensis, while it reduced it in L. kaempferi. P fertilized L. kaempferi had more damaged chloroplast ultrastructure than L. olgensis. In addition, L. kaempferi exhibited lower acid phosphatase activities, and higher photosynthesis and biomass accumulation than L. olgensis, except under P fertilization. L. kaempferi allocated more biomass into needles, except under P fertilization, while L. olgensis allocated more into stems under fertilization. In conclusion, it was shown that nutrient imbalance caused by P fertilization has greater negative effects on a fast-growing species than on a slowly-growing one, and the negative effects are related to differences in acclimation strategies, N partitioning to photosynthetic components, and P transportation and metabolism in the foliage.
  • Li, T.; Zhang, W.; Zhang, Q.; Lu, Y.; Wang, G.; Niu, Z.; Raivonen, M.; Vesala, T. (2015)
    Natural wetlands are among the most important sources of atmospheric methane and thus important for better understanding the long-term temporal variations in the atmospheric methane concentration. During the last 60 years, wetlands have experienced extensive conversion and impacts from climate warming which might result in complicated temporal and spatial variations in the changes of the wetland methane emissions. In this paper, we present a modeling framework, integrating CH4MODwetland, TOPMODEL, and TEM models, to analyze the temporal and spatial variations in CH4 emissions from natural wetlands (including inland marshes/swamps, coastal wetlands, lakes, and rivers) in China. Our analysis revealed a total increase of 25.5 %, averaging 0.52 gm(-2) per decade, in the national CH4 fluxes from 1950 to 2010, which was mainly induced by climate warming. Larger CH4 flux increases occurred in northeastern, northern, and northwestern China, where there have been higher temperature rises. However, decreases in precipitation due to climate warming offset the increment of CH4 fluxes in these regions. The CH4 fluxes from the wetland on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau exhibited the lowest CH4 increase (0.17 gm(-2) per decade). Although climate warming has accelerated CH4 fluxes, the total amount of national CH4 emissions decreased by approximately 2.35 Tg (1.91-2.81 Tg), i.e., from 4.50 Tg in the early 1950s to 2.15 Tg in the late 2000s, due to the wetland loss totalling 17.0 million ha. Of this reduction, 0.26 Tg (0.24-0.28 Tg) was derived from lakes and rivers, 0.16 Tg (0.13-0.20 Tg) from coastal wetlands, and 1.92 Tg (1.54-2.33 Tg) from inland wetlands. Spatially, northeastern China contributed the most to the total reduction, with a loss of 1.68 Tg. The wetland CH4 emissions reduced by more than half in most regions in China except for the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, where the CH4 decrease was only 23.3 %.
  • Wang, Sichu; Wang, Zhiqiang; Heinonsalo, Jussi; Zhang, Yuanxia; Liu, Gang (2022)
    Mollisols are globally distributed in grain-producing regions, and soil organic carbon (SOC) dynamics in mollisol regions are closely related to food security. Regional climate, land use and cover, and field management practice have massively changed since the 1980s in mollisol region in Northeast China, however, the dynamics of topsoil and profile SOC stocks and their distribution have not updated. To explore the dynamics of SOC stocks and their horizontal and vertical distributions in the 1980s-2010s, we took the mollisol region in Northeast China as an example location to conduct profile-scale soil surveys. The in situ surveys indicated that the topsoil SOC stock (0-20 cm) remained relatively stable throughout the 1980s, 2000s, and 2010s, and was 57.3 +/- 5.5, 58.2 +/- 3.3, and 57.4 +/- 4.4 t C ha(-1), respectively. The average profile SOC stock (1 m) increased from 148.9 +/- 18.5 t C ha(-1) in the 1980s to 162.0 +/- 14.0 t C ha(-1) in the 2010s. A slowdown in land reclamation and implementation of conservation tillage helped maintain and restore SOC stocks. Although the overall SOC stock tended to accumulate, the study area suffered an increasingly unbalanced redistribution of SOC related to severe soil erosion. Soil particles and SOC at erosional positions such as backslope were stripped from the soil surface, leading to attenuated soil thickness and SOC stock; SOC-rich sediment accumulated and was buried at depositional positions, especially at the foot-slope, increasing the soil thickness and SOC stock. These results confirmed that not only the total SOC stock, but also changes in SOC spatial distribution deserve great attention. This study provides a platform to examine and modify the simulation effectiveness of carbon-cycling models, as well as solid foundations for optimal global mollisols management. (C) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.