Browsing by Subject "Observation"

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  • Ryynänen, Toni; Heinonen, Visa (2021)
    Purpose Temporal consumption experiences have been conceptualised as universal, subjective or practice-based experiences. Little research, though, addresses such experiences in conjunction with the repeated and situational consumption events that bring them about. The purpose of this paper is to extend current knowledge by examining how the temporal and situational intertwine during consumption events. For this purpose, the concept of a consumption timecycle based on the research data is constructed. Design/methodology/approach The paper takes a longitudinal and researcher-led approach to study temporal consumption experiences. The data was collected through participant observations, video recordings and personal subjective introspections during three consecutive annual Nordic motorcycle consumer trade shows (2014-2016). The data was analysed using an interpretive approach. Findings The results demonstrate five temporalities that characterise a consumption timecycle as follows: emerging, core, intensifying, fading and idle-time temporalities. The features of these temporal experiences are presented in the conclusions section of the paper. Research limitations/implications Recalled temporal experiences are mediated experiences and they differ from lived experiences. The transferability or generalisability of the results might be limited, as the case is situated in the Nordic context. Originality/value The paper presents the novel concept of a consumption timecycle that extends current debates about consumer time. The consumption timecycle is contrasted with established temporal concepts in consumer and marketing research.
  • Lejonqvist, Gun-Britt; Eriksson, Katie; Meretoja, Riitta (2016)
    Making the transition from theory to practise easier in nursing education through simulation is widely implemented all over the world, and there is research evidence of the positive effects of simulation. The pre understanding for this study is based on a definition of clinical competence as encountering, knowing, performing, Maturing and developing, and the hypothesis is that these categories should appear in simulated situations. The aim of the study was to explore the forms and expressions of clinical competence in simulated situations and furthermore to explore if and how clinical competence could be developed by simulation. An observational hermeneutic study with a hypothetic-deductive approach was used in 18 simulated situations with 39 bachelor degree nursing students. In the situations, the scenarios, the actors and the plots were described. The story told was "the way from suffering to health" in which three main plots emerged. The first was, doing as performing and knowing, which took the shape of knowing what to do, acting responsibly, using evidence and equipment, appearing confident and feeling comfortable, and sharing work and information with others. The second was, being as encountering the patient, which took the shape of being there for him/her and confirming by listening and answering. The third plot was becoming as maturing and developing which took the shape of learning in co-operation with other students. All the deductive categories, shapes and expressions appeared as dialectic patterns having their negative counterparts. The study showed that clinical competence can be made evident and developed by simulation and that the challenge is in encountering the patient and his/her suffering. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • The CMS collaboration; Sirunyan, A. M.; Eerola, P.; Pekkanen, J.; Voutilainen, M.; Härkönen, J.; Järvinen, T.; Karimäki, V.; Kinnunen, R.; Lampén, T.; Lassila-Perini, K.; Lehti, S.; Lindén, T.; Luukka, P.; Tuominen, E.; Tuominiemi, J.; Tuovinen, E.; Talvitie, J.; Tuuva, T. (2018)
    A measurement of the H -> tau tau signal strength is performed using events recorded in proton-proton collisions by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2016 at a center-of-mass energy of 13TeV. The data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb(-1). The H -> tau tau signal is established with a significance of 4.9 standard deviations, to be compared to an expected significance of 4.7 standard deviations. The best fit of the product of the observed H -> tau tau signal production cross section and branching fraction is 1.09(-0.2)(6+0.27) times the standard model expectation. The combination with the corresponding measurement performed with data collected by the CMS experiment at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV leads to an observed significance of 5.9 standard deviations, equal to the expected significance. This is the first observation of Higgs boson decays to tau leptons by a single experiment. (c) 2018 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V.
  • Christian, Alexander (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    This thesis examines English teaching in 1st-grade classes in Finland in the wake of the 2018 Finnish legislation, which comes into effect in 2020, to push the introduction of A1 language teaching from 3rd grade to 1st grade. This thesis examines how elementary teachers, who have not previously taught languages, are able to teach English to their 1st-grade students. This is a qualitative study that uses classroom observation in conjunction with transcription analysis to analyze the methods that teachers use when teaching English. 2 EFL classes and 4 CLIL classes were observed. Through analyzing classroom discourse, this thesis looks at vocabulary acquisition as a focus of early language teaching and aims to determine whether there are any differences between CLIL and EFL English classes in methodology and general classroom discourse. The results from this study show that even though the suggested legislation was put into effect almost immediately, teachers have been able to swiftly adapt and begin teaching English to their students successfully. This thesis shows that due to the lack of standards regarding 1st-grade English teaching, the methods that teachers use may vary. On the other hand, even though there is room for variation, this thesis shows that there is very little difference between classes, or even between CLIL and EFL. The results show that all classes focused on repetition and classroom discourse to support vocabulary acquisition and general language familiarity. The capital-city area of Finland is acting as a pilot for this first year so that when the legislation inevitably spreads to the rest of the country, they will be able to use the experiences that teachers have faced to better serve the rest of the nation’s teachers. As this thesis is situated at the beginning of early English education in Finland, more research is needed to determine the long-term effects that this type of legislation could bring to the nation. In analyzing the way that teachers teach English to first graders, this thesis serves as a tool that observes the foundation of early language learning in Finnish schools.