Browsing by Subject "PARTIES"

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  • Nemcok, Miroslav (2021)
    Widely influential Duverger's "law" and "hypothesis" describe the main direction of influence of electoral rules on party systems; however, their formulations are quite blurry what makes their application to concrete electoral results often ambiguous. Therefore, this research conducted an original survey among electoral experts (n = 131) to explore whether they apply Duverger's rule in a consistent pattern which could lead to its less ambiguous specification. Experts' responses revealed a considerable heterogeneity which indicates that they are often unsure about the likely outcomes of electoral systems. Nevertheless, experts were, on average, close to the central tendency predicted by the Seat Product Models [Taagepera, Rein. 2007. Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems. New York: Oxford University Press] which quantifies the Duverger's rule. Hence, experts, on average, think that election outcomes should look like what Seat Product Models predict. Therefore, the Models should be used as a baseline in electoral studies, because they allow more fine-grained evaluation of electoral systems.
  • Casaglia, Anna; Coletti, Raffaella; Lizotte, Christopher; Agnew, John; Mamadouh, Virginie; Minca, Claudio (2020)
  • Casaglia, Anna; Coletti, Raffaella; Lizotte, Christopher; Agnew, John; Mamadouh, Virginie; Minca, Claudio (2020)
  • Casaglia, Anna; Coletti, Raffaella; Lizotte, Christopher; Agnew, John; Mamadouh, Virginie; Minca, Claudio (2020)
  • Casaglia, Anna; Coletti, Raffaella; Lizotte, Christopher; Agnew, John; Mamadouh, Virginie; Minca, Claudio (2020)
  • Casaglia, Anna; Coletti, Raffaella; Lizotte, Christopher; Agnew, John; Mamadouh, Virginie; Minca, Claudio (2020)
  • Taagepera, Rein; Nemcok, Miroslav (2021)
    This study connects two apparently disparate fields of inquiry in a specific quantitative way. In Lijphart's Patterns of Democracy, the majoritarian-consensual "executives-parties" score (L) combines five indices. Four of these largely or entirely derive from factors that Shugart and Taagepera, Votes from Seats, logically deduced from the product of two numbers: the number of seats in an average electoral district (M) and in the first or only chamber of representative assembly (S). Hence L connects to the purely institutional seat product MS (logged) along a simple logistic pattern. It can be predicted from L = 41+35 (MS)-0.56-2, with R-2 = 0.59. Thus, surprisingly, the majoritarian-consensual typology largely stems from the number of seats available.
  • Herkman, Juha Pekka (2018)
    The paper analyses political scandals connected to the contemporary populist parties of Denmark, Finland and Sweden. The dramaturgies of these scandals repeat the general patterns of political scandals identified in previous studies, but they also share special characteristics that make them a specific type of neo-populist scandal. The starting point of the typical neo-populist scandal occurs due to the moral transgression of a member of a populist movement, usually through the use of unacceptable language or behaviour, insulting non-native inhabitants or other minorities within the population. However, provocation and playing the role of the underdog are common strategies employed by populists, and a populist movement may even benefit from a scandal, though the consequences of the scandal depend on the life phase of the movement and on the status of the member involved in the scandal. The moral transgressions and political consequences of neo-populist scandals may serve as an indicator of the condition liberal democracy enjoys, but also reveal contextual differences in particular societies and their moral order.