Browsing by Subject "PERIHEMATOMAL EDEMA"

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  • Wu, Teddy Y.; Putaala, Jukka; Sharma, Gagan; Strbian, Daniel; Tatlisumak, Turgut; Davis, Stephen M.; Meretoja, Atte (2017)
    Background-Hyperglycemia may be associated with worse outcome after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). We assessed the association of early glycemic trajectory on ICH mortality and edema growth. Methods and Results-We included patients from the Helsinki ICH study with glucose measurements at least once between both 0 to 24 and 24 to 72 hours from onset. Hyperglycemia was defined as blood glucose >= 8 mmol/L (144 mg/dL) based on the local threshold for treatment. Glycemic trajectory was defined on maximum values 0 to 24 and 24 to 72 hours after ICH: (1) persistent normoglycemia in both epochs; (2) late hyperglycemia (only between 24 and 72 hours); (3) early hyperglycemia (only before 24 hours); and (4) persistent hyperglycemia in both epochs. Logistic regression with known predictors of outcome estimated the association of glycemic trajectory and 6-month mortality. A generalized linear model assessed the association of glycemic trajectory and interpolated 72-hour edema extension distance. A total of 576 patients met eligibility criteria, of whom 214 (37.2%) had persistent normoglycemia, 44 (7.6%) late hyperglycemia, 151 (26.2%) early hyperglycemia, and 167 (29.0%) persistent hyperglycemia. Six-month mortality was higher in the persistent (51.1%) and early (26.3%) hyperglycemia groups than the normoglycemia (19.0%) and late hyperglycemia (3.6%) groups. Persistent hyperglycemia was associated with 6-month mortality (odds ratio 3.675, 95% CI 1.989-6.792; P <0.001). Both univariate (P=0.426) and multivariable (P=0.493) generalized linear model analyses showed no association between glycemic trajectory and 72-hour edema extension distance. Conclusion-Early hyperglycemia after ICH is harmful if it is persistent. Strategies to achieve glycemic control after ICH may influence patient outcome and need to be assessed in clinical trials.
  • Wu, Teddy Y.; Sobowale, Oluwaseun; Hurford, Robert; Sharma, Gagan; Christensen, Soren; Yassi, Nawaf; Tatlisumak, Turgut; Desmond, Patricia M.; Campbell, Bruce C. V.; Davis, Stephen M.; Parry-Jones, Adrian R.; Meretoja, Atte (2016)
    Haematoma and oedema size determines outcome after intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH), with each added 10 % volume increasing mortality by 5 %. We assessed the reliability of semi-automated computed tomography planimetry using Analyze and Osirix softwares. We randomly selected 100 scans from 1329 ICH patients from two centres. We used Hounsfield Unit thresholds of 5-33 for oedema and 44-100 for ICH. Three raters segmented all scans using both softwares and 20 scans repeated for intra-rater reliability and segmentation timing. Volumes reported by Analyze and Osirix were compared to volume estimates calculated using the best practice method, taking effective individual slice thickness, i.e. voxel depth, into account. There was excellent overall inter-rater, intra-rater and inter-software reliability, all intraclass correlation coefficients > 0.918. Analyze and Osirix produced similar haematoma (mean difference: Analyze -aEuroeOsirix = 1.5 +/- 5.2 mL, 6 %, p aecurrency signaEuroe0.001) and oedema volumes (-0.6 +/- 12.6 mL, -3 %, p = 0.377). Compared to a best practice approach to volume calculation, the automated haematoma volume output was 2.6 mL (-11 %) too small with Analyze and 4.0 mL (-18 %) too small with Osirix, whilst the oedema volumes were 2.5 mL (-12 %) and 5.5 mL (-25 %) too small, correspondingly. In scans with variable slice thickness, the volume underestimations were larger, -29%/-36 % for ICH and -29 %/-41 % for oedema. Mean segmentation times were 6:53 +/- 4:02 min with Analyze and 9:06 +/- 5:24 min with Osirix (p <0.001). Our results demonstrate that the method used to determine voxel depth can influence the final volume output markedly. Results of clinical and collaborative studies need to be considered in the context of these methodological differences.