Browsing by Subject "PGLYRP1"

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  • PAROKRANK Steering Comm; Rathnayake, Nilminie; Gustafsson, Anders; Sorsa, Timo; Norhammar, Anna; Bostanci, Nagihan (2022)
    Background: Peptidoglycan recognition protein 1 (PGLYRP1) is an antimicrobial and proinflammatory innate immunity protein activated during infections. We aimed to investigate whether PGYLRP1 and associated molecules of the immune response in saliva is a cumulative outcome result of both MI and periodontal inflammation. Methods and Results: Two hundred patients with MI and another 200 matched non-MI controls were included. A full-mouthexamination was conducted to assess periodontal inflammation and collection of stimulated saliva was performed 6 to 10 weeks after the first MI. PGLYRP1, triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1 (TREM-1), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) were analyzed by ELISA. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8 levels were determined by IFMA. Compared to controls, MI patients showed higher salivary PGLYRP1, but not TRIM-1 levels. The difference in PGLYRP1 levels remained after adjustment for covariates. In MI patients, the PGLYRP1 levels positively correlated with BOP and PPD 4 to 5 mm. Among non-MI subjects, the levels of PGLYRP1 correlated positively and significantly with BOP and total PPD. Salivary PGLYRP1 concentrations also showed strong positive correlations with levels of TRIM-1, IL-1 beta and MM P-8. In multivariate linear regression analysis, in MI patients, BOP and former smokingstatus displayed an association with salivary PGLYRP1 concentration. Conclusion: MI patients showed higher salivary PGLYRP1 levels than healthy controls, also after adjusting for smoking, sex, age and periodontal health status. Salivary levels of PGLYRP1 may reflect the overall inflammatory burden to chronic bacterial exposure, possibly underpinning the observed associations between periodontitis and exposure with MI.
  • Keles Yucel, Zeynep Pinar; Silbereisen, Angelika; Emingil, Gulnur; Tokgoz, Yavuz; Kose, Timur; Sorsa, Timo; Tsilingaridis, Georgios; Bostanci, Nagihan (2020)
    Abstract Background Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a life-threatening chronic inflammatory disease in children due to respiratory complications. Saliva could serve as reservoir of bacterial colonization and potentially reflect systemic inflammation. This study investigated whether salivary triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1 (TREM-1), peptidoglycan recognition protein 1 (PGLYRP1), interleukin (IL)-1? and calprotectin are associated with CF or reflect concomitant gingival inflammation. Methods Ten CF (age:3-12yrs) and ten systemically healthy age-and-gender-matched children (C) were enrolled in the study. Individuals with CF underwent routine laboratory determinations. Probing pocket depth (PPD), gingival index (GI), plaque index (PI) and bleeding on probing (BOP) were recorded on fully erupted teeth and saliva samples collected. Salivary TREM-1, PGLYRP1, IL-1? and calprotectin were analysed by ELISA. Results Children with CF had significantly higher BOP scores (P = 0.001) and calprotectin levels (P = 0.017) compared to the C group. TREM-1, PGLYRP1 and IL-1? could not distinguish between CF and SH but showed positive correlation with GI, PI and BOP in both groups. Calprotectin levels positively correlated with procalcitonin (P = 0.014), thrombocyte counts (P = 0.001), mean platelet volume (P = 0.030) and with PGLYRP1 (P = 0.019) and IL-1? (P = 0.013) in CF children. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis for calprotectin (CFvsC) showed an area under the curve of 0.79 (95% CI 0.58-0.99, P = 0.034). Conclusions CF children presented with higher gingival inflammation scores and salivary calprotectin levels, that correlated with systemic inflammatory markers. Salivary calprotectin levels were not associated with periodontal parameters. Hence, preliminary data demonstrate that salivary calprotectin might have a chairside diagnostic potential for CF in children. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved