Browsing by Subject "PHASE-II-TRIAL"

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  • Hyytiäinen, Aini; Wahbi, Wafa; Väyrynen, Otto; Saarilahti, Kauko; Karihtala, Peeter; Salo, Tuula; Al-Samadi, Ahmed (2021)
    Background Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) carries poor survival outcomes despite recent progress in cancer treatment in general. Angiogenesis is crucial for tumour survival and progression. Therefore, several agents targeting the pathways that mediate angiogenesis have been developed. We conducted a systematic review to summarise the current clinical trial data examining angiogenesis inhibitors in HNSCC. Methods We carried out a literature search on three angiogenesis inhibitor categories-bevacizumab, tyrosine kinase inhibitors and endostatin-from Ovid MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, Scopus and ClinicalTrials.gov database. Results Here, we analysed 38 clinical trials, total of 1670 patients, investigating 12 angiogenesis inhibitors. All trials were in phase I or II, except one study in phase III on bevacizumab. Angiogenesis inhibitors were used as mono- and combination therapies together with radio-, chemo-, targeted- or immunotherapy. Among 12 angiogenesis inhibitors, bevacizumab was the most studied drug, included in 13 trials. Although bevacizumab appeared effective in various combinations, it associated with high toxicity levels. Endostatin and lenvatinib were well-tolerated and their anticancer effects appeared promising. Conclusions Most studies did not show benefit of angiogenesis inhibitors in HNSCC treatment. Additionally, angiogenesis inhibitors were associated with considerable toxicity. However, some results appear encouraging, suggesting that further investigations of angiogenesis inhibitors, particularly in combination therapies, for HNSCC patients are warranted. Systematic Review Registration PROSPERO (https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/), identifier CRD42020157144.