Browsing by Subject "PHENIX"

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  • Aidala, C.; Kim, D. J.; Krizek, F.; Novitzky, N.; Rak, J.; PHENIX Collaboration (2017)
    The fraction of J/psi mesons which come from B-meson decay, F-B -> J/psi is measured for J/psi rapidity 1.2 <|y| <2.2 and p(T) > 0 in p + p and Cu+Au collisions at root s(NN) = 200 GeV with the PHENIX detector. The extracted fraction is F-B -> J/psi = 0.025 +/- 0.006 (stat) +/- 0.010(syst) for p + p collisions. For Cu+Au collisions, F-B -> J/psi is 0.094 +/- 0.028(stat) +/- 0.037(syst) in the Au-going direction (-2.2 <y <-1.2) and 0.089 +/- 0.026(stat) +/- 0.040(syst) in the Cu-going direction (1.2 <y <2.2). The nuclear modification factor, R-CuAu,of B mesons in Cu+Au collisions is consistent with binary scaling of measured yields in p + p at both forward and backward rapidity.
  • PHENIX Collaboration; Adare, A.; Kim, D. J.; Krizek, F.; Novitzky, N.; Rak, J. (2018)
    We have measured the cross section and single-spin asymmetries from forward W-+/- -> mu(+/-)nu production in longitudinally polarized p + p collisions at root s = 510 GeV using the PHENIX detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. The cross sections are consistent with previous measurements at this collision energy, while the most forward and backward longitudinal single spin asymmetries provide new insights into the sea quark helicities in the proton. The charge of the W bosons provides a natural flavor separation of the participating partons.
  • Aidala, C.; Kim, D. J.; PHENIX Collaboration (2017)
    We present measurements of long-range angular correlations and the transverse momentum dependence of elliptic flow v(2) in high-multiplicity p + Au collisions at root S-NN = 200 GeV. A comparison of these results to previous measurements in high-multiplicity d + Au and He-3+Au collisions demonstrates a relation between v(2) and the initial collision eccentricity epsilon(2), suggesting that the observed momentum-space azimuthal anisotropies in these small systems have a collective origin and reflect the initial geometry. Good agreement is observed between the measured v(2) and hydrodynamic calculations for all systems, and an argument disfavoring theoretical explanations based on initial momentum-space domain correlations is presented. The set of measurements presented here allows us to leverage the distinct intrinsic geometry of each of these systems to distinguish between different theoretical descriptions of the long-range correlations observed in small collision systems.
  • Adare, A.; Kim, D. J.; Novitzky, N.; Rak, J.; PHENIX Collaboration (2017)
    The PHENIX Collaboration has measured the ratio of the yields of psi(2S) to psi(1S) mesons produced in p + p, p + Al, p + Au, and He-3+Au collisions at root S-NN = 200 GeV over the forward and backward rapidity intervals 1.2 <| y | <2.2. We find that the ratio in p + p collisions is consistent with measurements at other collision energies. In collisions with nuclei, we find that in the forward (p-going or He-3-going) direction, the relative yield of psi(2S) mesons to psi(1S) mesons is consistent with the value measured in p + p collisions. However, in the backward (nucleus-going) direction, the psi(2S) meson is preferentially suppressed by a factor of similar to 2. This suppression is attributed in some models to the breakup of the weakly bound psi(2S) meson through final-state interactions with comoving particles, which have a higher density in the nucleus-going direction. These breakup effects may compete with color screening in a deconfined quark-gluon plasma to produce sequential suppression of excited quarkonia states.
  • Aidala, C.; Kim, D. J.; PHENIX Collaboration (2017)
    We present measurements of the elliptic flow (v(2)) as a function of transverse momentum (p(T)), pseudorapidity (eta), and centrality in d + Au collisions at root s(NN) = 200, 62.4, 39, and 19.6 GeV. The beam-energy scan of d + Au collisions provides a testing ground for the onset of flow signatures in small collision systems. We measure a nonzero v(2) signal at all four collision energies, which, at midrapidity and low p(T), is consistent with predictions from viscous hydrodynamic models. Comparisons with calculations from parton transport models (based on the AMPT Monte Carlo generator) show good agreement with the data at midrapidity to forward (d-going) rapidities and low p(T). At backward (Au-going) rapidities and p(T) > 1.5GeV/c, the data diverges from AMPT calculations of v(2) relative to the initial geometry, indicating the possible dominance of nongeometry related correlations, referred to as nonflow. We also present measurements of the charged-particle multiplicity (d N-ch/d eta) as a function of eta in central d + Au collisions at the same energies. We find that in d + Au collisions at root s(NN) = 200 GeV the v(2) scales with d N-ch/d eta over all eta in the PHENIX acceptance. At root s(NN) = 62.4, and 39 GeV, v(2) scales with d N-ch/d eta at midrapidity and forward rapidity, but falls off at backward rapidity. This departure from the d N-ch/d eta scaling may be a further indication of nonflow effects dominating at backward rapidity.
  • Aidala, C.; Kim, D. J.; Krizek, F.; Novitzky, N.; Rak, J.; PHENIX Collaboration (2017)
    We report the first measurement of the fraction of J/psi mesons coming from B-meson decay (F (B -> J/psi)) in p + p collisions at root s = 510 GeV. The measurement is performed using the forward silicon vertex detector and central vertex detector at PHENIX, which provide precise tracking and distance-of-closest-approach determinations, enabling the statistical separation of J=. due to B-meson decays from prompt J/psi. The measured value of F (B -> J/psi) is 8.1% +/- 2.3% (stat) +/- 1.9% (syst) for J/psi with transverse momenta 0 <p(T) <5 GeV/c and rapidity 1.2 <vertical bar y vertical bar <2.2. The measured fraction F (B -> J/psi) at PHENIX is compared to values measured by other experiments at higher center of mass energies and to fixed-order-next-toleading- logarithm and color-evaporation-model predictions. The b (b) over bar cross section per unit rapidity [d sigma/dy(pp -> b (b) over bar)] extracted from the obtained F (B -> J/psi) and the PHENIX inclusive J/psi cross section measured at 200 GeV scaled with color-evaporation-model calculations, at the mean B hadron rapidity y = +/- 1.7 in 510 GeV p + p collisions, is 3.63(-1.70)(+1.92) mu b. It is consistent with the fixed-order-next-toleading- logarithm calculations.
  • PHENIX Collaboration; Adare, A.; Kim, D. J.; Novitzky, N.; Rak, J. (2018)
    We present measurements of the transverse-momentum dependence of elliptic flow upsilon(2) for identified pions and (anti)protons at midrapidity (vertical bar eta vertical bar <0.35), in 0%-5% central p + Au and He-3 + Au collisions at ,root s(NN) = 200 GeV. When taken together with previously published measurements in d + Au collisions at root s(NN) = 200 GeV, the results cover a broad range of small-collision-system multiplicities and intrinsic initial geometries. We observe a clear mass-dependent splitting of upsilon(2) (p(T)) in d + Au and He-3 + Au collisions, just as in large nucleus-nucleus (A + A) collisions, and a smaller splitting in p + Au collisions. Both hydrodynamic and transport model calculations successfully describe the data at low p(T) (
  • PHENIX Collaboration; Aidala, C.; Kim, D. J. (2018)
    Recently, multiparticle-correlation measurements of relativistic p/d(3)He + Au, p + Pb, and even p + p collisions show surprising collective signatures. Here, we present beam-energy-scan measurements of two, four-, and six-particle angular correlations in d + Au collisions at root s(NN) = 200, 62.4, 39, and 19.6 GeV. We also present measurements of two-and four-particle angular correlations in p + Au collisions at root s(NN) = 200 GeV. We find the four-particle cumulant to be real valued for d + Au collisions at all four energies. We also find that the four-particle cumulant in p + Au has the opposite sign as that in d + Au. Further, we find that the six-particle cumulant agrees with the four-particle cumulant in d + Au collisions at 200 GeV, indicating that nonflow effects are subdominant. These observations provide strong evidence that the correlations originate from the initial geometric configuration, which is then translated into the momentum distribution for all particles, commonly referred to as collectivity.
  • PHENIX Collaboration; Adare, A.; Kim, D. J.; Novitzky, N.; Rak, J. (2019)
    We present measurements of elliptic and triangular azimuthal anisotropy of charged particles detected at forward rapidity 1 < vertical bar eta vertical bar < 3 in Au + Au collisions at root S-NN = 200 GeV, as a function of centrality. The multiparticle cumulant technique is used to obtain the elliptic flow coefficients v(2){2}, v(2){4}, v(2){6}, and v(2){8}, and triangular flow coefficients v(3){2} and v(3){4}. Using the small-variance limit, we estimate the mean and variance of the event-by-event v 2 distribution from v(2){2} and v(2){4}. In a complementary analysis, we also use a folding procedure to study the distributions of v(2) and v(3) directly, extracting both the mean and variance. Implications for initial geometrical fluctuations and their translation into the final-state momentum distributions are discussed.
  • PHENIX Collaboration; Adare, A.; Kim, D. J.; Novitzky, N.; Rak, J. (2018)
    Asymmetric nuclear collisions of p + Al, p + Au, d + Au, and He-3 + Au at root S-NN = 200 GeV provide an excellent laboratory for understanding particle production, as well as exploring interactions among these particles after their initial creation in the collision. We present measurements of charged hadron production dN(ch)/d eta in all such collision systems over a broad pseudorapidity range and as a function of collision multiplicity. A simple wounded quark model is remarkably successful at describing the full data set. We also measure the elliptic flow 12 over a similarly broad pseudorapidity range. These measurements provide key constraints on models of particle emission and their translation into flow.
  • Oliinyk, Olena S.; Shemetov, Anton A.; Pletnev, Sergei; Shcherbakova, Daria M.; Verkhusha, Vladislav V. (2019)
    From a single domain of cyanobacteriochrome (CBCR) we developed a near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent protein (FP), termed miRFP670nano, with excitation at 645 nm and emission at 670 nm. This is the first CBCR-derived NIR FP evolved to efficiently bind endogenous biliverdin chromophore and brightly fluoresce in mammalian cells. miRFP670nano is a monomer with molecular weight of 17 kDa that is 2-fold smaller than bacterial phytochrome (BphP)-based NIR FPs and 1.6-fold smaller than GFP-like FPs. Crystal structure of the CBCR-based NIR FP with biliverdin reveals a molecular basis of its spectral and biochemical properties. Unlike BphP-derived NIR FPs, miRFP670nano is highly stable to denaturation and degradation and can be used as an internal protein tag. miRFP670nano is an effective FRET donor for red-shifted NIR FPs, enabling engineering NIR FRET biosensors spectrally compatible with GFP-like FPs and blue-green optogenetic tools. miRFP670nano unlocks a new source of diverse CBCR templates for NIR FPs.