Browsing by Subject "PORTAL-HYPERTENSION"

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  • Bossen, Lars; Vesterhus, Mette; Hov, Johannes R.; Färkkilä, Martti; Rosenberg, William M.; Moller, Holger J.; Boberg, Kirsten M.; Karlsen, Tom H.; Gronbaek, Henning (2021)
    INTRODUCTION: Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a progressive liver disease characterized by bile duct inflammation and fibrosis. The role of macrophages in PSC development and progression is less studied. Macrophage activation markers soluble (s)CD163 and mannose receptor (sMR) are associated with disease severity and outcome in other liver diseases, but not previously investigated in PSC. We evaluated sCD163 and sMR regarding disease severity and prognosis in patients with PSC. METHODS: We investigated 2 independent PSC cohorts from Oslo (n = 138) and Helsinki (n = 159) and analyzed blood sCD163 and sMR levels. The Mayo score, Enhanced Liver Fibrosis Test, and Amsterdam-Oxford model were assessed for comparison. RESULTS: Median (interquartile range) sCD163 was 3.32 (2.27-5.60) and 1.96 (1.47-2.70) mg/L in the Oslo and Helsinki cohorts, respectively, reflecting differences in disease severity between cohorts. Median sMR was similar in both cohorts, 0.28 (0.22-0.44) and 0.28 mg/L (0.20-0.36), respectively. In both cohorts, sCD163 and sMR levels raised with increasing disease severity (liver enzymes, Mayo score, and enhanced liver fibrosis test). Patients with high baseline levels of sCD163 had shorter transplant-free survival than patients with low baseline levels. Furthermore, sCD163 was associated with transplant-free survival in univariate cox-regression analyses. Both sCD163 and sMR performed better in the Oslo cohort of more severely diseased patients than those in the Helsinki cohort of more mildly diseased patients. DISCUSSION: Macrophage activation markers are elevated according to disease severity suggesting an important role of macrophages in PSC. Furthermore, sCD163 was identified as a prognostic marker and predictor of transplant-free survival in PSC (see Visual Abstract, Supplementary Digital Content 4, [GRAPHICS]
  • Hukkinen, Maria; Ruuska, Satu; Pihlajoki, Marjut; Kyrönlahti, Antti; Pakarinen, Mikko P. (2022)
    Portoenterostomy (PE) has remained as the generally accepted first line surgical treatment for biliary atresia (BA) for over 50 years. Currently, close to half of BA patients survive beyond 10 years with their native livers, and most of them reach adulthood without liver transplantation (LT). Despite normalization of serum bilirubin by PE, ductular reaction and portal fibrosis persist in the native liver. The chronic cholangiopathy progresses to cirrhosis, complications of portal hypertension, recurrent cholangitis or hepatobiliary tumors necessitating LT later in life. Other common related health problems include impaired bone health, neuromotor development and quality of life. Only few high-quality trials are available for evidence-based guidance of post-PE adjuvant medical therapy or management of the disease complications. Better understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms connecting native liver injury to clinical outcomes is critical for development of accurate follow-up tools and novel therapies designed to improve native liver function and survival.
  • Lampela, Hanna; Hukkinen, Maria; Kosola, Silja; Jahnukainen, Timo; Pakarinen, Mikko P. (2020)
    Objective: Our objective was to analyze performance of noninvasive markers for significant esophageal varices in relation to outcomes of endoscopic surveillance and primary prophylaxis in biliary atresia (BA). Methods: This was a prospective follow-up study of a national cohort of BA patients born between 1989 and 2017, including 72 consecutive patients who underwent variceal surveillance endoscopies. The risk for developing significant varices (grade >= 2) and variceal bleeding was compared between successful (postoperative total bilirubin Results: In total, 72 patients underwent 471 endoscopies during 427 follow-up years. Among 45 successful PE patients (63%), varices appeared later [at median age 1.6 (0.7-14) vs. 0.8 (0.4-1.9) years] and bled less often [7% vs. 41%, p b 0.001 for both] than after failed PE. Liver biochemistry, stiffness, and predictive scores showed poor accuracy for the presence of significant varices. After failed PE, lowered plasma albumin concentration predicted varices with an AUROC of 0.69 (95% CI 0.52-0.85, p = 0.030). After successful PE the varices prediction rule with AUROC 0.72 (95% CI 0.64-0.79) was the most accurate predictor. Individual predictors showed no meaningful changes between the two consecutive endoscopies leading to discovery of varices. Conclusion: Accurate targeting of endoscopies based on noninvasive predictors remains difficult during primary variceal prophylaxis protocol in BA. The differing prognoses after successful and failed PE should be considered in variceal surveillance and future studies. Type of study: Diagnostic/prognosis study. (c) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.