Browsing by Subject "POTENTIAL BIOMARKER"

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  • Bowden, Sarah J.; Kalliala, Ilkka; Veroniki, Areti A.; Arbyn, Marc; Mitra, Anita; Lathouras, Kostas; Mirabello, Lisa; Chadeau-Hyam, Marc; Paraskevaidis, Evangelos; Flanagan, James M.; Kyrgiou, Maria (2019)
    Background: Methylation of viral DNA has been proposed as a novel biomarker for triage of human papillomavirus (HPV) positive women at screening. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to assess how methylation levels change with disease severity and to determine diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) in detecting high-grade cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia (CIN). Methods: We performed searches in MEDLINE, EMBASE and CENTRAL from inception to October 2019. Studies were eligible if they explored HPV methylation levels in HPV positive women. Data were extracted in duplicate and requested from authors where necessary. Random-effects models and a bivariate mixed-effects binary regression model were applied to determine pooled effect estimates. Findings: 44 studies with 8819 high-risk HPV positive women were eligible. The pooled estimates for positive methylation rate in HPV16 L1 gene were higher for high-grade CIN (>= CIN2/high-grade squamous intra-epithelial lesion (HSIL) (95% confidence interval (95%CI:72.7% (47 8-92.2))) vs. low-grade CIN (= CIN2/HSIL vs. = CIN2/HSIL vs. Interpretation: Higher HPV methylation is associated with increased disease severity, whilst HPV16 L1/L2 genes demonstrated high diagnostic accuracy to detect high-grade CIN in HPV16 positive women. Direct clinical use is limited by the need for a multi-genotype and standardised assays. Next-generation multiplex HPV sequencing assays are under development and allow potential for rapid, automated and low-cost methylation testing. (C) 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.
  • Mononen, Nina; Lyytikäinen, Leo-Pekka; Seppälä, Ilkka; Mishra, Pashupati P.; Juonala, Markus; Waldenberger, Melanie; Klopp, Norman; Illig, Thomas; Leiviskä, Jaana; Loo, Britt-Marie; Laaksonen, Reijo; Oksala, Niku; Kähönen, Mika; Hutri-Kähönen, Nina; Raitakari, Olli; Lehtimäki, Terho; Raitoharju, Emma (2019)
    We analyzed the associations between whole blood microRNA profiles and the indices of glucose metabolism and impaired fasting glucose and examined whether the discovered microRNAs correlate with the expression of their mRNA targets. MicroRNA and gene expression profiling were performed for the Young Finns Study participants (n= 871). Glucose, insulin, and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels were measured, the insulin resistance index (HOMA2-IR) was calculated, and the glycemic status (normoglycemic [n = 534]/impaired fasting glucose [IFG] [n = 252]/type 2 diabetes [T2D] [n = 24]) determined. Levels of hsa-miR-144-5p, -122-5p, -148a-3p, -589-5p, and hsa-let-7a-5p associated with glycemic status. hsa-miR-144-5p and -148a-3p associated with glucose levels, while hsa-miR-144-5p, -122-5p, -184, and -339-3p associated with insulin levels and HOMA2-IR, and hsa-miR-148a-3p, -15b-3p, -93-3p, -146b-5p, -221-3p, -18a-3p, -642a-5p, and -181-2-3p associated with HbA1c levels. The targets of hsa-miR-146b-5p that correlated with its levels were enriched in inflammatory pathways, and the targets of hsa-miR-221-3p were enriched in insulin signaling and T2D pathways. These pathways showed indications of co-regulation by HbA1c-associated miRNAs. There were significant differences in the microRNA profiles associated with glucose, insulin, or HOMA-IR compared to those associated with HbA1c. The HbA1c-associated miRNAs also correlated with the expression of target mRNAs in pathways important to the development ofT2D.