Browsing by Subject "PRETERM DELIVERY"

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  • Äyräs, Outi; Rahkola-Soisalo, Päivi; Kaijomaa, Marja; Tikkanen, Minna; Paavonen, Jorma; Stefanovic, Vedran (2019)
    Objective: To bring new accuracy to the prognosis of outcomes of euploid fetuses with an extremely high risk in the first-trimester combined screening when compared to the low-risk group. Study design: The data included pregnancies with a trisomy 21 risk >= 1:50 in the combined first-trimester screening but normal fetal chromosomes. The control group had a risk value Results: The study comprised 483 women (161 cases and 322 controls). The mean follow-up time of children born alive was 61.4 months. An adverse outcome was detected in 11.8% of the cases and in 5.9% of the controls. After adjusting the values of mothers age, parity, and smoking habit the odds ratio for an adverse outcome was 2.1 (95% CI: 1.0-4.5, p = 0.05) for cases. When evaluating the effect of 1 SD increase in MOM of PAPP-A or 1 SD decrease in MOM of NT or beta-hCG to any adverse outcome, 1 SD increase in PAPP-A MOM decreased the risk of adverse outcome by OR 0.48 (95% CI: 0.3 - 0.8, p = 0.05) while the others were not significant. Conclusion: Euploid fetuses with a high risk in the combined first-trimester screening have a twofold risk for adverse outcomes when compared to those with a low risk. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Barbuscia, Anna; Martikainen, Pekka; Myrskylä, Mikko; Remes, Hanna; Somigliana, Edgardo; Klemetti, Reija; Goisis, Alice (2020)
    STUDY QUESTION Does the risk of low birth weight and premature birth increase with age among mothers who conceive through medically assisted reproduction (MAR)? SUMMARY ANSWER Among MAR mothers, the risk of poorer birth outcomes does not increase with maternal age at birth except at very advanced maternal ages (40+). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY The use of MAR treatments has been increasing over the last few decades and is especially diffused among women who conceive at older ages. Although advanced maternal age is a well-known risk factor for adverse birth outcomes in natural pregnancies, only a few studies have directly analysed the maternal age gradient in birth outcomes for MAR mothers. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION The base dataset was a 20% random sample of households with at least one child aged 0-14 at the end of 2000, drawn from the Finnish population register and other administrative registers. This study included children who were born in 1995-2000, because the information on whether a child was conceived through MAR or naturally was available only from 1995 onwards. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS The outcome measures were whether the child had low birth weight (LBW, MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE A total of 56026 children, 2624 of whom were conceived through MAR treatments, were included in the study. Among the mothers who used MAR to conceive, maternal age was not associated with an increased risk of LBW (the overall prevalence was 12.6%) at ages 25-39. For example, compared to the risk of LBW at ages 30-34, the risk was 0.22 percentage points lower (95% CI: -3.2, 2.8) at ages 25-29 and was 1.34 percentage points lower (95% CI: -4.5, 1.0) at ages 35-39. The risk of LBW was increased only at maternal ages >= 40 (six percentage points, 95% CI: 0.2, 12). Adjustment for maternal characteristics only marginally attenuated these associations. In contrast, among the mothers who conceived naturally, the results showed a clear age gradient. For example, compared to the risk of LBW (the overall prevalence was 3.3%) at maternal ages 30-34, the risk was 1.1 percentage points higher (95% CI: 0.6, 1.6) at ages 35-39 and was 1.5 percentage points higher (95% CI: 0.5, 2.6) at ages >= 40. The results were similar for preterm births. LIMITATIONS, REASON FOR CAUTION A limited number of confounders were included in the study because of the administrative nature of the data used. Our ability to reliably distinguish mothers based on MAR treatment type was also limited. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS This is the first study to analyse the maternal age gradient in the risk of adverse birth outcomes among children conceived through MAR using data from a nationally representative sample and controlling for important maternal health and socio-economic characteristics. This topic is of considerable importance in light of the widespread and increasing use of MAR treatments.