Browsing by Subject "PRION PROTEIN"

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  • Mahalka, Ajay K.; Code, Christian; Jahromi, Behnam Rezai; Kirkegaard, Thomas; Jaattela, Marja; Kinnunen, Paavo K. J. (2011)
  • Maury, Carl Peter J. (2018)
    A crucial stage in the origin of life was the emergence of the first molecular entity that was able to replicate, transmit information, and evolve on the early Earth. The amyloid world hypothesis posits that in the pre-RNA era, information processing was based on catalytic amyloids. The self-assembly of short peptides into beta-sheet amyloid conformers leads to extraordinary structural stability and novel multifunctionality that cannot be achieved by the corresponding nonaggregated peptides. The new functions include self-replication, catalytic activities, and information transfer. The environmentally sensitive template-assisted replication cycles generate a variety of amyloid polymorphs on which evolutive forces can act, and the fibrillar assemblies can serve as scaffolds for the amyloids themselves and for ribonucleotides proteins and lipids. The role of amyloid in the putative transition process from an amyloid world to an amyloid-RNA-protein world is not limited to scaffolding and protection: the interactions between amyloid, RNA, and protein are both complex and cooperative, and the amyloid assemblages can function as protometabolic entities catalyzing the formation of simple metabolite precursors. The emergence of a pristine amyloid-based in-put sensitive, chiroselective, and error correcting information-processing system, and the evolvement of mutualistic networks were, arguably, of essential importance in the dynamic processes that led to increased complexity, organization, compartmentalization, and, eventually, the origin of life.
  • Semenyuk, Pavel; Tiainen, Tony; Hietala, Sami; Tenhu, Heikki; Aseyev, Vladimir; Muronetz, Vladimir (2019)
    Stabilization of the enzymes under stress conditions is of special interest for modern biochemistry, bioengineering, as well as for formulation and target delivery of protein-based drugs. Aiming to achieve an efficient stabilization at elevated temperature with no influence on the enzyme under normal conditions, we studied chaperone-like activity of thermoresponsive polymers based on poly(dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) (PDMAEMA) toward two different proteins, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and chicken egg lysozyme. The polymers has been shown to do not interact with the folded protein at room temperature but form a complex upon heating to either protein unfolding or polymer phase transition temperature. A PDMAEMA-PEO block copolymer with a dodecyl end-group (d-PDMAEMA-PEO) as well as PDMAEMA-PEO without the dodecyl groups protected the denatured protein against aggregation in contrast to PDMAEMA homopolymer. No effect of the polymers on the enzymatic activity of the client protein was observed at room temperature. The polymers also partially protected the enzyme against inactivation at high temperature. The results provide a platform for creation of artificial chaperones with unfolded protein recognition which is a major feature of natural chaperones. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.