Browsing by Subject "PROMINENCE"

Sort by: Order: Results:

Now showing items 1-5 of 5
  • Vainio, Martti; Suni, Antti; Aalto, Daniel (LPL - Laboratoire Parole et Langage, 2013)
    Wavelet based time frequency representations of various signals are shown to reliably represent perceptually relevant patterns at various spatial and temporal scales in a noise robust way. Here we present a wavelet based visualization and analysis tool for prosodic patterns, in particular intonation. The suitability of the method is assessed by comparing its predictions for word prominences against manual labels in a corpus of 900 sentences. In addition, the method’s potential for visualization is demonstrated by a few example sentences which are compared to more traditional visualization methods. Finally, some further applications are suggested and the limitations of the method are discussed.
  • Vainio, Martti; Järvikivi, Juhani (2007)
  • Bocci, Giuliano; Bianchi, Valentina; Cruschina, Silvio (2021)
    This paper addresses two long-standing issues concerning focus: first, the question of whether the focal interpretation is directly read off the prosodic structure of a sentence, or it is rather mediated by a [focus] feature encoded in the syntactic representation; second, whether interrogativewh-phrases are inherently endowed with a [focus] feature. We provide evidence from two prosodic experiments on directwh-questions in Italian, showing that the Nuclear Pitch Accent (NPA) and main stress fall on the lexical verb, without a concomitant focal interpretation of the latter. Furthermore, we show that NPA assignment is sensitive to the derivational history of thewh-phrase under short-distance vs. long-distance extraction. We account for the observed NPA distribution in terms of a [focus] feature which is bundled with the [wh] in direct questions, and is specified on each phase head that hosts in its edge one link of thewh-chain. Thus, v degrees is specified for the feature bundle {wh, focus} and attracts the assignment of the NPA, which is then realized on the lexical verb. Our findings, thus, cast doubt on the direct association between prosodic prominence and a focal interpretation.
  • Suni, Antti; Simko, Juraj; Aalto, Daniel; Vainio, Martti (2017)
    Prominences and boundaries are the essential constituents of prosodic struc- ture in speech. They provide for means to chunk the speech stream into linguis- tically relevant units by providing them with relative saliences and demarcating them within utterance structures. Prominences and boundaries have both been widely used in both basic research on prosody as well as in text-to-speech syn- thesis. However, there are no representation schemes that would provide for both estimating and modelling them in a unified fashion. Here we present an unsupervised unified account for estimating and representing prosodic promi- nences and boundaries using a scale-space analysis based on continuous wavelet transform. The methods are evaluated and compared to earlier work using the Boston University Radio News corpus. The results show that the proposed method is comparable with the best published supervised annotation methods.
  • Lynch, Benjamin J.; Palmerio, Erika; DeVore, C. Richard; Kazachenko, Maria D.; Dahlin, Joel T.; Pomoell, Jens; Kilpua, Emilia K. J. (2021)
    We present observations and modeling of the magnetic field configuration, morphology, and dynamics of a large-scale, high-latitude filament eruption observed by the Solar Dynamics Observatory. We analyze the 2015 July 9-10 filament eruption and the evolution of the resulting coronal mass ejection (CME) through the solar corona. The slow streamer-blowout CME leaves behind an elongated post-eruption arcade above the extended polarity inversion line that is only poorly visible in extreme ultraviolet (EUV) disk observations and does not resemble a typical bright flare-loop system. Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulation results from our data-inspired modeling of this eruption compare favorably with the EUV and white-light coronagraph observations. We estimate the reconnection flux from the simulation's flare-arcade growth and examine the magnetic-field orientation and evolution of the erupting prominence, highlighting the transition from an erupting sheared-arcade filament channel into a streamer-blowout flux-rope CME. Our results represent the first numerical modeling of a global-scale filament eruption where multiple ambiguous and complex observational signatures in EUV and white light can be fully understood and explained with the MHD simulation. In this context, our findings also suggest that the so-called stealth CME classification, as a driver of unexpected or "problem" geomagnetic storms, belongs more to a continuum of observable/nonobservable signatures than to separate or distinct eruption processes.