Browsing by Subject "Palveleva johtaminen"

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  • Muilu, Kaisa (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    Aims. It is important to study factors to manage work-related stress to get more tools to support sustainable ways of doing work and flourishing work environments. The purpose of this study was to examine what extent servant leadership, sense of community and workaholism are associated with burnout and recovery from work. Job Demands-Resources Model (Bakker & Demerouti, 2007) and Conservation of Resources Theory (Hobfoll, 2001) were used as a theoretical framework of the study. In this study servant leadership and sense of community were considered as resources and workaholism as a work-related demand. Previous studies have shown that servant leadership and sense of community are negatively associated with burnout, whereas no previous research exist focusing on the associations between servant leadership, sense of community and recovery. According to previous studies, workaholism is positively associated with burnout and negatively associated with recovery. In this study, following the JD-R model, it was hypothesized that servant leadership and sense of community are negatively associated with burnout and positively associated with recovery. In addition, it was also hypothesized that workaholism is associated positively with burnout and negatively with recovery. Methods. This study is a part of an occupational health study, in which three large organizations (N = 1415) were examined by using an e-mail questionnaire. The participants answered questions concerning burnout, recovery, servant leadership, community and workaholism. The data was analyzed using hierarchical regression analysis. Results and conclusions. The results showed that servant leadership and sense of community were negatively associated with burnout and positively associated with recovery. Workaholism was positively associated with burnout and negatively with recovery. As a conclusion, servant leadership and sense of community can serve as important social resources against burnout and support recovery from work. Thus, promoting servant leadership and employees’ sense of community might serve as advantages for organizations. In addition, it would be important to actively recognize workaholism to reduce its threat for employees’ well-being.