Browsing by Subject "Politics"

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  • Alava, Henni Leena (Brill, 2017)
    Youth in a Globalizing World
    This chapter analyses how the public discourse of ‘lost youth’ in post-war Acholiland manifests and is engaged with, particularly among well-educated Catholic and Protestant youngsters and young adults in the region who considered themselves ‘not lost’. I argue that the discourse of ‘lostness’ emerged in relation to my young informants’ disillusioned views on formal politics and the Ugandan state, and suggest that in distinguishing themselves from those who are ‘lost’, and in suggesting solutions to ‘lostness’, young Catholics and Protestants were expressing a particular kind of political agency: not being lost was seen as a prerequisite to being able to contribute to societal development and, ultimately, to being a politically engaged citizen. Finally, I demonstrate that, although the discourse of ‘lostness’ expressed a moral-panic type concern with the perceived uncontrollability of youth (Diouf 2003), embodying desires for rather conservative societal transformations, the discourse was also employed as a tool of critique against the ruling government.
  • Coccolini, Federico; Cicuttin, Enrico; Cremonini, Camilla; Tartaglia, Dario; Viaggi, Bruno; Kuriyama, Akira; Picetti, Edoardo; Ball, Chad; Abu-Zidan, Fikri; Ceresoli, Marco; Turri, Bruno; Jain, Sumita; Palombo, Carlo; Guirao, Xavier; Rodrigues, Gabriel; Gachabayov, Mahir; Machado, Fernando; Eftychios, Lostoridis; Kanj, Souha S.; Di Carlo, Isidoro; Di Saverio, Salomone; Khokha, Vladimir; Kirkpatrick, Andrew; Massalou, Damien; Forfori, Francesco; Corradi, Francesco; Delibegovic, Samir; Machain Vega, Gustavo M.; Fantoni, Massimo; Demetriades, Demetrios; Kapoor, Garima; Kluger, Yoram; Ansari, Shamshul; Maier, Ron; Leppaniemi, Ari; Hardcastle, Timothy; Vereczkei, Andras; Karamagioli, Evika; Pikoulis, Emmanouil; Pistello, Mauro; Sakakushev, Boris E.; Navsaria, Pradeep H.; Galeiras, Rita; Yahya, Ali I.; Osipov, Aleksei V.; Dimitrov, Evgeni; Doklestic, Krstina; Pisano, Michele; Malacarne, Paolo; Carcoforo, Paolo; Sibilla, Maria Grazia; Kryvoruchko, Igor A.; Bonavina, Luigi; Kim, Jae Il; Shelat, Vishal G.; Czepiel, Jacek; Maseda, Emilio; Marwah, Sanjay; Chirica, Mircea; Biancofiore, Giandomenico; Podda, Mauro; Cobianchi, Lorenzo; Ansaloni, Luca; Fugazzola, Paola; Seretis, Charalampos; Gomez, Carlos Augusto; Tumietto, Fabio; Malbrain, Manu; Reichert, Martin; Augustin, Goran; Amato, Bruno; Puzziello, Alessandro; Hecker, Andreas; Gemignani, Angelo; Isik, Arda; Cucchetti, Alessandro; Nacoti, Mirco; Kopelman, Doron; Mesina, Cristian; Ghannam, Wagih; Ben-Ishay, Offir; Dhingra, Sameer; Coimbra, Raul; Moore, Ernest E.; Cui, Yunfeng; Quiodettis, Martha A.; Bala, Miklosh; Testini, Mario; Diaz, Jose; Girardis, Massimo; Biffl, Walter L.; Hecker, Matthias; Sall, Ibrahima; Boggi, Ugo; Materazzi, Gabriele; Ghiadoni, Lorenzo; Matsumoto, Junichi; Zuidema, Wietse P.; Ivatury, Rao; Enani, Mushira A.; Litvin, Andrey; Al-Hasan, Majdi N.; Demetrashvili, Zaza; Baraket, Oussama; Ordonez, Carlos A.; Negoi, Ionut; Kiguba, Ronald; Memish, Ziad A.; Elmangory, Mutasim M.; Tolonen, Matti; Das, Korey; Ribeiro, Julival; O'Connor, Donal B.; Tan, Boun Kim; Van Goor, Harry; Baral, Suman; De Simone, Belinda; Corbella, Davide; Brambillasca, Pietro; Scaglione, Michelangelo; Basolo, Fulvio; De'Angelis, Nicola; Bendinelli, Cino; Weber, Dieter; Pagani, Leonardo; Monti, Cinzia; Baiocchi, Gianluca; Chiarugi, Massimo; Catena, Fausto; Sartelli, Massimo (2021)
    On January 2020, the WHO Director General declared that the outbreak constitutes a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. The world has faced a worldwide spread crisis and is still dealing with it. The present paper represents a white paper concerning the tough lessons we have learned from the COVID-19 pandemic. Thus, an international and heterogenous multidisciplinary panel of very differentiated people would like to share global experiences and lessons with all interested and especially those responsible for future healthcare decision making. With the present paper, international and heterogenous multidisciplinary panel of very differentiated people would like to share global experiences and lessons with all interested and especially those responsible for future healthcare decision making.
  • Kallinen, Timo (Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura, 2016)
    Studia Fennica Anthropologica
  • Kauko, Jaakko (2013)
    This article presents a model for analysing dynamics in higher education politics (DHEP). Theoretically the model draws on the conceptual history of political contingency, agenda-setting theories and previous research on higher education dynamics. According to the model, socio-historical complexity can best be analysed along two dimensions: the political situation and political possibilities. Politics as a situation connotes the idea of an opportune moment when politics can be changed, and political possibilities concern the different alternatives the actors see in different situations. Depending on whether the situation is favourable or unfavourable to change, and on whether the possibilities are politicised or settled, the DHEP model introduces four types of dynamic: reform, gridlock, consensual change and friction. On the empirical level the model has been tested and developed in the context of Finnish higher education by means of interviews and documentary material. It was found, in the Finnish context, that four policy threads functioned according to each of the dynamics. It appears from the empirical findings that dynamics in higher education politics are strongly related to changes that are external to the higher-education system, the changing positions of the actors in different policy threads and the unexpected nature of the dynamics. The DHEP can also be used to shed light on the effects of the silent, settled possibilities that may enable or disable other policy threads within a higher education system.
  • Alava, Henni Leena (Swedish Mission Council, 2016)
    What should development organisations take into account when considering whether to provide funding to a long-established church in the Global South, or to an organisation affiliated with such a church? Drawing on research in Northern Uganda, this article suggests that the key to addressing this question is in recognition of churches’ unique historical, social and religious embeddedness in local societies. From the point of view of donor organisations, this embeddedness is paradoxical: the same things that enable churches to ‘deliver development’ in an unusually effective and meaningful way, make churches appear as challenging grassroots partners for development. This is because the spiritual, historical and political embeddedness of churches makes the effects of their activities greater than of organisations lacking such embeddedness – whether those effects be ‘positive’ or ‘negative’. The notion of embeddedness draws attention to the need for donors to cease to think of churches in negative terms, as foreign impositions. The history of missionary churches is inseparably embroiled in the history of colonisation. However, the religious faiths and practices initially brought by missionaries to many parts of Africa are now an integral part of the life of many local adherents. Church members experience churches as their own – often much more so than they do the UN, NGOs, or secular discourses of human rights and development.
  • Kahlos, Maijastina (Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies, 2016)
    20
  • Heusala, Anna-Liisa (Routledge - Taylor & Francis Group, 2017)
    Routledge Contemporary Russia and Eastern Europe Series
  • Lönnqvist, Pamela (Helsingin yliopisto, 2000)
    This master’s thesis explores the paradox human rights that was identified by Hannah Arendt seventy years ago, which will be analysed in view of the critique presented by Jacques Rancière. Despite his critique, it is clear that Arendt has made a significant contribution to Rancière’s own thinking about human rights. Arendt is critical of the concept of human rights. Arendt emphasizes that a human being must be recognized as an equal legal and political subject of a political community in order to be able to effectively claim the rights. Arendt describes the loss of human rights as the loss of a meaningful place in the world and identifies a paradox, which questions the entire concept of human rights. According to Arendt, the most fundamental human right is “the right to have rights” that can be understood as the right to belong to a political community. According to Jacques Rancière, Arendt’s critique of human rights stems from the anti-political and archi-political features of her thinking. I suggest, following Andrew Schaap, that there are some features in Arendt’s thinking that can be interpreted as anti-democratic, but it does not mean that Arendt’s understanding of human rights is as problematic as Rancière suggests. According to Ayten Gündoğdu, Arendt’s understanding of human rights is not as paralyzing as Rancière argues. Rancière’s critique reflects his own understanding of the concepts of politics, the police, dissensus, the axiomatic principle of equality and the process of political subjectification. As Andrew Schaap has argued, despite their similarities, there are significant differences in Arendt’s and Rancière’s understanding of human rights, which appear when analyzing for instance example of the sans papier movement. This thesis has an introduction and six chapters. The second chapter introduces Hannah Arendt’s understanding of human rights and the human condition. The third chapter introduces Rancière’s critique of Arendt, and presents his understanding of the concepts of politics, the political, dissensus, the axiomatic principle of equality and the subject of human rights. The fourth chapter provides an analysis of the Aristotelian influence on Arendt and Rancière and the relevance of speech in their respective theoretical frameworks as well as an analysis of the concept of legal personhood. The fifth chapter provides an analysis of Rancière’s critique of Arendt, according to which she has adopted an archi-political position and a comparison of their respective theoretical frameworks in view of Andrew Schaap. The sixth chapter explores Ayten Gündoğdu’s aporetic reading of Arendt and the possibilities to rethink her understanding of human rights and her strict separation of the political and the social before providing the conclusions in the seventh chapter.
  • Khurtsidze, Giorgi (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    Main aim of this study is to understand the role of the church in Georgian politics, from start of the fall of the Soviet Union till the present days. How church gained power, how they behaved through different ruling parties, how they become from the poorest institution in Georgia to one of the most powerful and rich ones. How they communicate with state, do they interfere in states business, what is the relationship between state and church? All of these questions will be asked in thesis and answered feasibly. Main source materials of the thesis are, interviews with politicians and clerics as well as detailed analysis of newspaper articles, ombudsman annual reports, TV programs and financial data analysis from past 27 years. My thesis is unique in a way that not so much is written in academic circles in Georgia about church and state relationship, it was very hard to find credible book or research in this field, of course there are some works which I analyzed in detail, but as I mentioned this research is unique so it was very hard to gather and structure all the materials about church that was available. Even though it was very hard to find one clear answer, I think that reader will understand the role of the church in Georgian politics, after sixty pages I gradually came to an answer, church needs state and state needs church, even though sometimes both state and church denies, the involvement in one another business, through analysis of the facts and different cases, conclusion is the same every time, state and church are not fully separated in Georgia.
  • Brockhaus, Maria; Di Gregorio, Monica; Djoudi, Houria; Moeliono, Moira; Pham, Thuy Thu; Wong, Grace Yee (2021)
    Halting forest loss and achieving sustainable development in an equitable manner require state, non-state actors, and entire societies in the Global North and South to tackle deeply established patterns of inequality and power relations embedded in forest frontiers. Forest and climate governance in the Global South can provide an avenue for the transformational change needed—yet, does it? We analyse the politics and power in four cases of mitigation, adaptation, and development arenas. We use a political economy lens to explore the transformations taking place when climate policy meets specific forest frontiers in the Global South, where international, national and local institutions, interests, ideas, and information are at play. We argue that lasting and equitable outcomes will require a strong discursive shift within dominant institutions and among policy actors to redress policies that place responsibilities and burdens on local people in the Global South, while benefits from deforestation and maladaptation are taken elsewhere. What is missing is a shared transformational objective and priority to keep forests standing among all those involved from afar in the major forest frontiers in the tropics.
  • Gel'man, Vladimir (BHV-Peterburg, 2013)
    The book is devoted to analysis of causes and consequences of political regime changes in Russia after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. The book systematically examine in theoretical and comparative perspective various factors which affect these changes and contributed to authoritarian drift of the country. The author focus on the role of agency and interests and strategies of political actors in the process of authoritarian state building as well as challenges and constrains they faced in Russia and beyond, and discuss possible trajectories of further regimes changes in Russia against the background of global political trends.
  • Veas Perez de Tudela, Esther (Helsingin yliopisto, 2018)
    This master’s thesis sought to fill in two gaps: the lack of studies of gendered media representation of women politicians in Spain, and the way older women politicians are represented in the media. The 2015 Spanish municipal elections provided the perfect ground to study these two phenomena, as Manuela Carmena, who was 71 years old at the time, was elected mayor of Madrid, the capital of Spain. This paper dealt with a corpus of 183 newspaper articles in total, belonging to the two most read newspapers in Spain, El País and El Mundo, which mentioned Manuela Carmena in some capacity. Through a mixed methodology consisting of Qualitative Content Analysis and Critical Discourse Analysis, the articles were analysed through a feminist prism. Manuela Carmena’s mediated representation was shown to draw heavily from gendered tropes usually ascribed to women politicians, and a discourse of grandmotherhood underlined the way her image was constructed. However, there were some instances where Carmena was represented with more typically masculine traits, such as power or assertiveness, signifying perhaps a small improvement in the representation of women politicians.