Browsing by Subject "Primary health care"

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  • Paloneva, Juha; Koskela, Sanna; Kautiainen, Hannu; Vanhala, Mauno; Kiviranta, Ilkka (2013)
  • Lautamatti, E.; Sumanen, M.; Raivio, R.; Mattila, K. J. (2020)
    Background Satisfaction is a major element in assessing quality of care. It has decreased in Finland in recent decades as well as continuity of care. We investigated which demographic, health-related, and local health care service factors, especially continuity of care, are associated with the population's satisfaction with local health care services. Methods The data are part of the Health and Social Support (HeSSup) study's follow-up questionnaire in 2012. The study is based on a random Finnish population sample. Satisfaction was studied based on the question "How satisfied are you with your local health care services?" Demographic factors, obesity, self-assessed health status, depressive mood (BDI-12 questionnaire), New York Heart Association class, and chronic diseases were asked in the questionnaire. Questions describing local health care services were also presented. We assessed the association of an assigned and named GP and the respondents' proactivity in contacting the same doctor with satisfaction. We used crosstabulation and binary logistic regression in the analyses. Results The Health and Social Support study was answered in 2012 by 15,993 participants (45.4%) and majority (61.3%) was satisfied with their local health care services. An assigned and named GP (OR 1.79; 95% CI 1.67-1.92) and the respondent's proactivity in contacting the same doctor (OR 1.23; 95% CI 1.15-1.32) were associated with satisfaction in the adjusted multivariate analysis. BDI score <19 had the strongest association with satisfaction (OR 1.91; 95% CI 1.65-2.23). Older participants, males, and those in a relationship were more likely to be satisfied. Conclusions A named GP in primary care proved to have a positive correlation with patient satisfaction. Depression was associated with decreased satisfaction. A named GP indicates continuity of care, and it should be seriously considered when planning treatment for patients with chronic conditions.
  • Auvinen, Piritta; Mäntyselkä, Pekka; Koponen, Hannu; Kautiainen, Hannu; Korniloff, Katariina; Ahonen, Tiina; Vanhala, Mauno (2018)
    Background: Restless legs syndrome is a sensorimotor disorder associated with several mental illnesses particularly depression. Methods: A cross-sectional study of primary care patients. The prevalence of restless legs symptoms was studied in 706 patients with depressive symptoms and 426 controls without a psychiatric diagnosis by using a structured questionnaire. The depressive symptoms were evaluated with the BDI and the psychiatric diagnosis was confirmed by means of a diagnostic interview (M.I.N.I.). The subjects with elevated depressive symptoms were divided into two groups subjects with depressive symptoms with and without clinical depression. Results: The prevalence of restless legs symptoms was 24.8% in the controls, 50.0% in the patients with clinical depression and 42.4% in the patients with depressive symptoms. CRP value was significantly higher (p =.003) in the clinically depressed patients than in the other groups. There was a higher concentration of TNF-alpha in the subjects with restless legs symptoms (7.4 ng/l +/- 3.2) compared with the subjects without symptoms (6.7 ng/1 +/- 2.3)(p Conclusions: TNF-alpha level was associated with restless legs symptoms only among subjects with depressive symptoms whether they had clinical depression or not. We suggest that TNF-alpha could be an underlying factor between restless legs symptoms and comorbidities.
  • Nieminen, Markus; Atula, Timo; Bäck, Leif; Mäkitie, Antti; Jouhi, Lauri; Aro, Katri (2020)
    The incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)–associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is increasing. Patients with HPV-associated and HPV-unassociated OPSCC differ in many aspects, which may also impact their diagnostic and management timelines. This study aims at studying the patient, primary health care (PHC) and specialist-care (SC) delays and possible differences between these two patient groups in seeking medical care.
  • Nieminen, Markus; Atula, Timo; Bäck, Leif; Mäkitie, Antti; Jouhi, Lauri; Aro, Katri (BioMed Central, 2020)
    Abstract Background The incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)–associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is increasing. Patients with HPV-associated and HPV-unassociated OPSCC differ in many aspects, which may also impact their diagnostic and management timelines. This study aims at studying the patient, primary health care (PHC) and specialist-care (SC) delays and possible differences between these two patient groups in seeking medical care. Methods We reviewed all new patients with OPSCC treated between 2016 and 2018 at our institute, which covers a referral area of 1.6 million people. We collected data on patients’ symptoms and factors influencing why they sought medical care using a patient-reported questionnaire and hospital records. We compared delays based on patient and tumor characteristics. Results In our study population of 83 patients, the median patient delay was 30 days (range, 0–366), with a median PHC delay of 15 days (range, 0 days–2.5 years), and a median SC delay of 54 days (range, 12–231). The SC delay was further divided into diagnostic hospital delay and treatment delay, each with a median length of 16 days (range, 0–237) and 29 days (range, 0–73), respectively. Furthermore, we found that p16 status did not associate with delays. A longer patient delay associated with specific tumor factors, such as a larger primary tumor and a lower UICC 7th edition stage. Patients that had multiple visits or did not have a follow-up visit scheduled at the initial appointment had longer PHC delays. Treatment delay was significantly longer for patients scheduled for (chemo-)radiotherapy than for those undergoing surgery with or without (chemo-)radiotherapy. Conclusions Although delays remained short for the majority of OPSCC patients, long delays require further evaluation and improvement of management. Awareness of presenting symptoms among cancer risk patients and prompt referral practice or a follow-up visit at PHC represent key factors to shortening these delays. Ultimately, the causes for delays in SC appear multifactorial and require institutional quality control.
  • Laine, Merja K.; Kauppila, Timo; Honkasalo, Mikko; Raina, Marko; Eriksson, Johan G. (2018)
    Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of an individual intervention given by health care professionals to dropouts with type 2 diabetes (T2D) on their metabolic profile. Materials/methods: In 2010, we identified 356 T2D dropouts in Vantaa Health Centre, Finland. At the baseline visit the participants' status was assessed including laboratory tests. Diabetes counseling was given, and drug treatment was enhanced when needed. The follow-up visit was performed 13 to 30 months later including the same assessments as performed at the baseline visit. The dropouts who attended the follow-up visit formed the study group. One third (n = 115) of the dropouts participated in the follow-up visit. Results: The study participants (mean age 61.4 years) were older than the non-participants (mean age 58.5 years) (p = 0.009). After the intervention the proportion of participants with hemoglobin A1c >= 9% (75 mmol/mol) decreased from 15.5% to 5.2% (p = 0.004). Improvements were also observed in general in hemoglobin A1c, from 6.6% (49 mmol/mol) to 6.3% (45 mmol/mol) (p = 0.001), in total cholesterol, from 4.9 mmol/l to 4.5 mmol/l (p = 0.011), in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, from 2.9 mmol/l to 2.6 mmol/l (p = 0.015) and in diastolic blood pressure, from 90 mmHg to 84 mmHg (p = 0.001). Conclusions: Dropouts with T2D were difficult to bring back to the public health care system, especially men under the age of 60 years. Dropouts who participated in the intervention showed improvements in several metabolic outcomes. (c) 2017 Medical University of Bialystok. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Kauppila, Timo; Eriksson, Johan G.; Honkasalo, Mikko; Raina, Marko; Laine, Merja K. (2019)
    Aim: Previous study findings have shown that more frequent contacts with the diabetes care team predict better diabetes control. It is unknown whether this is true also for previous dropouts with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The aim of this study was to evaluate if those previous dropouts with T2D who succeeded to improve their glycaemic control had more frequent contacts with health care professionals in the public primary diabetes health care system than those dropouts who did not show improvement. Methods: In this "real life" retrospective cohort study, we identified 115 dropouts with T2D who were contacted by trained diabetes nurses and who returned to a public T2D-care system. Those previous dropouts who had baseline haemoglobin A(1c) >= 53 mmoVmol (7%) and had a reduction in HbA(1c) >= 6 mmol/mol (0.5%) during the follow-up were compared with those with unsatisfactory change in HbA(1c) (baseline HbA(1c) >= 53 mmoVmol and change Results: Previous dropouts showing improvement had more visits to the diabetes nurse (p = 0.003) and other nurses (p <0.001) than those with no improvement or those with satisfactory glycaemic control. Telephone calls not focusing on diabetes (p <0.001) were also more frequent among previous dropouts with improvement than among the others. Conclusions: Especially previous dropouts with T2D who had poor glycaemic control, may benefit from more frequent contacts including visits and telephone calls. Recalling dropouts does not seem to lead to overuse of the T2D care-system by those recalled patients whose glycaemic control does not require special care. (C) 2019 Primary Care Diabetes Europe. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Tusa, Nina; Koponen, Hannu; Kautiainen, Hannu; Korniloff, Katariina; Raatikainen, Ilkka; Elfving, Pia; Vanhala, Mauno; Mäntyselkä, Pekka (2019)
    Objective: To examine health service (HS) utilization profiles among a non-depressive population and patients with depressive symptoms (DS) with and without clinical depression. Design, subjects and setting: The study population was based on primary care patients with DS scoring >= 10 in the 21-item Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and who were at least 35 years old and had been referred to depression nurse case managers (n = 705). Their psychiatric diagnosis was confirmed with the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I.). Of these patients, 447 had clinical depression. The number of patients with DS without clinical depression was 258. The control group consisted of a random sample of 414 residents with a BDI score <10. Use of HS (visits and phone calls to a doctor and a nurse) was based on patient records. Main outcome measures: Number of visits and calls to physicians and nurses. Results: Patients with DS regardless of their depression diagnosis used primary health care (PHC) services three times more than the controls (p <0.001). In the secondary care, the differences were smaller but significant. Of the controls, 70% had 0-4 HS contacts per year whereas a majority of the patients having DS had more than 5 contacts per year. The number of contacts correlated with the BDI from a score of 0 to 10 but not as clearly in the higher scores. Conclusion: Depressive symptoms, both with or without clinical depression, are associated with increased HS use, especially in PHC. This study suggests that even mild depressive symptoms are associated with an increased use of HS.
  • Vuorjoki-Ranta, Tiina-Riitta; Aarab, Ghizlane; Lobbezoo, Frank; Tuomilehto, Henri; Ahlberg, Jari (2019)
    Purpose The aim was to analyze whether or not weight gain influences the treatment outcome of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) treated with mandibular advancement devices (MAD). Methods As a part of a follow-up study among OSA patients treated with MAD in primary oral health care, a group of 28 patients reporting worsening of daytime or nighttime symptoms of OSA was given closer examination. Altogether, 21 subjects had a complete set of recordings and were enrolled into the study. Results Only three subjects had lost weight during the study period. The mean weight gain of 3.6kg7.1kg was significant (p=0.035). According to linear regression, weight gain was independently significantly associated with lower mean peripheral oxygen saturation 92.4 (SD 1.8 (% per hour) (p=0.019)) and lowest oxygen saturation 80.1 (SD 7.2 (%) (p=0.024)) scores. Conclusions Weight gain is detrimentally associated with MAD treatment in patients with OSA. These findings suggest that regular follow-up by an experienced dentist is advisable to assess for possible worsening of OSA. Patient support to encourage weight control may be an important adjunct to MAD treatment for OSA.