Browsing by Subject "QUARK"

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  • Aidala, C.; Kim, D. J.; Krizek, F.; Novitzky, N.; Rak, J.; PHENIX Collaboration (2017)
    The fraction of J/psi mesons which come from B-meson decay, F-B -> J/psi is measured for J/psi rapidity 1.2 <|y| <2.2 and p(T) > 0 in p + p and Cu+Au collisions at root s(NN) = 200 GeV with the PHENIX detector. The extracted fraction is F-B -> J/psi = 0.025 +/- 0.006 (stat) +/- 0.010(syst) for p + p collisions. For Cu+Au collisions, F-B -> J/psi is 0.094 +/- 0.028(stat) +/- 0.037(syst) in the Au-going direction (-2.2 <y <-1.2) and 0.089 +/- 0.026(stat) +/- 0.040(syst) in the Cu-going direction (1.2 <y <2.2). The nuclear modification factor, R-CuAu,of B mesons in Cu+Au collisions is consistent with binary scaling of measured yields in p + p at both forward and backward rapidity.
  • Dumitru, Adrian; Mäntysaari, Heikki; Paatelainen, Risto (2021)
    Color charge correlators provide fundamental information about the proton structure. In this Letter, we evaluate numerically two-point color charge correlations in a proton on the light cone including the next-to-leading order corrections due to emission or exchange of a perturbative gluon. The non-perturbative valence quark structure of the proton is modelled in a way consistent with high-x proton structure data. Our results show that the correlator exhibits startlingly non-trivial behavior at large momentum transfer or central impact parameters, and that the color charge correlation depends not only on the impact parameter but also on the relative transverse momentum of the two gluon probes and their relative angle. Furthermore, from the two-point color charge correlator, we compute the dipole scattering amplitude. Its azimuthal dependence differs significantly from a impact parameter dependent McLerran-Venugopalan model based on geometry. Our results also provide initial conditions for Balitsky-Kovchegov evolution of the dipole scattering amplitude. These initial conditions depend not only on the impact parameter and dipole size vectors, but also on their relative angle and on the light-cone momentum fraction x in the target. (C) 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V.
  • Mäntysaari, Heikki; Mueller, Niklas; Schenke, Björn (2019)
    Experimental processes that are sensitive to partonWigner distributions provide a powerful tool to advance our understanding of proton structure. In this work, we compute gluon Wigner and Husimi distributions of protons within the color glass condensate framework, which includes a spatially dependent McLerran-Venugopalan initial configuration and the explicit numerical solution of the Jalilian-Marian-IancuMcLerran-Weigert-Leonidov-Kovner equations. We determine the leading anisotropy of the Wigner and Husimi distributions as a function of the angle between the impact parameter and transverse momentum. We study experimental signatures of these angular correlations at a proposed electron-ion collider by computing coherent diffractive dijet production cross sections in e + p collisions within the same framework. Specifically, we predict the elliptic modulation of the cross section as a function of the relative angle between the nucleon recoil and dijet transversemomentumfor a wide kinematical range. We further predict its dependence on the collision energy, which is dominated by the growth of the proton with decreasing x.
  • Paatelainen, R.; Eskola, K. J.; Niemi, H.; Tuominen, Kimmo Ilmari (2014)
  • Kajantie, K.; McLerran, Larry D.; Paatelainen, Risto (2019)
    We consider an initially at rest colored particle which is struck by an ultrarelativistic nucleus. The particle is treated classically with respect to both its motion and its color charge. The nucleus is treated as a sheet of colored glass within the context of the color glass condensate framework. We compute both the momentum and coordinates of the struck classical particle and the emitted radiation. Our computations generalize the classic electrodynamics computation of the radiation of an accelerated charged particle to include the radiation induced by the charged gluon field. This latter contribution adds to the classic electrodynamics result and produces a gluon rapidity distribution that is roughly constant as a function of rapidity at rapidities far from the fragmentation region of the struck particles. These computations may form the basis of a first principles treatment for the initial conditions for the evolution of matter produced in the fragmentation region of asymptotically high energy collisions.
  • The CMS collaboration; Sirunyan, A. M.; Tumasyan, A.; Eerola, P.; Forthomme, Laurent; Kirschenmann, H.; Österberg, K.; Voutilainen, M.; Brücken, Erik; Garcia, F.; Havukainen, J.; Heikkilä, J.K.; Karimäki, V.; Kim, Minsuk; Kinnunen, R.; Lampén, T.; Lassila-Perini, K.; Laurila, S.; Lehti, S.; Lindén, T.; Luukka, P.; Siikonen, H.; Tuominen, E.; Tuominiemi, J.; Tuuva, T. (2021)
    We present the first study of charged-hadron production associated with jets originating from b quarks in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV. The data sample used in this study was collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 27.4 pb(-1). To characterize the jet substructure, the differential jet shapes, defined as the normalized transverse momentum distribution of charged hadrons as a function of angular distance from the jet axis, are measured for b jets. In addition to the jet shapes, the per-jet yields of charged particles associated with b jets are also quantified, again as a function of the angular distance with respect to the jet axis. Extracted jet shape and particle yield distributions for b jets are compared with results for inclusive jets, as well as with the predictions from the pythia and herwig++ event generators.
  • Eskola, K. J.; Niemi, H.; Paatelainen, R.; Tuominen, K. (2018)
    We present the event-by-event next-to-leading-order perturbative-QCD + saturation + viscous hydrodynamics (EKRT) model predictions for the centrality dependence of the charged hadron multiplicity in the pseudorapidity interval |eta|
  • The CMS collaboration; Sirunyan, A. M.; Eerola, P.; Kirschenmann, H.; Pekkanen, J.; Voutilainen, M.; Havukainen, J.; Heikkilä, J. K.; Järvinen, T.; Karimäki, V.; Kinnunen, R.; Lampén, T.; Lassila-Perini, K.; Laurila, S.; Lehti, S.; Lindén, T.; Luukka, P.; Mäenpää, T.; Siikonen, H.; Tuominen, E.; Tuominiemi, J.; Tuuva, T. (2018)
    search is presented for physics beyond the standard model, based on measurements of dijet angular distributions in proton-proton collisions at root s = 13 TeV. The data collected with the CMS detector at the LHC correspond to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb(-1). The observed distributions, corrected to particle level, are found to be in agreement with predictions from perturbative quantum chromodynamics that include electroweak corrections. Constraints are placed on models containing quark contact interactions, extra spatial dimensions, quantum black holes, or dark matter, using the detector-level distributions. In a benchmark model where only left-handed quarks participate, contact interactions are excluded at the 95% confidence level up to a scale of 12.8 or 17.5 TeV, for destructive or constructive interference, respectively. The most stringent lower limits to date are set on the ultraviolet cutoff in the Arkani-Hamed-Dimopoulos-Dvali model of extra dimensions. In the Giudice-Rattazzi-Wells convention, the cutoff scale is excluded up to 10.1 TeV. The production of quantum black holes is excluded for masses below 5.9 and 8.2 TeV, depending on the model. For the first time, lower limits between 2.0 and 4.6 TeV are set on the mass of a dark matter mediator for (axial-)vector mediators, for the universal quark coupling g(q) = 1.0.
  • The CMS collaboration; Sirunyan, A. M.; Eerola, P.; Kirschenmann, H.; Pekkanen, J.; Voutilainen, M.; Havukainen, J.; Heikkilä, J. K.; Järvinen, T.; Karimäki, V.; Kinnunen, R.; Lampén, T.; Lassila-Perini, K.; Laurila, S.; Lehti, S.; Lindén, T.; Luukka, P.; Mäenpää, T.; Siikonen, H.; Tuominen, E.; Tuominiemi, J.; Tuuva, T. (2018)
    A search is presented for the associated production of a Higgs boson with a top quark pair in the all-jet final state. Events containing seven or more jets are selected from a sample of proton-proton collisions at root s = 13 TeV collected with the CMS detector at the LHC in 2016, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb(-1). To separate the t (t) over barH signal from the irreducible t (t) over bar + b (b) over bar background, the analysis assigns leading order matrix element signal and background probability densities to each event. A likelihood-ratio statistic based on these probability densities is used to extract the signal. The results are provided in terms of an observed t (t) over barH signal strength relative to the standard model production cross section mu = sigma/sigma(SM), assuming a Higgs boson mass of 125 GeV. The best fit value is (mu) over cap = 0.9 +/- 0.7(stat) +/- 1.3(syst) = 0.9 +/- 1.5 (tot), and the observed and expected upper limits are, respectively, mu <3.8 and <3.1 at 95% confidence levels.
  • Lappi, T.; Schenke, B.; Schlichting, S.; Venugopalan, R. (2016)
    We examine the origins of azimuthal correlations observed in high energy proton-nucleus collisions by considering the simple example of the scattering of uncorrelated partons off color fields in a large nucleus. We demonstrate how the physics of fluctuating color fields in the color glass condensate (CGC) effective theory generates these azimuthal multiparticle correlations and compute the corresponding Fourier coefficients v(n), within different CGC approximation schemes. We discuss in detail the qualitative and quantitative differences between the different schemes. We will show how a recently introduced color field domain model that captures key features of the observed azimuthal correlations can be understood in the CGC effective theory as a model of non-Gaussian correlations in the target nucleus.
  • Ducloue, B.; Iancu, E.; Lappi, T.; Mueller, A. H.; Soyez, G.; Triantafyllopoulos, D. N.; Zhu, Y. (2018)
    We address and solve a puzzle raised by a recent calculation [1] of the cross section for particle production in proton-nucleus collisions to next-to-leading order: the numerical results show an unreasonably large dependence upon the choice of a prescription for the QCD running coupling, which spoils the predictive power of the calculation. Specifically, the results obtained with a prescription formulated in the transverse coordinate space differ by 1 to 2 orders of magnitude from those obtained with a prescription in momentum space. We show that this discrepancy is an artifact of the interplay between the asymptotic freedom of QCD and the Fourier transform from coordinate space to momentum space. When used in coordinate space, the running coupling can act as a fictitious potential which mimics hard scattering and thus introduces a spurious contribution to the cross section. We identify a new coordinate-space prescription, which avoids this problem, and leads to results consistent with those obtained with the momentum-space prescription.