Browsing by Subject "QUARKONIUM PRODUCTION"

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  • The CMS collaboration; Sirunyan, A. M.; Eerola, P.; Forthomme, L.; Kirschenmann, H.; Österberg, K.; Voutilainen, M.; Brucken, E.; Garcia, F.; Havukainen, J.; Heikkilä, J. K.; Karimäki, V.; Kim, M. S.; Kinnunen, R.; Lampen, T.; Lassila-Perini, K.; Laurila, S.; Lehti, S.; Linden, T.; Luukka, P.; Siikonen, H.; Tuominen, E.; Tuominiemi, J.; Tuuva, T.; Viinikainen, J.; Pekkanen, J.; Tumasyan, A. (2020)
    The polarizations of promptly produced chi(c1) and chi(c2) mesons are studied using data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC, in proton-proton collisions at root s = 8 TeV. The chi(c) states are reconstructed via their radiative decays chi(c) -> J/psi gamma, with the photons being measured through conversions to e(+)e(-), which allows the two states to be well resolved. The polarizations are measured in the helicity frame, through the analysis of the chi(c2) to chi(c1) yield ratio as a function of the polar or azimuthal angle of the positive muon emitted in the J/psi -> mu(+)mu(-) decay, in three bins of J/psi transverse momentum. While no differences are seen between the two states in terms of azimuthal decay angle distributions, they are observed to have significantly different polar anisotropies. The measurement favors a scenario where at least one of the two states is strongly polarized along the hclicity quantization axis, in agreement with nonrelativistic quantum chromodynamics predictions. This is the first measurement of significantly polarized quarkonia produced at high transverse momentum.
  • Adam, J.; Brucken, E. J.; Chang, B.; Kim, D. J.; Mieskolainen, M. M.; Orava, R.; Rak, J.; Räsänen, S. S.; Snellman, T. W.; Trzaska, W. H.; The ALICE collaboration (2016)
    The elliptic flow of electrons from heavy-flavour hadron decays at mid-rapidity (|y| <0.7) is measured in Pb-Pb collisions at TeV with ALICE at the LHC. The particle azimuthal distribution with respect to the reaction plane can be parametrized with a Fourier expansion, where the second coefficient (v (2)) represents the elliptic flow. The v (2) coefficient of inclusive electrons is measured in three centrality classes (0-10%, 10-20% and 20-40%) with the event plane and the scalar product methods in the transverse momentum (p (T)) intervals 0.5-13 GeV/c and 0.5-8 GeV/c, respectively. After subtracting the background, mainly from photon conversions and Dalitz decays of neutral mesons, a positive v (2) of electrons from heavy-flavour hadron decays is observed in all centrality classes, with a maximum significance of 5.9 sigma in the interval 2 <p (T) <2.5 GeV/c in semi-central collisions (20-40%). The value of v (2) decreases towards more central collisions at low and intermediate p (T) (0.5 <p (T) <3 GeV/c). The v (2) of electrons from heavy-flavour hadron decays at mid-rapidity is found to be similar to the one of muons from heavy-flavour hadron decays at forward rapidity (2.5 <y <4). The results are described within uncertainties by model calculations including substantial elastic interactions of heavy quarks with an expanding strongly-interacting medium.
  • Acharya, S.; Brucken, E. J.; Chang, B.; Kim, D. J.; Litichevskyi, V.; Mieskolainen, M. M.; Orava, R.; Rak, J.; Räsänen, S. S.; Snellman, T. W.; Trzaska, W. H.; Viinikainen, J.; The ALICE collaboration (2017)
    We present results on transverse momentum (p(T)) and rapidity (y) differential production cross sections, mean transverse momentum and mean transverse momentum square of inclusive J/psi and psi(2S) at forward rapidity (2.5 <y <4) as well as psi(2S)-to-J/psi cross section ratios. These quantities are measured in pp collisions at center of mass energiesv root s = 5.02 and 13 TeV with the ALICE detector. Both charmonium states are reconstructed in the dimuon decay channel, using the muon spectrometer. Acomprehensive comparison to inclusive charmonium cross sections measured at root s = 2.76, 7 and 8 TeV is performed. A comparison to non-relativistic quantum chromodynamics and fixed-order next-to-leading logarithm calculations, which describe prompt and non-prompt charmonium production respectively, is also presented. A good description of the data is obtained over the full p(T) range, provided that both contributions are summed. In particular, it is found that for p(T) > 15 GeV/c the non-prompt contribution reaches up to 50% of the total charmonium yield.
  • The ALICE collaboration; Acharya, S.; Adamova, D.; Kim, D. J.; Krizek, F.; Molander, Mikael Andreas; Novitzky, Norbert; Onnerstad, A.; Parkkila, J. E.; Rytkönen, Heidi Maria; Räsänen, Sami; Saarimäki, Oskari Antti Matti; Slupecki, M.; Trzaska, W. H. (2021)
    We report on the inclusive J/psi production cross section measured at the CERN Large Hadron Collider in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy root s = 13 TeV. The J/psi mesons are reconstructed in the e(+)e(-) decay channel and the measurements are performed at midrapidity (vertical bar y vertical bar < 0.9) in the transverse-momentum interval 0 < p(T) < 40 GeV/c, using a minimum-bias data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity L-i(nt) = 32.2 nb(-1) and an Electromagnetic Calorimeter triggered data sample with L-i(nt) = 8.3 pb(-1). The p(T)-integrated J/psi production cross section at midrapidity, computed using the minimumbias data sample, is d sigma/dy vertical bar(y) =0 = 8.97 +/- 0.24 (stat) 0.48 (syst) +/- 0.15 (lumi) mu b. An approximate logarithmic dependence with the collision energy is suggested by these results and available world data, in agreement with model predictions. The integrated and p(T)-differential measurements are compared with measurements in pp collisions at lower energies and with several recent phenomenological calculations based on the non-relativistic QCD and Color Evaporation models.
  • The ALICE collaboration; Acharya, S.; Brücken, E. J.; Chang, B.; Hilden, T. E.; Kim, D. J.; Litichevskyi, V.; Mieskolainen, M. M.; Orava, R.; Parkkila, J. E.; Rak, J.; Räsänen, S. S.; Saarinen, S.; Slupecki, M.; Snellman, T. W.; Trzaska, W. H.; Vargyas, M.; Viinikainen, J. (2018)
    We report measurements of the production of prompt D-0, D+, D*+ and D TeV. For D mesons, the values of R-AA are larger than those of non-strange D mesons, but compatible within uncertainties. In central collisions the average R-AA of non-strange D mesons is compatible with that of charged particles for p 8 GeV/c, while it is larger at lower p(T). The nuclear modification factors for strange and non-strange D mesons are also compared to theoretical models with different implementations of in-medium energy loss.
  • The ALICE collaboration; Acharya, S.; Brucken, E. J.; Chang, B.; Hilden, T. E.; Kim, D. J.; Litichevskyi, V.; Mieskolainen, M. M.; Orava, R.; Parkkila, J. E.; Rak, J.; Räsänen, S. S.; Saarinen, S.; Slupecki, M.; Snellman, T. W.; Trzaska, W. H.; Vargyas, M.; Viinikainen, J. (2018)
    We report on the measurement of the inclusive J/psi polarization parameters in pp collisions at a center of mass energy root s = 8 TeV with the ALICE detector at the LHC. The analysis is based on a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.23 pb(-1) J/psi resonances are reconstructed in their di-muon decay channel in the rapidity interval 2.5 < y < 4.0 and over the transverse-momentum interval 2 < pT < 15 GeV/c. The three polarization parameters (lambda(theta), lambda(phi), lambda(theta phi)) are measured as a function of pT both in the helicity and Collins-Soper reference frames. The measured J/psi polarization parameters are found to be compatible with zero within uncertainties, contrary to expectations from all available predictions. The results are compared with the measurement in pp collisions at root s = 7 TeV.
  • The ALICE collaboration; Acharya, S.; Adamova, D.; Kim, D. J.; Krizek, F.; Molander, Mikael Andreas; Novitzky, Norbert; Onnerstad, A.; Parkkila, J. E.; Rytkönen, Heidi Maria; Räsänen, Sami; Saarimäki, Oskari Antti Matti; Slupecki, M.; Trzaska, W. H. (2022)
    The production of J/psi is measured at midrapidity (vertical bar y vertical bar < 0.9) in proton-proton collisions at root s = 5.02 and 13 TeV, through the dielectron decay channel, using the ALICE detector at the Large Hadron Collider. The data sets used for the analyses correspond to integrated luminosities of L-int = 19.4 +/- 0.4 nb(-1 )and L-int = 32.2 +/- 0.5 nb(-1) at root s = 5.02 and 13 TeV, respectively. The fraction of non-prompt J/psi mesons, i.e. those originating from the decay of beauty hadrons, is measured down to a transverse momentum p(T) = 2 GeV/c (1GeV/c) at root s = 5.02 TeV (13 TeV). The p(T) and rapidity (y) differential cross sections, as well as the corresponding values integrated over p(T) and y, are carried out separately for prompt and non-prompt J/psi mesons. The results are compared with measurements from other experiments and theoretical calculations based on quantum chromodynamics (QCD). The shapes of the p(T) and y distributions of beauty quarks predicted by state-of-the-art perturbative QCD models are used to extrapolate an estimate of the b (b) over bar pair cross section at midrapidity and in the total phase space. The total b (b) over bar cross sections are found to be sigma(b (b) over bar) = 541 +/- 45 (stat.) +/- 69 (syst.)(-12)(+10) (extr.) mu b and sigma(b (b) over bar) = 218 +/- 37 (stat.)+/- 31 (syst.)(-9.1)(+8.2) (extr.) mu b at root s = 13 and 5.02 TeV, respectively. The value obtained from the combination of ALICE and LHCb measurements in pp collisions at root s = 13 TeV is also provided.
  • The ALICE collaboration; Acharya, S.; Adamova, D.; Kim, D. J.; Krizek, F.; Novitzky, Norbert; Onnerstad, B.S.; Parkkila, J. E.; Rak, Jan; Rytkönen, Heidi Maria; Räsänen, Sami; Saarimäki, Oskari Antti Matti; Slupecki, M.; Trzaska, W. H. (2021)
    The production of Upsilon mesons in Pb-Pb collisions at a centre-of-mass energy per nucleon pair root S-NN = 5.02 TeV is measured with the muon spectrometer of the ALICE detector at the LHC. The yields as well as the nuclear modification factors are determined in the forward rapidity region 2.5 < y < 4.0, as a function of rapidity, transverse momentum and collision centrality. The results show that the production of the Upsilon(1S) meson is suppressed by a factor of about three with respect to the production in proton-proton collisions. For the first time, a significant signal for the Upsilon(2S) meson is observed at forward rapidity, indicating a suppression stronger by about a factor 2-3 with respect to the ground state. The measurements are compared with transport, hydrodynamic, comover and statistical hadronisation model calculations. (C) 2021 European Organization for Nuclear Research, ALICE. Published by Elsevier B.V.