Browsing by Subject "QUASARS"

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  • Valtonen, Mauri J.; Zola, Staszek; Pihajoki, Pauli; Enestam, Sissi; Lehto, Harry J.; Dey, Lankeswar; Gopakumar, Achamveedu; Drozdz, Marek; Ogloza, Waldemar; Zejmos, Michal; Gupta, Alok C.; Pursimo, Tapio; Ciprini, Stefano; Kidger, Mark; Nilsson, Kari; Berdyugin, Andrei; Piirola, Vilppu; Jermak, Helen; Hudec, Rene; Laine, Seppo (2019)
    In the binary black hole model of OJ. 287, the secondary black hole orbits a much more massive primary, and impacts on the primary accretion disk at predictable times. We update the parameters of the disk, the viscosity, alpha, and the mass accretion rate, . We find alpha = 0.26 +/- 0.1 and = 0.08 +/- 0.04 in Eddington units. The former value is consistent with Coroniti, and the latter with Marscher & Jorstad. Predictions are made for the 2019 July 30 superflare in OJ. 287. We expect that it will take place simultaneously at the Spitzer infrared channels, as well as in the optical, and that therefore the timing of the flare in optical can be accurately determined from Spitzer observations. We also discuss in detail the light curve of the 2015 flare, and find that the radiating volume has regions where bremsstrahlung dominates, as well as regions that radiate primarily in synchrotron radiation. The former region produces the unpolarized first flare, while the latter region gives rise to a highly polarized second flare.
  • Comparat, J.; Merloni, A.; Salvato, M.; Nandra, K.; Boller, T.; Georgakakis, A.; Finoguenov, A.; Dwelly, T.; Buchner, J.; Del Moro, A.; Clerc, N.; Wang, Y.; Zhao, G.; Prada, F.; Yepes, G.; Brusa, M.; Krumpe, M.; Liu, T. (2019)
    In the context of the upcoming SRG/eROSITA survey, we present an N-body simulation-based mock catalogue for X-ray-selected active galactic nucleus (AGN) samples. The model reproduces the observed hard X-ray AGN luminosity function (XLF) and the soft X-ray logN-logS from redshift 0 to 6. The XLF is reproduced to within +/- 5 per cent and the logN-logS to within +/- 20 per cent. We develop a joint X-ray - optical extinction and classification model. We adopt a set of empirical spectral energy distributions to predict observed magnitudes in the UV, optical, and NIR. With the latest eROSITA all sky survey sensitivity model, we create a high-fidelity full-sky mock catalogue of X-ray AGN. It predicts their distributions in right ascension, declination, redshift, and fluxes. Using empirical medium resolution optical spectral templates and an exposure time calculator, we find that 1.1 x 10(6) (4 x 10(5)) fibre-hours are needed to follow-up spectroscopically from the ground the detected X-ray AGN with an optical magnitude 21 <r <22.8 (22.8 <r <25) with a 4-m (8-m) class multiobject spectroscopic facility. We find that future clustering studies will measure the AGN bias to the per cent level at redshift z <1.2 and should discriminate possible scenarios of galaxy-AGN co-evolution. We predict the accuracy to which the baryon acoustic oscillation standard ruler will be measured using X-ray AGN: better than 3 per cent for AGN between redshift 0.5 to 3 and better than 1 per cent using the Ly alpha forest of X-ray QSOs discovered between redshift 2 and 3. eROSITA will provide an outstanding set of targets for future galaxy evolution and cosmological studies.
  • Daddi, E.; Rich, R. M.; Valentino, F.; Jin, S.; Delvecchio, I.; Liu, D.; Strazzullo, V.; Neill, J.; Gobat, R.; Finoguenov, A.; Bournaud, F.; Elbaz, D.; Kalita, B. S.; O'Sullivan, D.; Wang, T. (2022)
    We present Keck Cosmic Web Imager observations of giant Ly alpha halos surrounding nine galaxy groups and clusters at 2 < z < 3.3, including five new detections and one upper limit. We find observational evidence for the cold-stream to hot-accretion transition predicted by theory by measuring a decrease in the ratio between the spatially extended Ly alpha luminosity and the expected baryonic accretion rate (BAR), with increasing elongation above the transition mass (M-stream). This implies a modulation of the share of BAR that remains cold, diminishing quasi-linearly (logarithmic slope of 0.97 +/- 0.19, 5 sigma significance) with the halo to M-stream mass ratio. The integrated star formation rates (SFRs) and active galactic nucleus (AGN) bolometric luminosities display a potentially consistent decrease, albeit significant only at 2.6 sigma and 1.3 sigma, respectively. The higher scatter in these tracers suggests the Ly alpha emission might be mostly a direct product of cold accretion in these structures rather than indirect, mediated by outflows and photoionization from SFR and AGNs; this is also supported by energetics considerations. Below M-stream (cold-stream regime), we measure L (Ly alpha) /BAR = 10(40.51 +/- 0.16) erg s(-1) M-circle dot(-1) yr, consistent with predictions, and SFR/BAR = 10(-0.54 +/- 0.23): on average, 30(-10)(+20) M-stream (hot-accretion regime), L-Ly alpha is set by M-stream (within 0.2 dex scatter in our sample), independent of the halo mass but rising 10-fold from z = 2 to 3.
  • McAlpine, Stuart; Harrison, Chris M.; Rosario, David J.; Alexander, David M.; Ellison, Sara L.; Johansson, Peter H.; Patton, David R. (2020)
    We investigate the connection between galaxy-galaxy mergers and enhanced black hole (BH) growth using the cosmological hydrodynamical EAGLE simulation. We do this via three methods of analysis, investigating: the merger fraction of AGN, the AGN fraction of merging systems, and the AGN fraction of galaxies with close companions. In each case, we find an increased abundance of AGN within merging systems relative to control samples of inactive or isolated galaxies (by up to a factor of approximate to 3 depending on the analysis method used), confirming that mergers are enhancing BH accretion rates for at least a subset of the galaxy population. The greatest excess of AGN triggered via a merger are found in lower mass (M-* similar to 10(10) M-circle dot) gas rich (f(gas) > 0.2) central galaxies with lower mass BHs (M-BH similar to 10(7) M-circle dot) at lower redshifts (z <1). We find no enhancement of AGN triggered via mergers in more massive galaxies (M-* greater than or similar to 10(11) M-circle dot). The enhancement of AGN is not uniform throughout the phases of a merger, and instead peaks within the early remnants of merging systems (typically lagging approximate to 300 Myr post-coalescence of the two galaxies at z = 0.5). We argue that neither major (M-*,M-1/M-*,M-2 = 1/4) nor minor mergers (1/10 <M-*,M-1/M-*,M-2 <1/4) are statistically relevant for enhancing BH masses globally. Whilst at all redshifts the galaxies experiencing a merger have accretion rates that are on average 2-3 times that of isolated galaxies, the majority of mass that is accreted on to BHs occurs outside the periods of a merger. We compute that on average no more than 15 per cent of a BHs final day mass comes from the enhanced accretion rates triggered via a merger.