Browsing by Subject "Rapid response team"

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  • Tirkkonen, Joonas; Skrifvars, Markus B.; Parr, Michael; Tamminen, Tero; Aneman, Anders (2020)
    Aim: To investigate in-hospital cardiac arrests (IHCAs) according to the Ustein template in hospitals with mature systems utilizing rapid response teams (RRTs), with a special reference to preceding RRT factors and factors associated with a favourable neurological outcome (cerebral performance category (CPC) 1-2) at hospital discharge. Methods: Multicentre, retrospective cohort study between 2017-2018 including two Finnish and one Australian university affiliated tertiary hospitals. Results: A total 309 IHCAs occurred with an incidence of 0.78 arrests per 1000 hospital admissions. The median age of the patients was 72 years, 63% were male and 73% had previously lived a fully independent life with a median Charlson comorbidity index of two. Before the IHCA, 16% of the patients had been reviewed by RRTs and 26% of the patients fulfilled RRT activation criteria in the preceding 8 h of the IHCA. Return of spontaneous circulation was achieved in 53% of the patients and 28% were discharged from hospital with CPC 1-2. In a multivariable model, younger age, no pre-arrest RRT criteria, arrest in normal work hours, witnessed arrest and shockable initial rhythm were independently associated with CPC 1-2 at hospital discharge. Conclusions: In hospitals with mature rapid response systems most IHCA patients live a fully independent life with low burden of comorbid diseases before their hospital admission, the IHCA incidence is low and outcome better than traditionally believed. Deterioration before IHCA is present in a significant number of patients and improved monitoring and earlier interventions may further improve outcomes.
  • Tirkkonen, Joonas; Karlsson, Sari; Skrifvars, Markus B (BioMed Central, 2019)
    Abstract Background The national early warning score (NEWS) enables early detection of in-hospital patient deterioration and timely activation of hospital’s rapid response team (RRT). NEWS was updated in 2017 to include a separate SpO2 scale for those patients with type II respiratory failure (T2RF). In this study we investigated whether NEWS with and without the new SpO2 scale for the T2RF patients is associated with immediate and in-hospital patient outcomes among the patients actually attended by the RRT. Methods We conducted a two-year prospective observational study including all adult RRT patients without limitations of medical treatment (LOMT) in a large Finnish university associated tertiary level hospital. According to the first vital signs measured by the RRT, we calculated NEWSs for the RRT patients and further utilized the new SpO2 scale for the patients with confirmed T2RF. We used multivariate logistic regression and area under the receiver operating characteristic analyses to test NEWS’s accuracy to predict two distinct outcomes: RRT patient’s I) immediate need for intensive care and/or new LOMT and 2) in-hospital death or discharge with cerebral performance category >2 and/or LOMT. Results The final cohort consisted of 886 RRT patients attended for the first time during their hospitalization. Most common reasons for RRT activation were respiratory (343, 39%) and circulatory (226, 26%) problems. Cohort’s median (Q1, Q3) NEWS at RRT arrival was 8 (5, 10) and remained unchanged if the new SpO2 scale was applied for the 104 patients with confirmed T2RF. Higher NEWS was independently associated with both immediate (OR 1.28; 95% CI 1.22–1.35) and in-hospital (1.15; 1.10–1.21) adverse outcomes. Further, NEWS had fair discrimination for both the immediate (AUROC 0.73; 0.69–0.77) and in-hospital (0.68; 0.64–0.72) outcomes. Utilizing the new SpO2 scale for the patients with confirmed T2RF did not improve the discrimination capability (0.73; 0.69–0.76 and 0.68; 0.64–0.71) for these outcomes, respectively. Conclusions We found that in patients attended by a RRT, the NEWS predicts patient’s hospital outcome with moderate accuracy. We did not find any improvement using the new SpO2 scale in T2RF patients.
  • Tirkkonen, Joonas; Tamminen, Tero; Skrifvars, Markus B. (2017)
    Background: An abundance of studies have investigated the impact of rapid response teams (RRTs) on in-hospital cardiac arrest rates. However, existing RRT data appear highly variable in terms of both study quality and reported uses of limitations of care, patient survival and patient long-term outcome. Methods: A systematic electronic literature search (January, 1990-March, 2016) of the PubMed and Cochrane databases was performed. Bibliographies of articles included in the full-text review were searched for additional studies. A predefined RRT cohort quality score (range 0-17) was used to evaluate studies independently by two reviewers. Results: Twenty-nine studies with a total of 157,383 RRT activations were included in this review. The quality of data reporting related to RRT patients was assessed as modest, with a median quality score of 8 (range 2-11). Data from the included studies indicate that a median 8.1% of RRT reviews result in limitations of medical treatment (range 2.1-25%) and 23% (8.2-56%) result in a transfer to intensive care. A median of 29% (6.9-35%) of patients transferred to intensive care died during that admission. The median hospital mortality of patients reviewed by RRT is 26% (12-60%), and the median 30-day mortality rate is 29% (8-39%). Data on long-term survival is minimal. No data on functional outcomes was identified. Conclusions: Patients reviewed by rapid response teams have a high and variable mortality rate, and limitations of care are commonly used. Data on the long-term outcomes of RRT are lacking and needed. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.