Browsing by Subject "Rasopathy"

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  • Leppävirta, Jussi; Kallionpaa, Roope A.; Uusitalo, Elina; Vahlberg, Tero; Pöyhönen, Minna; Peltonen, Juha; Peltonen, Sirkku (2018)
    Background: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a dominantly inherited Rasopathy caused by mutations in the NF1 gene on chromosome 17. NF1 has been connected to congenital anomalies, e.g., in the skeletal and cardiovascular systems, but the overall incidence of anomalies is unknown. In this retrospective register-based total population study conducted in Finland, the congenital anomalies in NF1 were evaluated. Methods: One thousand four hundred ten patients with NF1 were identified by searching the medical records related to inpatient and outpatient hospital visits of patients with an associated diagnosis for NF1 in 1987-2011. Each diagnosis was confirmed by a thorough review of the medical records. Ten non-NF1 control persons per NF1 patient were collected from the Population Register Centre. NF1 patients and controls were linked to the Medical Birth Register and the Register of Congenital Malformations. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for major congenital anomalies (MCA) were calculated. Results: The OR for at least one MCA among NF1 children was almost threefold (adjusted OR 2.78, 95% CI 1.71-4.54) compared to controls matched for age, sex and municipality. NF1 children had a significantly increased risk of congenital anomalies in the circulatory (adjusted OR 3.35, 95% CI 1.64-6.83), urinary (adjusted OR 4.26, 95% CI 1.36-13.35) and musculoskeletal (adjusted OR 2.77, 95% CI 1.09-7.02) systems. Also, anomalies of the eye, ear, head and neck were more common among NF1 children than controls (adjusted OR 4.66, 95% CI 1.42-15.31). Non-NF1 children of mothers with NF1 did not have more anomalies than controls (adjusted OR 0.53, 95% CI 0.13-2.21). Conclusions: Children with NF1 have more MCAs than controls and close follow-up during pregnancy and the neonatal period is required if the mother or father has NF1. Non-NF1 children of mothers with NF1 do not have an increased risk for anomalies.
  • Leppävirta, Jussi; Kallionpää, Roope A.; Uusitalo, Elina; Vahlberg, Tero; Pöyhönen, Minna; Peltonen, Juha; Peltonen, Sirkku (2019)
    Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is associated with reduced adult height, but there are no cohort studies on birth size. This retrospective study includes a cohort of 1,410 persons with NF1 and a matched comparison cohort from the general population. Figures for birth size were retrieved from the administrative registers of Finland, and the data were converted to standard deviation scores (SDS), defined as standard deviation difference to the reference population. The birth weight among infants with NF1 was higher than among infants without the disorder (adjusted mean difference [95% confidence interval]: 0.53 SDS [0.19-0.87]), as was the head circumference at birth (0.58 SDS [0.26-0.90]). The birth length of the NF1 infants did not differ significantly from the comparison cohort. The birth weight in the group consisting of NF1 and non-NF1 infants of NF1 mothers was lower than among infants of mothers in the comparison cohort (-0.28 SDS [-0.51 to -0.06]), as was the birth length (-0.22 SDS [-0.45 to 0.00]). In conclusion, the birth weight and head circumference of persons with NF1 are significantly higher than those of persons without the disorder. NF1 of the mother reduces birth weight and birth length of the infant.