Browsing by Subject "Refugees"

Sort by: Order: Results:

Now showing items 1-10 of 10
  • Seppälä, Tiina; Nykänen, Tapio; Koikkalainen, Saara; Mikkonen, Enni; Rainio, Minna (2020)
    This article analyses the ‘European refugee crisis’ in the context of Northern Finland, building on the concepts of exceptionality and affect. Conventionally, exceptionality is conceptualised from the perspective of the state that does not enable analysing exceptional situations in their broader social context. A shift in focus is required to understand how people perceive and experience exceptionality and what kinds of affects this involves. Based on participatory engagement and in-depth interviews with asylum-seekers living in reception centres in Northern Finland and local residents in their neighbourhood, our analysis demonstrates that exceptionality gains diverse meanings in different contexts. We propose affective exceptionality as a conceptual tool for analysing affects in transformational situations in which people’s sense of the ‘normal’ becomes disrupted and illustrate how placing emphasis on subjects who experience and embody exceptionality in their everyday lives enables a more nuanced understanding of exceptionality, centralising the people instead of the state.
  • Määttä, Simo K.; Puumala, Eeva; Ylikomi, Riitta (2021)
    This article analyzes three video-recorded asylum interviews, their written records and the corresponding decisions by the Finnish Immigration Service. The goal is to identify the causes and consequences of vulnerability in instances that are particularly important when assessing whether the asylum seeker has a well-grounded fear of persecution. A combination of linguistic, psychological and epistemic perspectives on vulnerability shows that these three dimensions are closely intertwined in asylum interviews. Linguistic vulnerability is linked for the most part to interpreting, whereas psychological vulnerability stems from the difficulty in recounting traumatic experiences. Both linguistic and psychological vulnerabilities are central forces that also lead to epistemic vulnerability. Epistemic vulnerability, we claim, gives rise to certain practices within the asylum procedure, which again represents the materialization of the discourses of reporting, truth and credibility.
  • Tuomisto, Karolina; Tiittala, Paula; Keskimäki, Ilmo; Helve, Otto (2019)
    In 2015 Finland received an unprecedented number of asylum seekers, ten times more than in any previous year. This surge took place at a time the Finnish Government was busily undergoing a wide-range health and social care reform amid growing nationalist and populist sentiments. Our aim is to explore the governance of a parallel health system for asylum seekers with a right-to-health approach. We concentrated on three right to health features most related to the governance of asylum seeker health care, namely Formal recognition of the right to health, Standards and Coordination mechanisms. Through our qualitative review, we identified three major hurdles in the governance of the system for asylum seekers: 1) Ineffectual and reactive national level coordination and stewardship; 2) Inadequate legislative and supervisory frameworks leading to ineffective governance; 3) Discrepancies between constitutional rights to health, legal entitlements to services and guidance available. This first-time large-scale implementation of the policies exposed weaknesses in the legal framework and the parallel health system. We recommend the removal of the parallel system and the integration of asylum seekers' health services to the national public health care system. (C) 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.
  • Ogola, Winfrith Hikloch (2002)
    A vicious circle of refugee influxes, resource scarcities and violent conflicts characterises most of the current social violence in Africa. How does large refugee influxes cause severe resource scarcity in the refugee host countries? How do the resource scarcities lead to violent conflicts which eventually turn both refugees and poor rural hosts against the states of host countries? Using both qualitative methods and participatory approaches, this research argues that large refugee influxes exacerbate scarcity of natural and social resources in a refugee host country. The resulting resource scarcities in the host country lead to failures to invent solutions to intertwined development problems. This ingenuity gap in turn disrupts market forces, prevents technological innovations and renders the host country incapable of adapting to resource scarcities. Although the research associates violent conflict to resource scarcity, it concludes that resource-induced violent conflicts usually occur in conjunction with other factors such as: (1) A total neglect of rural agricultural producers; (2) State failure to meet development expectations of its people; (3) A widespread of small arms in the hands of opposing groups and ; (4) A history of repeated internal violent conflicts. Resource-induced conflicts tend to be persistent either because of slow action from the international community or due to exploitative political and economic interests of external countries gaining from the conflict situation. Two comparative case studies are used to illustrate why and how very large refugee influxes from Rwanda led to high resource scarcities and eventually violent conflict that changed the regime in the neighbouring Democratic Republic of Congo (former Zaire) but did not do so in neighbouring Tanzania.
  • Lehti, Venla; Antas, Benita; Kärnä, Teemu; Tuisku, Katinka (2016)
  • Hytönen, Jukka; Khawaja, Tamim; Grönroos, Juha O.; Jalava, Anna; Meri, Seppo; Oksi, Jarmo (2016)
  • Kantele, Anu; Siikamäki, Heli; Virolainen-Julkunen, Anni; Keistinen, Timo (2016)
  • Kantele, Anu; Siikamäki, Heli; Keistinen, Timo; Virolainen-Julkunen, Anni (2016)