Browsing by Subject "Registries"

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  • Lunkka, Pipsa; Malila, Nea; Ryynänen, Heidi; Heikkinen, Sanna; Sallinen, Ville; Koskenvuo, Laura (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    Background: The population-based Finnish Cancer Registry (FCR) is an important resource for research and healthcare politics in Finland. The aim of this study was to validate the accuracy of the colorectal cancer (CRC) data within the FCR. Material and Methods: FCR data is based on independent cancer report forms (CRFs) from both clinicians and pathologists. Data from patients diagnosed with CRC during a randomized, population-based CRC screening program between 2004 and 2012 were extracted from the FCR and compared to data extracted from the original clinical patient records of these individuals by two gastrointestinal surgeons. The study focused on tumour characteristics and primary treatment. Accuracy was measured by calculating Cohen´s kappa coefficient (k), which considers the possibility of agreement by chance. Results: Altogether, 1475 patients were studied. k was 0.74 for stage, 0.87 for tumour location (right/left), 0.78 for a more detailed location, 0.72 for tumour histology, 0.46 for surgical removal of the primary tumour, and 0.43 for chemotherapy. Among those who underwent surgery, the radicality of surgical treatment had a k of 0.24. In total, 173 (12%) patients were lacking a CRF from a clinician. Conclusion: The FCR data had good accuracy regarding tumour characteristics, but poor accuracy in treatment information. The main reason for this suboptimal accuracy was missing CRFs from treating clinicians. Awareness of these findings is crucial when research and decision making is based on FCR data. Measures have since been taken to improve the completeness of FCR recording.
  • Helanterä, Ilkka; Ibrahim, Hassan N.; Lempinen, Marko; Finne, Patrik (2020)
    Background and objectives Increased donor age is one of the most important risk factors for delayed graft function (DGF), and previous studies suggest that the harmful effect of cold ischemia time is increased in kidneys from older donors. Our aim was to study the association of increased donor age and cold ischemia time with the risk of delayed graft function in a large cohort kidney transplants from the current era. Design, setting, participants, & measurements The Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients was used for this observational, retrospective registry analysis to identify all deceased donor kidney transplantations in the United States between 2010 and September 2018, who were on dialysis pretransplantation (n=90,810). The association of donor age and cold ischemia time with the risk of DGF was analyzed in multivariable models adjusted for recipient characteristics (age, race, sex, diabetes, calculated panel-reactive antibodies, pretransplant dialysis duration) and donor characteristics (cause of death, sex, race, body mass index, creatinine, donation after circulatory death status, history of hypertension, and HLA mismatch). Results Cold ischemia time and donor age were independently associated with the risk of DGF, but the risk of DGF was not statistically significantly lower in donor age categories between 50 and 64 years, compared with donors ?65 years. The harmful association of cold ischemia time was not higher in kidneys from older donors in any age category, not even among donation after circulatory death donors. When donor risk was assessed with kidney donor profile index, although a statistically significant interaction with cold ischemia time was found, no practically meaningful increase in cold-ischemia susceptibility of kidneys with a high kidney donor profile index was found. Conclusions We were unable to demonstrate an association between donor age and DGF. The association of longer cold ischemia time with the risk of DGF was not magnified in older or more marginal donors.
  • Seppänen, Mikko; Lukkarinen, Heikki (2016)
  • Heikinheimo, Oskari; Apter, Dan (2018)
  • Elfving, Pia; Puolakka, Kari; Rantalaiho, Vappu; Kautiainen, Hannu; Virta, Lauri J.; Kaipiainen-Seppänen, Oili (2018)
    Objectives of this study were to examine work disability (WD) and its leading causes in incident SLE patients. Data were derived from the Finnish nationwide registries to identify all non-retired, 18 to 64-year-old incident SLE patients between 2000 and 2007. Sick benefits and WD pensions and the causes for them were monitored until the end of 2008. A total of 446 working-aged, incident SLE patients available for work force (mean age 42 +/- 13 years, 89% females) were found. During the follow-up (median 5.3 years), WD pension was granted to 27 patients. The most common cause was SLE itself (14 patients, 52%), with cumulative incidence of 3.4% (95% CI 1.9 to 5.8) in 5 years and 5.0% (95% CI 3.0 to 8.5) in 8 years, followed by musculoskeletal and psychiatric causes. The age- and sex- adjusted incidence ratio for WD pension in SLE patients due to any cause was 5.4 (95% CI 3.7 to 7.9) compared to the Finnish population. The mean number of WD days was 32 (95% CI 28 to 35) per patient-year among all SLE patients during the follow-up. The study concludes that SLE patients have an increased risk for WD already in early course of the disease.
  • Behrendt, Christian-Alexander; Bertges, Daniel; Eldrup, Nikolaj; Beck, Adam W.; Mani, Kevin; Venermo, Maarit; Szeberin, Zoltan; Menyhei, Gabor; Thomson, Ian; Heller, Georg; Wigger, Pius; Danielsson, Gudmundur; Galzerano, Giuseppe; Lopez, Cristina; Altreuther, Martin; Sigvant, Birgitta; Riess, Henrik C.; Sedrakyan, Art; Beiles, Barry; Bjorck, Martin; Boyle, Jonathan R.; Debus, E. Sebastian; Cronenwett, Jack (2018)
    Objective/Background: To achieve consensus on the minimum core data set for evaluation of peripheral arterial revascularisation outcomes and enable collaboration among international registries. Methods: A modified Delphi approach was used to achieve consensus among international vascular surgeons and registry members of the International Consortium of Vascular Registries (ICVR). Variables, including definitions, from registries covering open and endovascular surgery, representing 14 countries in ICVR, were collected and analysed to define a minimum core data set and to develop an optimum data set for registries. Up to three different levels of variable specification were suggested to allow inclusion of registries with simpler versus more complex data capture, while still allowing for data aggregation based on harmonised core definitions. Results: Among 31 invited experts, 25 completed five Delphi rounds via internet exchange and face to face discussions. In total, 187 different items from the various registry data forms were identified for potential inclusion in the recommended data set. Ultimately, 79 items were recommended for inclusion in minimum core data sets, including 65 items in the level 1 data set, and an additional 14 items in the more specific level 2 and 3 recommended data sets. Data elements were broadly divided into (i) patient characteristics; (ii) comorbidities; (iii) current medications; (iv) lesion treated; (v) procedure; (vi) bypass; (vii) endarterectomy (viii) catheter based intervention; (ix) complications; and (x) follow up. Conclusion: A modified Delphi study allowed 25 international vascular registry experts to achieve a consensus recommendation for a minimum core data set and an optimum data set for peripheral arterial revascularisation registries. Continued global harmonisation of registry infrastructure and definition of items will overcome limitations related to single country investigations and enhance the development of real world evidence. (C) 2018 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Behrendt, Christian-Alexander; Sigvant, Birgitta; Szeberin, Zoltan; Beiles, Barry; Eldrup, Nikolaj; Thomson, Ian A.; Venermo, Maarit; Altreuther, Martin; Menyhei, Gabor; Nordanstig, Joakim; Clarke, Mike; Riess, Henrik Christian; Björck, Martin; Debus, Eike Sebastian (2018)
    Objectives: To study international differences in incidence and practice patterns as well as time trends in lower limb amputations related to peripheral arterial disease and/or diabetes mellitus. Methods: Data on lower limb amputations during 2010-2014 were collected from population based administrative data from countries in Europe and Australasia participating in the VASCUNET collaboration. Amputation rates, time trends, in hospital or 30 day mortality and reimbursement systems were analysed. Results: Data from 12 countries covering 259 million inhabitants in 2014 were included. Individuals aged >= 65 years ranged from 12.9% (Slovakia) to 20.7% (Germany) and diabetes prevalence among amputees from 25.7% (Finland) to 74.3% (Slovakia). The mean incidence of major amputation varied between 7.2/100,000 (New Zealand) and 41.4/100,000 (Hungary), with an overall declining time trend with the exception of Slovakia, while minor amputations increased over time. The older age group (>= 65 years) was up to 4.9 times more likely to be amputated compared with those younger than 65 years. Reported mortality rates were lowest in Finland (6.3%) and highest in Hungary (20.3%). Countries with a fee for service reimbursement system had a lower incidence of major amputation compared with countries with a population based reimbursement system (14.3/100,000 versus 18.4/100,000, respectively, p <.001). Conclusions: This international audit showed large geographical differences in major amputation rates, by a factor of almost six, and an overall declining time trend during the 4 year observation of this study. Diabetes prevalence, age distribution, and mortality rates were also found to vary between countries. Despite limitations attributable to registry data, these findings are important, and warrant further research on how to improve limb salvage in different demographic settings. (C) 2018 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Tenhunen, Olli; Turpeinen, Miia; Kurki, Pekka (2017)
  • Wahlstedt, Henri; Rosenström, Tom; Stenberg, Jan-Henry; Saarni, Suoma (2020)
    JOHDANTO : Psykoterapia on keskeinen mielenterveyden häiriöiden hoitomuoto. Hoitoon pääsyn kestoa voidaan pitää yhtenä sen saatavuuden ja saavutettavuuden tärkeimmistä indikaattoreista. Aihetta koskeva tieto on kuitenkin hyvin puutteellista kotimaisten psykoterapiapalveluiden osalta. Tässä tutkimuksessa tarkasteltiin HUS:n lyhyiden ostopalvelupsykoterapioiden odotusaikoja ja niihin liittyviä tekijöitä. MENETELMÄT : HUS Psykiatrian psykoterapian laaturekisterin aineistosta muodostettiin 819 potilaan aineisto. Analyyseissä käytettiin Kaplan-Meierin estimaattoria ja Coxin suhteellisen vaaran regressiomallia. TULOKSET : Mallin perusteella 20 % potilaista aloittaa psykoterapian noin kuukauden ja puolet noin kolmen kuukauden kuluessa lähetteestä. Perusterveydenhuollosta lähetetyt potilaat ja ne, joille on päädiagnoosin lisäksi kirjattu oheisdiagnoosi, pääsevät muita hitaammin hoitoon. PÄÄTELMÄT : Hoitoon pääsyä kolmen kuukauden kuluessa voidaan pitää kohtuullisena lyhyen ostopalvelupsykoterapian osalta. Vain noin puolet potilaista aloittaa hoidon tässä ajassa, mikä kertoo merkittävästä kehittämistarpeesta. Psykoterapiaan pääsyn seurantaa tulee kehittää valtakunnallisesti.
  • Jyrkkiö, Sirkku; Karjalainen-Lindsberg, Marja-Liisa; Malila, Nea; Leppä, Sirpa (2016)
    Lymfoomien alatyyppien yleisyystiedot ovat nyt saatavilla Suomen syöpärekisterin verkkosivuilla. Lymfoomat yleistyvät, mutta kuolleisuus non-Hodgkin-lymfoomiin on laskussa. Lymfoomat jaetaan nykyään B- ja T-solulymfoomiin, kun aiemmin jako tehtiin vain Hodgkinin ja non-Hodgkin-lymfoomiin. Laadukas ja kattava rekisteritieto on tärkeää harvinaissairauksien hoidon kehittämisen pohjaksi.
  • Nikoskinen, Tuuli; Schmidt, Eeva-Kaisa; Kiuru-Enari, Sari; Atula, Sari (2016)
    Tiedot Meretojan taudin eli suomalaisen perinnöllisen gelsoliiniamyloidoosin taudinkulusta ovat tähän saakka perustuneet suhteellisen pieniin potilassarjoihin. Uuden kansallisen FIN-GAR-potilasrekisterin avulla voidaan paremmin kartoittaa taudin oireita ja niiden yleisyyttä sekä sen luonnollista kulkua. Potilasrekisteriin on tähän mennessä kerätty tiedot 235 potilaasta, ja siihen toivotaan edelleen täydennystä. Rekisterin mukaan ensioireet alkavat yleensä silmistä. Taudin ensisijainen diagnostinen löydös on potilaalle tyypillisesti jo 20–30-vuotiaana kehittyvä sarveiskalvon verkkomainen rappeuma. Muut oireet ja löydökset kehittyvät suurin piirtein samanaikaisesti, mediaanien osuessa 50 ja 60 ikävuoden välille. Naisilla oireet kehittyvät keskimäärin aiemmin ja erityisesti silmäoireet ovat yleisempiä kuin miehillä. Rannekanavaoireyhtymä, sydämentahdistin ja munuaisensiirrot ovat rekisterin potilailla huomattavasti yleisempiä kuin normaaliväestössä. Näiden tarkkaa patologista yhteyttä Meretojan tautiin tutkitaan ­parhaillaan.
  • Laatikainen, Tiina; Koponen, Päivikki; Reinikainen, Jaakko; Tolonen, Hanna; Jousilahti, Pekka; Suvisaari, Jaana; Mattila, Tiina; Niiranen, Teemu; Koskinen, Seppo (2020)
    Lähtökohdat : Väestön terveyden ja hyvinvoinnin seurannassa on tulevaisuudessa tärkeää väestö¬tutkimusten ohella hyödyntää rekisteritietoja. Tämä vaatii ymmärrystä tietojen luotettavuudesta erilaisten ilmiöiden kuvaajina. Menetelmät : FinTerveys 2017 -tutkimukseen osallistuneiden tutkimustietoja ja hoitoilmoitusrekistereistä saatuja tietoja verrattiin muutaman keskeisen sairauden ja riskitekijän yleisyyden arvioinnissa. Tulokset : Diabeteksen, sepelvaltimotaudin, astman ja keuhkoahtaumataudin yleisyydet olivat tutkitussa väestössä lähes samanlaisia sekä väestötutkimustiedon että rekisteritiedon perusteella. Masennusta tunnistettiin rekisteritietojen perusteella selvästi vähemmän kuin tutkimustietojen perusteella. Hoitoilmoitus¬rekisterien tiedot olivat täysin puutteellisia kohonneen verenpaineen ja lihavuuden tunnistamiseen. Päätelmät : Arviot sellaisten sairauksien yleisyydestä, jotka vaativat jatkuvaa seurantaa ja säännöllistä lääkitystä, ovat hyvin samanlaisia sekä rekisteri- että tutkimustiedon perusteella. Hoitoilmoitusrekisterien tieto ei sen sijaan anna luotettavaa kuvaa terveysriskien yleisyydestä.
  • Helanti, Ida-Emilia (Helsingfors universitet, 2016)
    Mielenterveysongelmat ovat yleisiä ja vuosittain 700 000 suomalaista käyttää jotakin psyykenlääkettä. Suomessa lääkkeiden myyntiä seuraa Fimea ja korvattuja lääkeostoja Kansaneläkelaitos, mutta kokonaisuutta yhteen vetäviä julkaisuja on vain vähän. Tässä rekisteritutkimuksessa tarkastellaan neljän psyykenlääkeryhmän – psykoosilääkkeiden, neuroosilääkkeiden ja rauhoittavien aineiden, unilääkkeiden sekä masennuslääkkeiden – kulutuksessa tapahtuneita muutoksia 1996–2011. Kansaneläkelaitoksen reseptitiedoston ja Tilastokeskuksen tietoja yhdistämällä selvitetään kulutuksen jakautumista sukupuolen, iän ja sairaanhoitopiirin perusteella. Materiaalin analysointiin on käytetty R-ohjelmointikieltä hyödyntävää R-Studio-ohjelmaa. Tarkastelujakson aikana psykoosilääkkeiden kulutus kaksinkertaistui. Neuroosilääkkeiden ja rauhoittavien aineiden käytössä ei tapahtunut merkittävää muutosta. Unilääkkeiden käyttö lisääntyi vuoteen 2009 ja kääntyi sitten laskuun. Masennuslääkkeiden kulutusmäärä lähes nelinkertaistui, ja ne nousivat selvästi eniten käytetyiksi psyykenlääkkeiksi. Havaitut muutokset eivät selity muutoksilla psyykkisessä sairastavuudessa. Psyykenlääkkeiden kulutus oli runsainta keski-ikäisillä ja sitä vanhemmilla. Yli 70-vuotiaat käyttivät huomattavasti muita enemmän unilääkkeitä. Alueelliset erot psyykenlääkkeitä eniten ja vähiten käyttävien sairaanhoitopiirien välillä olivat noin kaksinkertaisia.
  • Mäkelä, Keijo; Eskelinen, Antti; Kettunen, Jukka; Puhto, Ari-Pekka; Vasara, Anna; Pamilo, Konsta; Vainiola, Tarja; Järvelin, Jutta; Haapakoski, Jaason; Veltheim, Jere; Honkanen, Pirjo; Äärimaa, Ville; Salmela, Mikko; Joukainen, Antti (2021)
    • Implanttirekisteri on maailman kolmanneksi vanhin edelleen toiminnassa oleva kliininen kansallinen laaturekisteri. • Implanttirekisteri on ortopedien ja THL:n yhteistyönä uudistettu vastaamaan 2020-luvun tarpeita. • Implanttirekisteriin perustuvia tutkimusraportteja julkaistiin 17 kappaletta pelkästään vuosina 2019–2020. Moni tieteellinen julkaisumme on merkittävästi muuttanut hoitokäytäntöjä.
  • Keinänen, Mira; Brummer-Korvenkontio, Henrikki; Eskola, Markku; Ettala, Otto; Hartikainen, Juha; Hovi, Petteri; Isosomppi, Sanna; Kivelä, Pia; Kärki, Johanna; Kärkkäinen, Juha; Laatikainen, Tiina; Liukko, Emmi; Niemi, Anu; Mattila, Elina; Meriläinen, Merja; Mustonen, Pirjo; Pekkanen, Liisa; Puolakka, Kari; Relas, Heikki; Sainio, Salla; Salo, Henri; Salonen, Jonna; Sokka-Isler, Tuulikki; Suvisaari, Jaana; Tahkola, Aapo; Tiirinki, Hanna (2020)
    Pilottiprojektin tulokset laaturekisterien toiminnan organisoimisesta kannustavat ¬jatkamaan työtä moniammatillisesti ja pitkäjänteisesti. Kansallinen koordinaatio on välttämätöntä laatu- ja vaikuttavuustiedon vertailukelpoisuuden ja hyödyntämisen varmistamiseksi.
  • Aro, Ellinoora; Ijas, Petra; Vikatmaa, Leena; Soinne, Lauri; Sund, Reijo; Venermo, Maarit; Vikatmaa, Pirkka (2019)
    Objective: Considering carotid endarterectomy (CEA), reporting treatment delay, symptom status, and surgical complication rates separately gives an incomplete picture of efficacy; therefore, the aim was to combine these factors and develop a reporting standard that better describes the number of potentially prevented strokes. With a real life cohort and theoretical inclusion scenarios, the aim was to explore the stroke prevention potential of different carotid practices. Methods: Landmark studies for symptomatic and asymptomatic patients were revisited. By using published estimates of treatment effect, a simplified calculator was designed to assess the five year stroke prevention rate per 1000 CEAs (stroke prevention potential [SPP], range 0-478), including the presence and recentness of symptoms, sex, increasing stenosis severity, and complication rates. Patients operated on for carotid stenosis at Helsinki University Hospital (HUH) between 2008 and 2016 were collected from a vascular registry (HUSVASC) and categorised according to the model. The local annual complication rate was re-evaluated and added to the model. The HUH patient cohort was incorporated into the SPP model, and changes over time analysed. Finally, theoretical changes in patient selection were compared in order to explore the theoretical impact of patient selection and shortening of the delay. Results: Fifteen hundred and five symptomatic and 356 asymptomatic carotid stenoses were operated on with stroke plus death rates of 3.6% and 0.3%, respectively. The proportion of CEAs performed within two weeks of the index event increased over the follow up period, being 77% in 2016. The SPP increased from 123 in 2008 to 229 in 2016. Theoretically, 350 ischaemic strokes were prevented in the period 2008-16, with 1861 CEAs. Conclusions: National and international comparison of different CEA series is irrelevant if the inclusion criteria are not considered. A calculator that is easy to apply to large scale high quality registered data was developed and tested. SPP was found to increase over time, which is a probable sign of improved patient selection and an increased number of strokes prevented by the CEAs performed.
  • Saviluoto, Anssi; Björkman, Johannes; Olkinuora, Anna; Virkkunen, Ilkka; Kirves, Hetti; Setala, Piritta; Pulkkinen, Ilkka; Laukkanen-Nevala, Paivi; Raatiniemi, Lasse; Jäntti, Helena; Iirola, Timo; Nurmi, Jouni (2020)
    Background: Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) play an important role in prehospital care of the critically ill. Differences in funding, crew composition, dispatch criteria and mission profile make comparison between systems challenging. Several systems incorporate databases for quality control, performance evaluation and scientific purposes. FinnHEMS database was incorporated for such purposes following the national organization of HEMS in Finland 2012. The aims of this study are to describe information recorded in the database, data collection, and operational characteristics of Finnish HEMS during 2012-2018. Methods: All dispatches of the six Finnish HEMS units recorded in the national database from 2012 to 2018 were included in this observational registry study. Five of the units are physician staffed, and all are on call 24/7. The database follows a template for uniform reporting in physician staffed pre-hospital services, exceeding the recommended variables of relevant guidelines. Results: The study included 100,482 dispatches, resulting in 33,844 (34%) patient contacts. Variables were recorded with little or no missing data. A total of 16,045 patients (16%) were escorted by HEMS to hospital, of which 2239 (2%) by helicopter. Of encountered patients 4195 (4%) were declared deceased on scene. The number of denied or cancelled dispatches was 66,638 (66%). The majority of patients were male (21,185, 63%), and the median age was 57.7 years. The median American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Scale classification was 2 and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance class 0. The most common reason for response was trauma representing 26% (8897) of the patients, followed by out-of-hospital cardiac arrest 20% (6900), acute neurological reason excluding stroke 13% (4366) and intoxication and related psychiatric conditions 10% (3318). Blunt trauma (86%, 7653) predominated in the trauma classification. Conclusions: Gathering detailed and comprehensive data nationally on all HEMS missions is feasible. A national database provides valuable insights into where the operation of HEMS could be improved. We observed a high number of cancelled or denied missions and a low percentage of patients transported by helicopter. The medical problem of encountered patients also differs from comparable systems.
  • Saviluoto, Anssi; Björkman, Johannes; Olkinuora, Anna; Virkkunen, Ilkka; Kirves, Hetti; Setälä, Piritta; Pulkkinen, Ilkka; Laukkanen-Nevala, Päivi; Raatiniemi, Lasse; Jäntti, Helena; Iirola, Timo; Nurmi, Jouni (BioMed Central, 2020)
    Abstract Background Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) play an important role in prehospital care of the critically ill. Differences in funding, crew composition, dispatch criteria and mission profile make comparison between systems challenging. Several systems incorporate databases for quality control, performance evaluation and scientific purposes. FinnHEMS database was incorporated for such purposes following the national organization of HEMS in Finland 2012. The aims of this study are to describe information recorded in the database, data collection, and operational characteristics of Finnish HEMS during 2012–2018. Methods All dispatches of the six Finnish HEMS units recorded in the national database from 2012 to 2018 were included in this observational registry study. Five of the units are physician staffed, and all are on call 24/7. The database follows a template for uniform reporting in physician staffed pre-hospital services, exceeding the recommended variables of relevant guidelines. Results The study included 100,482 dispatches, resulting in 33,844 (34%) patient contacts. Variables were recorded with little or no missing data. A total of 16,045 patients (16%) were escorted by HEMS to hospital, of which 2239 (2%) by helicopter. Of encountered patients 4195 (4%) were declared deceased on scene. The number of denied or cancelled dispatches was 66,638 (66%). The majority of patients were male (21,185, 63%), and the median age was 57.7 years. The median American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Scale classification was 2 and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance class 0. The most common reason for response was trauma representing 26% (8897) of the patients, followed by out-of-hospital cardiac arrest 20% (6900), acute neurological reason excluding stroke 13% (4366) and intoxication and related psychiatric conditions 10% (3318). Blunt trauma (86%, 7653) predominated in the trauma classification. Conclusions Gathering detailed and comprehensive data nationally on all HEMS missions is feasible. A national database provides valuable insights into where the operation of HEMS could be improved. We observed a high number of cancelled or denied missions and a low percentage of patients transported by helicopter. The medical problem of encountered patients also differs from comparable systems.
  • Mäki, Päivi; Lehtinen-Jacks, Susanna; Vuorela, Nina; Levälahti, Esko; Koskela, Timo; Saari, Antti; Mölläri, Kaisa; Mahkonen, Raimo; Salo, Jarmo; Laatikainen, Tiina (2017)
    Lasten ylipainon yleisyydestä on ollut hyvin vähän koko lapsiväestöä edustavaa, mittauksiin perustuvaa tietoa. Tavoitteena oli selvittää, voidaanko tiedonhankinnassa hyödyntää Avohilmo-rekisteriä. Avohilmosta poimittiin tiedot ajalta 1.6.2014–31.5.2015 kaikilta lastenneuvolan ja kouluterveydenhuollon terveydenhoitokäynneillä käyneiltä lapsilta kunnista, joissa pituus- ja painotietojen kattavuus oli vähintään 65 %, eli vain noin viidesosasta kuntia. Ylipainoisia oli noin 25 % 2–16-vuotiaista pojista ja 16 % tytöistä. Pojista 7 % ja tytöistä 3 % oli lihavia. Avohilmo antaa hyvät edellytykset lasten ylipainon yleisyyden seurantaan valtakunnallisesti. Kasvutietojen siirtoa kunnista Avohilmoon tulee kehittää.
  • Rajalahti, Iiris; Ruutu, Petri; Virtanen, Mikko; Salo, Eeva; Järvinen, Asko; Vasankari, Tuula; Soini, Hanna (2017)
    Suomessa todetaan alle 300 uutta tuberkuloositapausta vuodessa. Ilmaantuvuus on samalla tasolla kuin muissa Pohjoismaissa. Epidemiologinen tilanne on muuttumassa. Sairastuneiden keski-ikä laskee, koska nuorten maahanmuuttajien osuus kasvaa. Haasteita ovat sairastuneiden varhainen löytäminen, lääkehoidon toteutus, kustannustehokas riskiryhmien seulonta ja tartunnanjäljitys, rekisterijärjestelmän laajentaminen ja työntekijöiden säännöllisestä koulutuksesta huolehtiminen. Tärkeimmät muutokset uudessa tartuntatautilaissa ovat eräissä työtehtävissä toimivien uudistetut ¬tuberkuloosin seulontakriteerit sekä mahdollisuus rekisteröidä altistuneita.