Browsing by Subject "Russian and Eurasian Studies"

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  • Eraliev, Sherzod; Heusala, Anna-Liisa (Routledge, 2021)
    This chapter employs the concept of transnational social space to examine Central Asian female migrants’ relationship with the law in Russia. Through exploring life stories of four migrant women, we examine the formation of transnational social spaces for labour migrants in Russia from the perspective of gender. The results demonstrate the significance of the tradition and practices of the sending countries in the formation of Central Asian female migrants’ transnational social spaces and subsequent legal choices in Russia. We raise the question regarding agency-focused transnationalism as an overarching perspective in the study of labour migrants in Russia. The revolving door migration between Central Asia and Russia, a lack of social capital and financial resources, their dependent position within migrant communities and strict family traditions limit the real agency of many female migrants, which the concept of transnational social space assumes. We argue that vulnerable migrant groups such as women often do not fit into transnationalism, informality or legal culture narratives without taking into account the specificities of the female experience.
  • Urinboyev, Rustam; Russian and Eurasian Studies (Aleksanteri Institute) (Media Tryck, 2020)
    Research Report in Sociology of Law
    This research report is a compilation of essays written by guest researchers from Central Asia who spent four to twelve months at the Department of Sociology of Law, Lund University, and conducted research on various topics pertaining to legal cultures, governance and business environments in Central Asia. These guest research stays (secondments) took place in the framework of the EU-funded project “Central Asian Law: Legal Cultures and Business Environments in Central Asia” (project number 870647 H2020 MSCA-RISE 2019-2023), which runs from 01/03/2020 through 28/02/2024. The project is coordinated by Lund University and the project consortium includes European universities (University of Zurich, Charles University Prague, Riga Graduate School of Law, Marmara University, University of Latvia) as well as Central Asian partner institutions (L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Khujand Polytechnic Institute of the Tajik Technical University, SIAR Research and Consulting, Tebigy Kuwwat Public Association, Academy of the General Prosecutor’s Office of Uzbekistan, Westminster International University in Tashkent). This research report consists of introduction and five papers that explore contemporary issues and challenges in Central Asia, such as the problems accompanying the internationalization of higher education and research, anti-corruption legal frameworks and the business climate, cultural branding, legal culture education, and the digital economy. The main idea behind publishing this preliminary research report is to provide a platform for Central Asian guest researchers to present the research projects they developed during their research stay in Lund and share their initial research findings with the Central Asian Law project team and the wider academic and policy audiences. Another equally important aim was to empower our guest researchers, given the fact that many Central Asia-based researchers find it difficult to publish their academic work in Western academic venues due to different academic, economic, and ideological factors.
  • Gritsenko, Daria; Kopotev, Mikhail; Wijermars, Mariëlle (Palgrave Macmillan, 2020)
  • Muravyeva, Marianna (Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 2021)
    Gender-based violence (GBV) affects one in three women worldwide, making it an urgent and important policy challenge. Many countries around the world have passed laws intended to protect women from violence, yet violence persists. Over the past year, the COVID-19 pandemic has raised awareness of the perils women face from gender-based violence—what has come to be known as the “shadow pandemic”—but it has also aggravated risk factors while increasing barriers to protection, support, and justice. This publication aims to focus on the intersection of gender-based violence and the rule of law by examining how legal frameworks, judicial system responses, and public policy contribute to the ways in which gender-based violence is—and is not—addressed around the world. Each piece addresses the complicated challenge of gender-based violence and the successes and failures of various public policy responses globally, and offers recommendations for a path forward.
  • Gritsenko, Daria; Zherebtsov, Mikhail (Palgrave Macmillan, 2020)
  • Gel'man, Vladimir (2021)
    This essay is focused on the analysis of several success stories of state-directed developmental projects and programmes in Russia, which are designed and implemented amid conditions of bad governance. I argue that these success stories do not serve as exceptions to the general rules of bad governance but rather confirm its overall tendencies. The prioritisation of state support for successful projects and programmes is related to conspicuous consumption of material and symbolic benefits by the political leadership against the background of mediocre policy outcomes beyond the 'pockets of efficiency' intentionally designed by authorities. The analysis of several success stories related to technological development and the advancement of higher education addresses the questions of why they were short-lived and resulted in diminished returns and/or weak multiplicative effects. Thus, success stories become the other side of the coin for bad governance: these achievements are intertwined with the general trends of governing the state.
  • Gel'man, Vladimir (Russland-Analysen, 2021)
  • Yagodin, Dmitry (2020)
    This study uses the case of the 2016 anthrax outbreak on the Yamal peninsula in north-western Siberia to discuss whether and how the incident could challenge the dominant discourse in Russia that neglects the problem of climate change – a potential cause of the outbreak. The study draws on a small sample of media materials that linked the incident to climate change on the national and regional levels. The analysis follows the premises of poststructuralist discourse theory and the concepts of dislocation and discursive logics to unpack the intricate relationships between the issues of economic development and environmental change in a region that is at once central to Russia’s fossil fuel economy and most vulnerable to the effects of climate change. The results point to the obstacles and opportunities for climate justice discourse in this context.
  • Urinboyev, Rustamjon (2020)
    Book review. Reviewed work: Immigration and Refugee Law in Russia: Socio-Legal Perspectives / By Agnieszka Kubal. - Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2019. xxii, 205 pp.
  • Turaeva, Rano; Urinboyev, Rustam (Routledge, 2021)
    BASEES series
  • Kahla, Elina (Suomalainen teologinen kirjallisuusseura, 2019)
    Suomalaisen teologisen kirjallisuusseuran julkaisuja
  • Miklóssy, Katalin (2021)
    The emerging authoritarian tendency and centralization of power in Hungary and Poland display a profound drive to create a new ‘Zeitgeist’ based on national conservative values. The current political elites claim that striking against the liberal intelligentsia in cultural life is therefore inevitable. History politics has a special place in the prevailing culture war because the construction of the new era requires a revision of identity, which is dependent on the suitable interpretation of the past. This article focuses on two flagships of history politics. The Polish Institute of National Remembrance is a research facility but also acts a truth committee. The Hungarian Foundation for Research on Central and Eastern European History and Society controls several memory institutes. Both centers were established with a political purpose, and they play an essential role in the institutional evolution of historiography. In addition, both are combining the complex field of research, education, popularizing history, and museums. These institutions not only offer a particular view on the current culture war but are key organizations, on which the regime is dependent. They produce necessary knowledge that provides the building blocks of cultural hegemony, in seeking the new era.
  • Muravyeva, Marianna; Gurkov, Alexander (Palgrave Macmillan, 2020)