Browsing by Subject "Russians"

Sort by: Order: Results:

Now showing items 1-2 of 2
  • Stodolsky, Venla (2008)
    The master’s research presented here is an empirical study based on qualitative methods. The purpose of this thesis is to produce a deeper understanding of the concepts of democracy as viewed by the student elites in Shanghai, China and St.Petersburg, Russia. The thesis is a comparative study, i.e. it scrutinizes the western democracy theories and compares them to the Russian and Chinese student’s ideas on the concepts of democracy. The idea is to find out what the future leaders, who at the moment are university students, concepts of democracy are. The thesis is based on two sets of interviews of university students in China and Russia. The thesis aims to answer to a question whether the concepts of democracy viewed by the Chinese and Russian students are the same as the western concepts of democracy. The hypothesis is that there are signs of “western democracy” in China and in Russia. The main theoretical framework for this study is the four different democratic theorists’, i.e. Robert Dahl’s, David Held’s, Seymour Lipset’s and Heikki Patomäki’s theories on democracy. Their democracy concepts are examined and compared to the findings arising out of the interviewed Chinese and Russian students’ democracy concepts. The main qualitative methods used in this study are based on Eeva Pyörälä’s six factors as outlined in her article “Kvalitatiivisen tutkimuksen metodologiaa” in Laadullisen tutkimuksen risteysasemalla. The thesis has been divided into seven parts. After the introduction in chapter one, the theoretical framework, research strategy, methodology and sources are examined in the second chapter. In the third chapter the four different democracy theorist’s concepts of democracy are explained and set against the results of the interviews. The chapter four briefly introduces the histories, cultures and traditions connected to democracy in China and Russia. The fifth and sixth chapters are devoted to the analyzing of the interviews related to the four theories of this study. Chapter five also introduces the questionnaire design, selection of interviewees and explanations on the field work and peculiarities of the interviews. The sixth chapter binds the empirical material into the theoretical conceptions. The Atlas software programme tool utilized to analyze the interviews is described and the actual interviews are analyzed. The conclusion in the seventh chapter summarizes the conceptual understanding of the interviewees and comparison to western theories. The findings of this study suggest that the western theories as such do not correspond to the Chinese or Russian students’ views on the concepts of democracy.
  • Silfver, Olga (2008)
    This study examines the immigration reasons, the process of choosing the country and acculturation strategies of highly educated post-Soviet employees working in Finland. The main research questions of this study are: 1. Why do post-Soviet professionals leave their home countries? 2. Do post-Soviet highly educated professionals perceive they have a choice as far as their migration is concerned? 3. Why do the post-Soviet professionals choose Finland as the country of residence? 4. What is the main acculturation strategy for post-Soviet professionals in Finland, and why`? The thesis is a qualitative study that uses ten half-structured interviews as its material. It combines different theoretical perspectives: acculturation theory, thesis of global professionals, Bourdieu's concepts on transformation of resources and theories of cultural and ethnic identity. This study interprets the decision to immigrate and integration of the respondents as resource optimisation, ,where skills, networks, positions and cultural competences are used to achieve the best attainable position for the family. The main reason for the respondents to leave a home country was economic refuge. Social instability and search for better opportunities were also important factors. The majority of my respondents did not perceive to have a choice of country of immigration. Those who had selected Finland consciously did so due to networks or geographical proximity of the country. Mostly though, Finland was not well-known among highly educated post-Soviets, so the selection of Finland could be attributed ,more to a coincidence than to conscious Finnish state policy. The study emphasizes the sphere of work, since my respondents spend considerable portion of their daily time there and since workplace is an important integrating institution for work-related immigrants. The research concludes that the workplaces of the respondents are currently unable to fully support the needs of immigrant labour force. Commonly used short-term contracts cause a lack of stability, which lowers the motivation to integrate. I have discerned two processes operating in workplaces, selective racist labelling and double-level acceptance process, which both influence the process of integration of immigrants. Post-Soviet immigrants adopt a separatory acculturation strategy due to strong post-Soviet identity and rather slowly developing Finnish skills. They prefer to socialise with the Russian-speaking people, which has a negative effect on the speed of their integration into Finnish society. Global professionals have an additional slowing factor, i.e. poor motivation for language studies as long as the change of country is probable. Discriminatory attitudes of not only locals and post-Soviets, but also of post-Soviets towards other minorities ,strengthen the separatory acculturation strategy. All in all, I perceive my study group as a highly potential resource for the Finnish dwindling labour markets. They are attracted to Finnish orderliness, respect to law, and closeness of nature. However, the limitations of ,their legal status and the resulting instability, lack of knowledge and insufficient communication with local population pose challenges for their integration. In order to produce long-term advantages from immigrating workforce and avoid the problems of segregated society, these shortcomings have to be mitigated.