Browsing by Subject "SOLVENT"

Sort by: Order: Results:

Now showing items 1-12 of 12
  • Stape, Thiago Henrique Scarabello; Seseogullari-Dirihan, Roda; Tjäderhane, Leo; Abunas, Gabriel; Marcondes Martins, Luis Roberto; Tezvergil-Mutluay, Arzu (2018)
    In dentistry, the wet-bonding approach relies on water to maintain demineralized collagen expanded for proper resin infiltration; nevertheless, hydrolytic instability of the resin-dentin interface is inevitable with current bonding techniques. Considering dimethyl sulfoxide's (DMSO) ability to "biomodify" collagen and precipitate enzymes, the aim was to test whether the use of DMSO would permit adequate resin bonding to H3PO4-etched dehydrated dentin and assess its impact on collagen degradation by host-derived enzymes. Etched dentin surfaces from extracted sound human molars were randomly bonded in wet or dry conditions using aqueous or ethanolic DMSO solutions as pretreatments and bonding resins with or without DMSO. Bonded teeth were sectioned into resin-dentin slabs for confocal in situ zymography and beams for microtensile bond strength test. Demineralized powdered dentin was incubated in the tested DMSO -media and a hydroxyproline assay evaluated dissolution of collagen peptides. Zymography was performed on protein extracts obtained from dry and wet H3PO4-ecthed dentin powder treated with the DMSO- media. The correlative biochemical analysis demonstrated that reduction of water content during dentin hybridization by the innovative dry-bonding approaches with DMSO is effective to inactivate host-derived MMP-2 and MMP-9 and thus reduce collagen degradation while simultaneously optimizing resin-dentin bonding.
  • Hänninen, Vesa; Murdachaew, Garold; Nathanson, Gilbert M.; Gerber, R. Benny; Halonen, Lauri (2018)
    Ab initio molecular dynamics simulations of formic acid (FA) dimer colliding with liquid water at 300 K have been performed using density functional theory. The two energetically lowest FA dimer isomers were collided with a water slab at thermal and high kinetic energies up to 68k(B)T. Our simulations agree with recent experimental observations of nearly a complete uptake of gas-phase FA dimer: the calculated average kinetic energy of the dimers immediately after collision is 5 +/- 4% of the incoming kinetic energy, which compares well with the experimental value of 10%. Simulations support the experimental observation of no delayed desorption of FA dimers following initial adsorption. Our analysis shows that the FA dimer forms hydrogen bonds with surface water molecules, where the hydrogen bond order depends on the dimer structure, such that the most stable isomer possesses fewer FA-water hydrogen bonds than the higher energy isomer. Nevertheless, even the most stable isomer can attach to the surface through one hydrogen bond despite its reduced hydrophilicity. Our simulations further show that the probability of FA dimer dissociation is increased by high collision energies, the dimer undergoes isomerization from the higher energy to the lowest energy isomer, and concerted double-proton transfer occurs between the FA monomers. Interestingly, proton transfer appears to be driven by the release of energy arising from such isomerization, which stimulates those internal vibrational degrees of freedom that overcome the barrier of a proton transfer.
  • Stape, Thiago Henrique Scarabello; Uctasli, Merve; Cibelik, Hatice Sümeyye; Tjäderhane, Leo; Tezvergil-Mutluay, Arzu (2021)
    Objective. To determine whether the effect of dentin moisture on the etch-and-rinse bond -ing may be minimized by dry-bonding protocols utilizing aqueous or ethanolic dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) pretreatments. Methods. H3PO4-etched mid-coronal dentin surfaces from human molars were randomly blot-or air-dried for 30 s and pretreated with DMSO/H2O or DMSO/EtOH solutions. Untreated samples served as control. Moisture control was performed by either blot-or air-drying. Samples were bonded with a multistep etch-and-rinse adhesive. Restored crown segments (n = 8/group) were stored in distilled water for 24 h and sectioned for microtensile bond strength testing. Resin-dentin beams (0.8 mm(2)) were tested under tension until fracture (0.5 mm/min) after 24 h and two years of storage in artificial saliva at 37 degrees C. SEM nanoleakage evaluation was performed on aged samples. Collagen wettability was also measured by sessile drops of the hydrophilic and hydrophobic bonding resins (n = 8/group). Data were examined by factorial ANOVA followed by the Tukey test (alpha = 0.05). Results. Dry bonding to untreated collagen produced inferior immediate and long-term bond strengths than wet bonding (p < 0.05). Regardless of initial hydration and moisture control, DMSO-dry bonding produced initially higher and stable bond strengths after aging (p < 0.05). DMSO-pretreated groups presented improved collagen wettability with lower silver uptake (p < 0.05). Significance. Despite the common belief that etch-and-rinse adhesives must be applied onto moist collagen, DMSO-dry bonding protocols not only improved bonding performance and hybrid layer integrity, but also brought more versatility to collagen hybridization by reducing overdrying-related issues. (C) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of The Academy of Dental Materials.
  • Mehtala, P.; Pashley, D. H.; Tjaderhane, L. (2017)
    Objectives. Infiltration of adhesive on dentin matrix depends on interaction of surface and adhesive. Interaction depends on dentin wettability, which can be enhanced either by increasing dentin surface energy or lowering the surface energy of adhesive. The objective was to examine the effect of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) on demineralized dentin wettability and dentin organic matrix expansion. Methods. Acid-etched human dentin was used for sessile drop contact angle measurement to test surface wetting on 1-5% DMSO-treated demineralized dentin surface, and linear variable differential transformer (LVDT) to measure expansion/shrinkage of dentinal matrix. DMSO-water binary liquids were examined for surface tension changes through concentrations from 0 to 100% DMSO. Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests were used to test the differences in dentin wettability, expansion and shrinkage, and Spearman test to test the correlation between DMSO concentration and water surface tension. The level of significance was p <0.05. Results. Pretreatment with 1-5% DMSO caused statistically significant concentration dependent increase in wetting: the immediate contact angles decreased by 11.8% and 46.6% and 60 s contact angles by 9.5% and 47.4% with 1% and 5% DMSO, respectively. DMSOwater mixtures concentration-dependently expanded demineralized dentin samples less than pure water, except with high (>80%) DMSO concentrations which expanded demineralized dentin more than water. Drying times of LVDT samples increased significantly with the use of DMSO. Significance. Increased dentin wettability may explain the previously demonstrated increase in adhesive penetration with DMSO-treated dentin, and together with the expansion of collagen matrix after drying may also explain previously observed increase in dentin adhesive bonding. (C) 2017 The Academy of Dental Materials. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Knaapila, M.; Stepanyan, R.; Torkkeli, M.; Haase, D.; Frohlich, N.; Helfer, A.; Forster, M.; Scherf, U. (2016)
    We study relations among the side-chain asymmetry, structure, and order-disorder transition (ODT) in hairy-rod-type poly(9,9-dihexylfluorene) (PF6) with two identical side chains and atactic poly(9-octyl-9-methylfluorene) (PF1-8) with two different side chains per repeat. PF6 and PF1-8 organize into alternating side-chain and backbone layers that transform into an isotropic phase at T-ODT(PF6) and T-bi(ODT)(PF1-8). We interpret polymers in terms of monodisperse and bidisperse brushes and predict scenarios T-ODT <T-bi(ODT) and T-ODT similar to T-bi(ODT) for high and low grafting densities (the side-chain length above or below the average grafting distance). Calorimetry and x-ray scattering indicate the condition T-ODT(PF6) similar to T-bi(ODT)(PF1-8) following the low grafting prediction. PF6 side chains coming from the alternating backbone layers appear as two separate layers with thickness H(PF6), whereas PF1-8 side chains appear as an indistinguishable bilayer with a half thickness H-bilayer(PF1-8)/2 approximate to H(PF6). The low grafting density region is structurally possible but not certain for PF6 and confirmed for PF1-8.
  • Al-Ani, Anas Aagel Salim; Mutluay, Murat; Stape, Thiago Henrique Scarabello; Tjaderhane, Leo; Tezvergil-Mutluay, Arzu (2018)
    The objective was to evaluate effect of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) on microtensile bond strength (WITS) and nanoleakage (NL). Superficial dentin was acid-etched and pretreated with DMSO. Etch-and-rinse adhesive was applied and restored with resin composite incrementally. After 24 h, teeth were sectioned, stored in artificial saliva for 24-h or 6-months before mu TBS evaluation. Failure modes were examined. Six beams per group were submitted to nanoleakage evaluation using SEM. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey's test (alpha=0.05). Pretreatment had no significant effect on mu TBS after 24 h (p>0.05). After 6 months storage, mu TBS of control decreased significantly, more than with the groups treated with 0.01% or higher (p
  • Holding, Ashley J.; Parviainen, Arno; Kilpeläinen, Ilkka; Soto, Ana; King, Alistair W. T.; Rodriguez, Hector (2017)
    Hydrophobic, long-chain tetraalkylphosphonium acetate salts (ionic liquids) were combined with a dipolar aprotic co-solvent, dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), and the feasibility of these solvent systems for cellulose dissolution and regeneration was studied. A 60 : 40 w/w mixture of the ionic liquid tetraoctylphosphonium acetate ([P-8888][OAc]) and DMSO was found to dissolve up to 8 wt% cellulose, whilst trioctyl(tetradecyl) phosphonium acetate ([P-14888][OAc]) dissolved up to 3 wt% cellulose. Water (an anti-solvent for cellulose) was found to give rise to biphasic liquid-liquid systems when combined with these mixtures, yielding an upper phase rich in ionic liquid and a lower aqueous phase. The liquid-liquid equilibria of the ternary systems were experimentally determined, finding that DMSO strongly partitioned towards the aqueous phase. Thus, a process scheme involving simultaneous regeneration of cellulose and recycling of the solvent system was envisioned, and demonstrated on a large scale using [P-8888] [OAc]. A large portion of the ionic liquid (ca. 60 wt%) was directly recovered via phase separation, with a further 37 wt% being recovered from the swollen cellulose phase and residual materials, bringing recovery to 97%. XRD analysis of the recovered cellulose materials showed a loss of crystallinity and conversion from Cellulose I to Cellulose II. Non-dissolving compositions of ionic liquid and DMSO did not affect cellulose crystallinity after cellulose pulp treatment.
  • Guo, Ming; Maltari, Riku; Zhang, Rui; Kontro, Jussi; Ma, Enlu; Repo, Timo (2021)
    Lignin is a potential renewable raw material for synthesis of aromatic molecules and materials. Particularly, Kraft-type lignins are abundantly available as a byproduct of wood and paper industries. Currently, there are practically no valuable products made using this highly complex polymer. Within this work, we have investigated the straightforward, high-yield depolymerization of two different technical lignins (Indulin AT and alkaline lignin) using only a mixture of green short-chain (C-1-C-3) alcohols and water as solvents. As shown here, at a temperature of 220 degrees C, autogenous pressure, and isopropanol/water as a co-solvent medium, it is possible to cleave Kraft lignin without char-forming side reactions. The obtained so-called "light" oil contains guaiacol-based monomeric units of 23 wt % yield together with liquid oligomers of 13 wt % yield combining liquid-liquid and solid-liquid extraction. Two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance analysis of lignin residues showed that the isopropanol/water treatment caused a marked breakdown of the intermolecular beta-O-4 and beta-beta bonds; thus, the depolymerization produced monomers and lignin residues with lower molecular weight. The results suggested a synergistic effect between isopropanol and water. No sign of repolymerization reactions could be observed with this process.
  • Al-Ani, Anas Aaqel Salim Salim; Stape, Thiago Henrique Scarabello; Mutluay, Murat; Tjäderhane, Leo; Tezvergil-Mutluay, Arzu (2019)
    Objective: To understand dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) interaction with distinct methacrylate monomer blends and the impact on polymer formation by investigating the combined relationship among degree of resin hydrophilicity, presence of DMSO and specific physico/mechanical properties. Methods: One hydrophobic (R2) and one hydrophilic (R5) methacrylate-based resins with different monomer compositions were solvated in ascending DMSO concentrations (0, 0.01, 0.1, 1, 5, and 10 w/w %). Neat resins (0 w/w % DMSO) were used as controls. The degree of conversion was determined by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. Polymer crosslinking density was indirectly measured by a modified ethanol-water two-stage solvation technique and the biaxial flexural strength was measured after 24 h and 30 days of water storage at 37 degrees C. Water sorption and solubility were gravimetrically assisted during 28 days of water storage to determine the kinetics of water-polymer interactions. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey test (alpha = 0.05). Results: Incorporation of high DMSO-concentrations significantly increased the degree of conversion of all tested formulations, specifically for the hydrophobic resin (p <0.05). Despite the increase in degree of monomer conversion, higher water sorption/solubility values and lower biaxial flexure strengths were detected as a result of reductions in polymer crosslink density (p <0.05). In general, low DMSO-concentrations had no impact on the biaxial flexural strength, crosslinking density and water sorption/solubility (p <0.05). Conclusion: DMSO-monomer ratio and monomer composition are critical for new dental methacrylate-based adhesive formulations. High DMSO incorporation hampers physico/mechanical properties of methacrylate bonding resins, albeit to a lesser extend when hydrophilic resins are employed. Nonetheless, DMSO-solvated hydrophobic adhesives extensively outperform their hydrophilic correspondents. DMSO incorporation of 1 w/w % may constitute a secure threshold regardless of monomer composition.
  • Kyllönen, Lasse; Parviainen, Arno; Deb, Somdatta; Lawoko, Martin; Gorlov, Mikhail; Kilpeläinen, Ilkka; King, Alistair W. T. (2013)
  • Stape, Thiago Henrique Scarabello; Tjäderhane, Leo; Abuna, Gabriel; Sinhoreti, Mário Alexandre Coelho; Martins, Luís Roberto Marcondes; Tezvergil-Mutluay, Arzu (2018)
    Objective. To determine whether bonding effectiveness and hybrid layer integrity on acid-etched dehydrated dentin would be comparable to the conventional wet-bonding technique through new dentin biomodification approaches using dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). Methods. Etched dentin surfaces from extracted sound molars were randomly bonded in wet or dry conditions (30 s air drying) with DMSO/ethanol or DMSO/H2O as pretreatments using a simplified (Scotchbond Universal Adhesive, 3M ESPE: SU) and a multi-step (Adper Scotchbond Multi-Purpose, 3M ESPE: SBMP) etch-and-rinse adhesives. Untreated dentin surfaces served as control. Bonded teeth (n=8) were stored in distilled water for 24 h and sectioned into resin-dentin beams (0.8 mm(2)) for microtensile bond strength test and quantitative interfacial nanoleakage analysis (n = 8) under SEM. Additional teeth (n = 2) were prepared for micropermeability assessment by CFLSM under simulated pulp ar pressure (20 cm H2O) using 5 mM fluorescein as a tracer. Microtensile data was analyzed by 3-way ANOVA followed by Tukey Test and nanoleakage by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn-Bonferroni multiple comparison test (alpha = 0.05). Results. While dry-bonding of SBMP produced significantly lower bond strengths than wet-bonding (p Conclusion. DMSO pretreatments may be used as a new suitable strategy to improve bonding of water-based adhesives to demineralized air-dried dentin beyond conventional wetbonding. Less porous resin-dentin interfaces with higher bond strengths on air-dried etched dentin were achieved; nonetheless, overall efficiency varied according to DMSO's co-solvent and adhesive type. Clinical significance. DMSO pretreatments permit etched dentin to be air-dried before hybridization facilitating residual water removal and thus improving bonding effectiveness. This challenges the current paradigm of wet-bonding requirement for the etch-and-rinse approach creating new possibilities to enhance the clinical longevity of resin-dentin interfaces. (C) 2018 The Academy of Dental Materials. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Stape, Thiago Henrique Scarabello; Mutluay, Mustafa Murat; Tjäderhane, Leo; Uurasjärvi, Emilia; Koistinen, Arto; Tezvergil-Mutluay, Arzu (2021)
    Objective. Imperfect polymer formation as well as collagen's susceptibility to enzymatic-degradation increase the vulnerability of hybrid layers over time. This study investigated the effect of new dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)-containing pretreatments on long-term bond strength, hybrid layer quality, monomer conversion and collagen structure. Methods. H3PO4-etched mid-coronal dentin surfaces from extracted human molars (n = 8) were randomly treated with aqueous and ethanolic DMSO solutions or following the ethanol-wet bonding technique. Dentin bonding was performed with a three-step etch-and-rinse adhesive. Resin-dentin beams (0.8 mm(2)) were stored in artificial saliva at 37 degrees C for 24 h and 2.5 years, submitted to microtensile bond strength testing at 0.5 mm/min and semi-quantitative SEM nanoleakage analysis (n = 8). Micro-Raman spectroscopy was used to determine the degree of conversion at different depths in the hybrid layer (n = 6). Changes in the apparent modulus of elasticity of demineralized collagen beams measuring 0.5 x 1.7 x 7 mm (n = 10) and loss of dry mass (n = 10) after 30 days were calculated via three-point bending and precision weighing, respectively. Results. DMSO-containing pretreatments produced higher bond strengths, which did not change significantly over time presenting lower incidence of water-filled zones. Higher uniformity in monomer conversion across the hybrid layer occurred for all pretreatments. DMSO-induced collagen stiffening was reversible in water, but with lower peptide solubilization. Significance. Improved polymer formation and higher stability of the collagen-structure can be attributed to DMSO's unique ability to simultaneously modify both biological and resin components within the hybrid layer. Pretreatments composed of DMSO/ethanol may be a viable-effective alternative to extend the longevity of resin-dentin bonds. (C) 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of The Academy of Dental Materials.