Browsing by Subject "SPINAL DEFORMITY"

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  • Jalanko, T.; Helenius, I.; Pakarinen, M.; Koivusalo, A. (2018)
    Study Design: A retrospective cohort study of consecutively operated neuromuscular scoliosis patients. Background and Aim: Surgical correction of neuromuscular scoliosis can be complicated by early gastrointestinal complications, but data on the extent and severity of them is scarce. The aim of the study was to determine the incidence, course, and risk factors of gastrointestinal complications after neuromuscular scoliosis correction. Material and Methods: Ninety-one patients ( Results: The average age at surgery was 14.5 (SD 2.9) and follow-up time was 4.9 (SD 2.3) years. Gastrointestinal complications occurred in 12 (13%) patients and included prolonged paralytic ileus (7%, 6/91), dysphagia (7%, 6/91), and gastroparesis (1%, 1/91). Hospital stay was 22 (SD 11) days in patients with gastrointestinal complications and 16 (SD 20) days in non-complicated patients (p = 0.005). Dysphagia required permanent feeding gastrostomy in one patient whereas other complications were transient and none caused death. The risk factors for postoperative gastrointestinal complications were preoperative main curve correction 90 degrees (RR = 5.5 (95% CI 1.3-23); p = 0.020), disturbance in intraoperative spinal cord monitoring (RR = 6.0 (95% CI 1.1-34); p = 0.043), and intravenous opioid medication over 5 days postoperatively (RR = 7.9 (95% CI 1.8-35), p = 0.006). Conclusion: Gastrointestinal complications occurred in 13% of patients after neuromuscular scoliosis correction. Marked gastrointestinal complications extended postoperative hospitalization period, but they were transient in majority (92%) of cases and none caused death. Rigid scoliosis was the most significant risk factor for gastrointestinal complications. Gastrointestinal complications appear to be less frequent after posterior only spinal fusion with total pedicle screw instrumentation and Ponte osteotomies.
  • Syvänen, Johanna; Helenius, Linda; Raitio, Arimatias; Gerdhem, Paul; Diarbakerli, Elias; Helenius, Ilkka (2021)
    Purpose Vertebral column resection (VCR) is a technique performed for short, angular spinal deformities. Several studies have reported good radiographic results with VCR regarding curve correction. However, only a few studies have reported the impact of this technique on the health-related quality-of-life measures (HRQoL). Methods A single surgeon series of 27 consecutive children (mean age at surgery 12.3 years, range 1.1-20.7 years) undergoing posterior VCR with a minimum of 2-year follow-up. The comparison was made to age- and gender-matched healthy controls. Outcome measures included Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) questionnaire both pre- and postoperatively, radiographic outcomes, and complications. Results The average major curve correction was 60.3% in the VCR patients. Complications were noted in 12 out of 27 (44%) of the VCR patients but all patients recovered fully during follow-up. The SRS pain domain scores improved significantly after VCR (p = 0.0002). The SRS total and domain scores were significantly lower than in the healthy controls especially in the self-image and function domains, but the pain and activity domains improved from preoperative to similar level than in the control group. Conclusions HRQoL showed significant improvement in pain scores despite 44% risk of transient complications after VCR in pediatric patients. This health-related quality-of-life improvement remained at a significantly lower level than in the healthy control group.