Browsing by Subject "STELLAR"

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  • Euclid Collaboration; Ilbert, O.; de la Torre, S.; Gozaliasl, G.; Keihänen, E.; Kurki-Suonio, H.; Väliviita, J.; Kirkpatrick , C. C. (2021)
    The analysis of weak gravitational lensing in wide-field imaging surveys is considered to be a major cosmological probe of dark energy. Our capacity to constrain the dark energy equation of state relies on an accurate knowledge of the galaxy mean redshift z. We investigate the possibility of measuring z with an accuracy better than 0.002 (1+z) in ten tomographic bins spanning the redshift interval 0.2 99.8%. The zPDF approach can also be successful if the zPDF is de-biased using a spectroscopic training sample. This approach requires deep imaging data but is weakly sensitive to spectroscopic redshift failures in the training sample. We improve the de-biasing method and confirm our finding by applying it to real-world weak-lensing datasets (COSMOS and KiDS+VIKING-450).
  • Euclid Collaboration; Guglielmo, Christopher G.; Gozaliasl, G.; Keihanen, E.; Kurki-Suonio, H.; Kirkpatrick IV, C.C. (2020)
    The Complete Calibration of the Colour-Redshift Relation survey (C3R2) is a spectroscopic e ffort involving ESO and Keck facilities designed specifically to empirically calibrate the galaxy colour-redshift relation - P(z jC) to the Euclid depth (iAB = 24 :5) and is intimately linked to the success of upcoming Stage IV dark energy missions based on weak lensing cosmology. The aim is to build a spectroscopic calibration sample that is as representative as possible of the galaxies of the Euclid weak lensing sample. In order to minimise the number of spectroscopic observations necessary to fill the gaps in current knowledge of the P(z jC), self-organising map (SOM) representations of the galaxy colour space have been constructed. Here we present the first results of an ESO@VLT Large Programme approved in the context of C3R2, which makes use of the two VLT optical and near-infrared multi-object spectrographs, FORS2 and KMOS. This data release paper focuses on high-quality spectroscopic redshifts of high-redshift galaxies observed with the KMOS spectrograph in the near-infrared H- and K-bands. A total of 424 highly-reliable redshifts are measured in the 1:3 2 galaxies.
  • Patton, David R.; Wilson, Kieran D.; Metrow, Colin J.; Ellison, Sara L.; Torrey, Paul; Brown, Westley; Hani, Maan H.; McAlpine, Stuart; Moreno, Jorge; Woo, Joanna (2020)
    We use the IllustrisTNG cosmological hydrodynamical simulations to investigate how the specific star formation rates (sSFRs) of massive galaxies (M-* > 10(10) M-circle dot) depend on the distance to their closest companions. We estimate sSFR enhancements by comparing with control samples that are matched in redshift, stellar mass, local density, and isolation, and we restrict our analysis to pairs with stellar mass ratios of 0.1 to 10. At small separations (similar to 15 kpc), the mean sSFR is enhanced by a factor of 2.0 +/- 0.1 in the flagship (110.7Mpc)(3) simulation (TNG100-1). Statistically significant enhancements extend out to 3D separations of 280 kpc in the (302.6Mpc)(3) simulation (TNG300-1). We find similar trends in the EAGLE and Illustris simulations, although their sSFR enhancements are lower than those in TNG100-1 by about a factor of two. Enhancements in IllustrisTNG galaxies are seen throughout the redshift range explored (0
  • Bianconi, M.; Smith, G. P.; Haines, C. P.; McGee, S. L.; Finoguenov, A.; Egami, E. (2020)
    We explore the connection between dust and star formation, in the context of environmental effects on galaxy evolution. In particular, we exploit the susceptibility of dust to external processes to assess the influence of dense environment on star-forming galaxies. We have selected cluster Abell 1758 from the Local Cluster Substructure Survey (LoCuSS). Its complex dynamical state is an ideal test-bench to track dust removal and destruction in galaxies due to merger and accretion shocks. We present a systematic panchromatic study (from 0.15 mu m with GALEX to 500 mu m with Herschel) of spectroscopically confirmed star-forming cluster galaxies at intermediate redshift. We observe that the main subclusters (A1758N and A1758S) belong to two separate large-scale structures, with no overlapping galaxy members. Star forming cluster members are found preferentially outside cluster central regions, and are not isotropically distributed. Rather, these galaxies appear being funneled towards the main subclusters along separate accretion paths. Additionally, we present the first study of dust-to-stellar (DTS) mass ratio used as an indicator for local environmental influence on galaxy evolution. Star-forming cluster members show lower mean values (32 per cent at 2.4 sigma) of DTS mass ratio and lower levels of infrared emission from birth clouds with respect to coeval star-forming field galaxies. This picture is consistent with the majority of star-forming cluster members infalling in isolation. Upon accretion, star formation is observed to decrease and warm dust is destroyed due to heating from the intracluster medium radiation, ram-pressure stripping, and merger shocks.
  • Oman, Kyle A.; Navarro, Julio F.; Sales, Laura V.; Fattahi, Azadeh; Frenk, Carlos S.; Sawala, Till; Schaller, Matthieu; White, Simon D. M. (2016)
    We use cosmological hydrodynamical simulations of the APOSTLE project along with high-quality rotation curve observations to examine the fraction of baryons in I > CDM haloes that collect into galaxies. This 'galaxy formation efficiency' correlates strongly and with little scatter with halo mass, dropping steadily towards dwarf galaxies. The baryonic mass of a galaxy may thus be used to place a lower limit on total halo mass and, consequently, on its asymptotic maximum circular velocity. A number of observed dwarfs seem to violate this constraint, having baryonic masses up to 10 times higher than expected from their rotation speeds, or, alternatively, rotating at only half the speed expected for their mass. Taking the data at face value, either these systems have formed galaxies with extraordinary efficiency - highly unlikely given their shallow potential wells - or their dark matter content is much lower than expected from I > CDM haloes. This 'missing dark matter' is reminiscent of the inner mass deficit of galaxies with slowly rising rotation curves, but cannot be explained away by star formation-induced 'cores' in the dark mass profile, since the anomalous deficit applies to regions larger than the luminous galaxies themselves. We argue that explaining the structure of these galaxies would require either substantial modification of the standard I > CDM paradigm or else significant revision to the uncertainties in their inferred mass profiles, which should be much larger than reported. Systematic errors in inclination may provide a simple resolution to what would otherwise be a rather intractable problem for the current paradigm.
  • Ahumada, Romina; Prieto, Carlos Allende; Almeida, Andres; Andrews, Brett H.; Anguiano, Borja; Armengaud, Eric; Aubert, Marie; Avila, Santiago; Avila-Reese, Vladimir; Badenes, Carles; Balland, Christophe; Barger, Kat; Barrera-Ballesteros, Jorge K.; Basu, Sarbani; Bautista, Julian; Beaton, Rachael L.; Beers, Timothy C.; Benavides, B. Izamar T.; Bender, Chad F.; Bernardi, Mariangela; Bovy, Jo; Brandt, W. N.; Brinkmann, Jonathan; Brownstein, Joel R.; Bundy, Kevin; Burgasser, Adam; Burtin, Etienne; Cano-Diaz, Mariana; Capasso, Raffaella; Cappellari, Michele; Carrera, Ricardo; Chabanier, Solene; Chaplin, William; Chapman, Michael; Cherinka, Brian; Chiappini, Cristina; Choi, Peter Doohyun; Chojnowski, S. Drew; Chung, Haeun; Clerc, Nicolas; Coffey, Damien; Comerford, Julia M.; Comparat, Johan; da Costa, Luiz; Cousinou, Marie-Claude; Covey, Kevin; Crane, Jeffrey D.; Cunha, Katia; Ilha, Gabriele da Silva; Dai, Yu Sophia; Damsted, Sanna B.; Darling, Jeremy; Dawson, Kyle; De, Nikhil; de la Macorra, Axel; Lee, Nathan De; de Andrade Queiroz, Anna Barbara; Machado, Alice Deconto; de la Torre, Sylvain; Dell'Agli, Flavia; des Bourboux, Helion du Mas; Diamond-Stanic, Aleksandar M.; Dillon, Sean; Donor, John; Drory, Niv; Duckworth, Chris; Dwelly, Tom; Ebelke, Garrett; Eftekharzadeh, Sarah; Eigenbrot, Arthur Davis; Elsworth, Yvonne P.; Eracleous, Mike; Erfanianfar, Ghazaleh; Escoffier, Stephanie; Fan, Xiaohui; Farr, Emily; Fernandez-Trincado, Jose G.; Feuillet, Diane; Finoguenov, Alexis; Fofie, Patricia; Fraser-McKelvie, Amelia; Frinchaboy, Peter M.; Fromenteau, Sebastien; Fu, Hai; Galbany, Lluis; Garcia, Rafael A.; Garcia-Hernandez, D. A.; Oehmichen, Luis Alberto Garma; Ge, Junqiang; Maia, Marcio Antonio Geimba; Geisler, Doug; Gelfand, Joseph; Goddy, Julian; Gonzalez-Perez, Violeta; Green, Paul; Grier, Catherine J.; Hekker, S.; Hogg, David W.; Holtzman, Jon A.; Horta, Danny; Hou, Jiamin; Hsieh, Bau-Ching; Huber, Daniel; Hunt, Jason A. S.; Chitham, J. Ider; Iv, Charles C. Kirkpatrick; McDermid, Richard M.; Minniti, Dante; Minsley, Rebecca; Mosser, Benoit; Myers, Adam D.; Nandra, Kirpal; do Nascimento, Janaina Correa; Nevin, Rebecca Jean; Newman, Jeffrey A.; Nidever, David L.; Nitschelm, Christian; Noterdaeme, Pasquier; O'Connell, Julia E.; Olmstead, Matthew D.; Oravetz, Daniel; Oravetz, Audrey; Osorio, Yeisson; Pace, Zachary J.; Padilla, Nelson; Palanque-Delabrouille, Nathalie; Pan, Hsi-An; Pan, Kaike; Parker, James; Peirani, Sebastien; Perez-Fournon, Ismael; Perez-Rafols, Ignasi; Petitjean, Patrick; Pieri, Matthew M.; Pinsonneault, Marc; Poovelil, Vijith Jacob; Povick, Joshua Tyler; Price-Whelan, Adrian M.; Raddick, M. Jordan; Raichoor, Anand; Ray, Amy; Rembold, Sandro Barboza; Rezaie, Mehdi; Riffel, Rogemar A.; Riffel, Rogerio; Rix, Hans-Walter; Robin, Annie C.; Roman-Lopes, A.; Rowlands, Kate; Rubin, Kate H. R.; Salvato, Mara; Sanchez, Ariel G.; Sanchez-Menguiano, Laura; Sanchez-Gallego, Jose R. (2020)
    This paper documents the 16th data release (DR16) from the Sloan Digital Sky Surveys (SDSS), the fourth and penultimate from the fourth phase (SDSS-IV). This is the first release of data from the Southern Hemisphere survey of the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment 2 (APOGEE-2); new data from APOGEE-2 North are also included. DR16 is also notable as the final data release for the main cosmological program of the Extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (eBOSS), and all raw and reduced spectra from that project are released here. DR16 also includes all the data from the Time Domain Spectroscopic Survey and new data from the SPectroscopic IDentification of ERosita Survey programs, both of which were co-observed on eBOSS plates. DR16 has no new data from the Mapping Nearby Galaxies at Apache Point Observatory (MaNGA) survey (or the MaNGA Stellar Library "MaStar"). We also preview future SDSS-V operations (due to start in 2020), and summarize plans for the final SDSS-IV data release (DR17).
  • McAlpine, Stuart; Smail, Ian; Bower, Richard G.; Swinbank, A. M.; Trayford, James W.; Theuns, Tom; Baes, Maarten; Camps, Peter; Crain, Robert A.; Schaye, Joop (2019)
    We exploit EAGLE, a cosmological hydrodynamical simulation, to reproduce the selection of the observed submillimetre (submm) galaxy population by selecting the model galaxies at z >= 1 with mock submm fluxes S-850 mu m >= 1mJy. We find a reasonable agreement between the model galaxies within this sample and the properties of the observed submm population, such as their star formation rates (SFRs) at z <3, redshift distribution, and many integrated galaxy properties. We find that the median redshift of the S-850 (mu m) >= 1mJy model population is z approximate to 2.5, and that they are massive galaxies (M-* similar to 10(11)M(circle dot)) with high dust masses (M-dust similar to 10(8)M(circle dot)), gas fractions (f(gas) approximate to 50 per cent), and SFRs ((*) approximate to 100 M-circle dot yr(-1)). In addition, we find that they have major and minor merger fractions similar to the general population, suggesting that mergers are not the sole driver of the high SFRs in the model submm galaxies. Instead, the S-850 (mu m) >= 1mJy model galaxies yield high SFRs primarily because they maintain a significant gas reservoir as a result of hosting an undermassive black hole relative to comparably massive galaxies. Not all 'highly star-forming' ((*) >= 80M(circle dot) yr(-1)) EAGLE galaxies have submm fluxes S-850 (mu m) >= 1 mJy. We investigate the nature of these highly star-forming 'Submm-Faint' galaxies (i.e. (*) = 80 M-circle dot yr(-1) but S-850 (mu m) <1mJy) and find that they are similar to the model submm galaxies, being gas rich and hosting undermassive black holes. However, they are also typically at higher redshifts (z > 4) and are lower mass (M-* similar to 10(10) M-circle dot). These typically higher redshift galaxies show stronger evidence for having been triggered by major mergers, and critically, they are likely missed by most current submm surveys due to their higher dust temperatures and lower dust masses.
  • Jackson, Thomas M.; Rosario, D. J.; Alexander, D. M.; Scholtz, J.; McAlpine, Stuart; Bower, R. G. (2020)
    In this paper, we present data from 72 low-redshift, hard X-ray selected active galactic nucleus (AGN) taken from the Swift-BAT 58 month catalogue. We utilize spectral energy distribution fitting to the optical to infrared photometry in order to estimate host galaxy properties. We compare this observational sample to a volume- and flux-matched sample of AGN from the Evolution and Assembly of GaLaxies and their Environments (EAGLE) hydrodynamical simulations in order to verify how accurately the simulations can reproduce observed AGN host galaxy properties. After correcting for the known +0.2 dex offset in the SFRs between EAGLE and previous observations, we find agreement in the star formation rate (SFR) and X-ray luminosity distributions; however, we find that the stellar masses in EAGLE are 0.2-0.4 dex greater than the observational sample, which consequently leads to lower specific star formation rates (sSFRs). We compare these results to our previous study at high redshift, finding agreement in both the observations and simulations, whereby the widths of sSFR distributions are similar (similar to 0.4-0.6 dex) and the median of the SFR distributions lie below the star-forming main sequence by similar to 0.3-0.5 dex across all samples. We also use EAGLE to select a sample of AGN host galaxies at high and low redshift and follow their characteristic evolution from z = 8 to z = 0. We find similar behaviour between these two samples, whereby star formation is quenched when the black hole goes through its phase of most rapid growth. Utilizing EAGLE we find that 23 per cent of AGN selected at z similar to 0 are also AGN at high redshift, and that their host galaxies are among the most massive objects in the simulation. Overall, we find EAGLE reproduces the observations well, with some minor inconsistencies (similar to 0.2 dex in stellar masses and similar to 0.4 dex in sSFRs).