Browsing by Subject "SUCCESS RATES"

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  • Sunde, Geir Arne; Heltne, Jon-Kenneth; Lockey, David; Burns, Brian; Sandberg, Marten; Fredriksen, Knut; Hufthammer, Karl Ove; Soti, Akos; Lyon, Richard; Jantti, Helena; Kamarainen, Antti; Reid, Bjorn Ole; Silfvast, Tom; Harm, Falko; Sollid, Stephen J. M.; Airport Study Grp (2015)
    Background: Despite numerous studies on prehospital airway management, results are difficult to compare due to inconsistent or heterogeneous data. The objective of this study was to assess advanced airway management from international physician-staffed helicopter emergency medical services. Methods: We collected airway data from 21 helicopter emergency medical services in Australia, England, Finland, Hungary, Norway and Switzerland over a 12-month period. A uniform Utstein-style airway template was used for collecting data. Results: The participating services attended 14,703 patients on primary missions during the study period, and 2,327 (16 %) required advanced prehospital airway interventions. Of these, tracheal intubation was attempted in 92 % of the cases. The rest were managed with supraglottic airway devices (5 %), bag-valve-mask ventilation (2 %) or continuous positive airway pressure (0.2 %). Intubation failure rates were 14.5 % (first-attempt) and 1.2 % (overall). Cardiac arrest patients showed significantly higher first-attempt intubation failure rates (odds ratio: 2.0; 95 % CI: 1.5-2.6; p <0.001) compared to non-cardiac arrest patients. Complications were recorded in 13 %, with recognised oesophageal intubation being the most frequent (25 % of all patients with complications). For non-cardiac arrest patients, important risk predictors for first-attempt failure were patient age (a non-linear association) and administration of sedatives (reduced failure risk). The patient's sex, provider's intubation experience, trauma type (patient category), indication for airway intervention and use of neuromuscular blocking agents were not risk factors for first-attempt intubation failure. Conclusions: Advanced airway management in physician-staffed prehospital services was performed frequently, with high intubation success rates and low complication rates overall. However, cardiac arrest patients showed significantly higher first-attempt failure rates compared to non-cardiac arrest patients. All failed intubations were handled successfully with a rescue device or surgical airway.
  • Sagiv, Oren Yaakov; Nemet, Achia; Achiron, Asaf; Neumann, Doron; Tuuminen, Raimo; Spierer, Oriel (2022)
    Background. To report the outcomes of balloon catheter dilatation and silicone intubation as a sequential secondary surgery under the same anesthesia, a stepwise approach for congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) when probing and irrigation as primary procedure fails. Methods. A retrospective study included children with NLDO who underwent probing and irrigation only, and those who underwent in the same surgery under anesthesia, adjunct balloon catheter dilation and silicone intubation due to difficulty of the probe passage or fluid regurgitation from the punctum. The primary outcome was surgical success defined as resolution of preoperative symptoms and signs at 1 month. Results. A total of 105 NLDO cases were included. Eighty-four cases underwent probing and irrigation only, whereas 21 cases required balloon dilation and silicone intubation consecutively after the first procedure. Patient age at surgery was higher for those requiring balloon dilatation and intubation (30.3 +/- 8.0 months) when compared to those with probing and irrigation only (22.4 +/- 10.3 months, p < 0.001). The onset of symptoms, preoperative clinical findings regarding tearing and discharge and gender distribution of patients were comparable between the two groups. During the follow-up, the overall success rate for probing and irrigation only was 76.2% (64 out of 84 cases) and for balloon dilatation and silicone tube intubation was 90.5% (19 out of 21 cases). Conclusions. The surgical team may prepare to proceed with secondary surgery under the same anesthesia after the initial attempt of probing and irrigation. This stepwise two-stage approach in patients with congenital NLDO failing primary surgery resulted in a high success rate with minimal interventions, avoiding repeated general anesthesia.