Browsing by Subject "SYSTOLIC FUNCTION"

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  • Farmakis, Dimitrios; Agostoni, Piergiuseppe; Baholli, Loant; Bautin, Andrei; Comin-Colet, Josep; Crespo-Leiro, Maria G.; Fedele, Francesco; García-Pinilla, Jose Manuel; Giannakoulas, George; Grigioni, Francesco; Gruchała, Marcin; Gustafsson, Finn; Harjola, Veli-Pekka; Hasin, Tal; Herpain, Antoine; Iliodromitis, Efstathios K.; Karason, Kristjan; Kivikko, Matti; Liaudet, Lucas; Ljubas-Maček, Jana; Marini, Marco; Masip, Josep; Mebazaa, Alexandre; Nikolaou, Maria; Ostadal, Petr; Põder, Pentti; Pollesello, Piero; Polyzogopoulou, Eftihia; Pölzl, Gerhard; Tschope, Carsten; Varpula, Marjut; von Lewinski, Dirk; Vrtovec, Bojan; Yilmaz, Mehmet Birhan; Zima, Endre; Parissis, John (2019)
    Inotropes aim at increasing cardiac output by enhancing cardiac contractility. They constitute the third pharmacological pillar in the treatment of patients with decompensated heart failure, the other two being diuretics and vasodilators. Three classes of parenterally administered inotropes are currently indicated for decompensated heart failure, (i) the beta adrenergic agonists, including dopamine and dobutamine and also the catecholamines epinephrine and norepinephrine, (ii) the phosphodiesterase III inhibitor milrinone and (iii) the calcium sensitizer levosimendan. These three families of drugs share some pharmacologic traits, but differ profoundly in many of their pleiotropic effects. Identifying the patients in need of inotropic support and selecting the proper inotrope in each case remain challenging. The present consensus, derived by a panel meeting of experts from 21 countries, aims at addressing this very issue in the setting of both acute and advanced heart failure. (C) 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.
  • Niemelä, Jussi; Ylänen, Kaisa; Suominen, Anu; Pushparajah, Kuberan; Mathur, Sujeev; Sarkola, Taisto; Jahnukainen, Kirsi; Eerola, Anneli; Poutanen, Tuija; Vettenranta, Kim; Ojala, Tiina (2021)
    Background: The majority of childhood cancer survivors (CCSs) have been exposed to cardiotoxic treatments and often present with modifiable cardiovascular risk factors. Our aim was to evaluate the value of left ventricular (LV) longitudinal strain for increasing the sensitivity of cardiac dysfunction detection among CCSs. Methods: We combined two national cohorts: neuroblastoma and other childhood cancer survivors treated with anthracyclines. The final data consisted of 90 long-term CCSs exposed to anthracyclines and/or high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell rescue and followed up for > 5 years and their controls (n = 86). LV longitudinal strain was assessed with speckle tracking (Qlab) and LV ejection fraction (EF) by three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE). Results: Of the CCSs, 11% (10/90) had abnormal LV longitudinal strain (i.e., < -17.5%); of those, 70% (7/10) had normal 3DE LV EF. Multivariable linear model analysis demonstrated that follow-up time (p = 0.027), sex (p = 0.020), and BMI (p = 0.002) were significantly associated with LV longitudinal strain. Conversely, cardiac risk group, hypertension, age, cumulative anthracycline dose or exposure to chest radiation were not. Conclusion: LV longitudinal strain is a more sensitive method than LV EF for the detection of cardiac dysfunction among CCSs. Therefore, LV longitudinal strain should be added to the screening panel, especially for those with modifiable cardiovascular risk factors.