Browsing by Subject "Somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs)"

Sort by: Order: Results:

Now showing items 1-3 of 3
  • Nevalainen, P.; Marchi, V.; Metsäranta, M.; Lönnqvist, T.; Vanhatalo, S.; Lauronen, L. (2018)
    Objective: To evaluate the reliability of recording cortical somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) in asphyxiated newborns using the 4-electrode setup applied in routine long-term amplitude-integrated EEG (aEEG) brain monitoring and to assess the number of averages needed for reliably detecting the cortical responses. Methods: We evaluated median nerve SEPs in 50 asphyxiated full-term newborns. The SEP interpretation (present or absent) from the original recordings with 21-electrodes and approximately 600 trials served as the reference. This was compared to SEP classification (absent, present, or unreliable) based on a reduced (300 or 150) number of averages, and to classification based on only four electrodes (F3, P3, F4, P4). Results: Compared to the original classification, cortical SEPs were uniformly interpreted as present or absent in all 50 newborns with the 4-electrode setup and 600 averages. Reducing number of averages to 300 still resulted in correct SEP interpretation in 49/50 newborns with 21-electrode setup, and 46/50 newborns with 4-electrode setup. Conclusions: Evaluation of early cortical neonatal SEPs is reliable from the 4-electrode setup commonly used in aEEG monitoring. SEP is discernible in most newborns with 300 averages. Significance: Adding SEP into routine aEEG monitoring offers an additional tool for early neonatal neurophysiological evaluation. © 2018 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
  • Nevalainen, Päivi; Metsäranta, Marjo; Toiviainen-Salo, Sanna; Marchi, Viviana; Mikkonen, Kirsi; Vanhatalo, Sampsa; Lauronen, Leena (2020)
    Purpose: To evaluate the accuracy of hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) grade, and neonatal neurophysiological and neuroimaging measures for predicting development of infantile spasms syndrome (IS) or other postneonatal, infantile onset epilepsy after perinatal HIE. Methods: We examined a population-based cohort of 92 consequent infants with moderate-to-severe HIE. The HIE grade and neonatal neuroimaging (MRI) and neurophysiology (EEG and somatosensory evoked potentials, SEPs) findings were compared to the development of IS or other epilepsy within the first year of life. Results: Out of 74 surviving infants with follow-up information, five developed IS and one developed a focal onset epilepsy. They all had recovered from severe HIE. All survivors with inactive neonatal EEG (recorded within the first few postnatal days, n = 4) or the most severe type of brain injury in MRI (n = 3) developed epilepsy (positive predictive value, PPV 100 %). Bilaterally absent SEPs had 100 % sensitivity and 75 % PPV for epilepsy. A combination of absent SEPs and a poor MRI finding (combined deep and cortical gray matter injury) resulted in higher PPV (86 %) without lowering sensitivity (100 %). Follow-up EEGs showed recurrent epileptiform activity already between 1- and 2-months age in those that developed epilepsy, distinguishing them from those surviving without epilepsy. Conclusions: Poor neonatal neuroimaging and neurophysiological findings provide accurate prediction for development of infantile onset epilepsy after HIE. Of the neonates with severe HIE, the ones with severe neonatal MRI and neurophysiological abnormalities need frequent follow-up, including repeated EEGs, for early detection of IS.
  • Nevalainen, Päivi; Metsäranta, Marjo; Marchi, Viviana; Toiviainen-Salo, Sanna; Vanhatalo, Sampsa; Lauronen, Leena (2021)
    Background: Somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) offer an additional bedside tool for outcome prediction after perinatal asphyxia. Aims: To assess the reliability of SEPs recorded with bifrontoparietal amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) brain monitoring setup for outcome prediction in asphyxiated newborns undergoing therapeutic hypothermia. Study design: Retrospective observational single-center study. Subjects: 27 consecutive asphyxiated fullor near-term newborns (25 under hypothermia) that underwent median nerve aEEG-SEPs as part of their clinical evaluation at the neonatal intensive care unit of Helsinki University Hospital. Outcome measures: aEEG-SEP classification (present, absent or unreliable) was compared to classification of SEPs recorded with a full EEG montage (EEG-SEP), and outcome determined from medical records at approximately 12-months-age. Unfavorable outcome included death, cerebral palsy, or severe epilepsy. Results: The aEEG-SEP and EEG-SEP classifications were concordant in 21 of the 22 newborns with both recordings available. All five newborns with bilaterally absent aEEG-SEPs had absent EEG-SEPs and the four with outcome information available had an unfavorable outcome (one was lost to follow-up). Of the newborns with aEEG-SEPs present, all with follow-up exams available had bilaterally present EEG-SEPs and a favorable outcome (one was lost to follow-up). One newborn with unilaterally absent aEEG-SEP at 25 h of age had bilaterally present EEG-SEPs on the next day, and a favorable outcome. Conclusions: aEEG-SEPs recorded during therapeutic hypothermia on the first postnatal days are reliable for assessing brain injury severity. Adding SEP into routine aEEG brain monitoring offers an additional tool for very early outcome prediction after birth asphyxia.