Browsing by Subject "TREPONEMA-DENTICOLA"

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  • Kylmä, Anna Kaisa; Jouhi, Lauri; Mohamed, Hesham; Randen-Brady, Reija; Mäkitie, Antti; Atula, Timo; Haglund, Caj; Sorsa, Timo; Hagström, Jaana (2020)
    Objectives: In oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC), toll-like receptors (TLR) 5 and 7 associate with the tumor's human papilloma virus (HPV) status (Jouhi et al., 2017). TLR 2, on the other hand, has been linked to head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), and to oral carcinogenesis (Farnebo et al., 2015; Binder Gallimidi et al., 2015). Here we investigated the presence of TLR 2 and 4 in HPV-positive and HPV-negative OPSCC, and their relationship to opportunistic oral pathogen Treponema denticola chymotrypsin-like protease (Td-CTLP) immunoexpression, clinical parameters, and patient outcome. Materials and methods: Clinicopathological data of 198 unselected consecutive OPSCC patients came from hospital registries. Immunoexpression of TLRs 2 and 4 we evaluated by immunohistochemistry, and earlier in this patient series we studied immunoexpression of Td-CTLP and HPV DNA, HPV mRNA, and p16 status. Results: Immunoexpression of both TLRs 2 and 4 showed a significant association with HPV-status. Strong expression was associated with HPV-positivity and mild expression with HPV-negativity. Patients with strong TLR 2 immunoexpression in the HPV negative subgroup had significantly poorer 5-year DSS (58%) than did patients with mild TLR 2 expression (77%), and strong TLR 2 immunoexpression remained as an independent factor linked to increased disease mortality in the multivariable setting (P = 0.019). No association existed between TLR 2 or 4 and Td-CTLP expression. Conclusion: Our results support the role of TLR 2 receptor as a possible target for development of therapeutics as earlier proposed (Farnebo et al., 2015). The involvement of Td and other oral pathogens in carcinogenesis of OPSCC, remains open and calls for further study.
  • Hallikainen, Joona; Keränen, Sara; Savolainen, Jarno; Närhi, Matti; Suominen, Anna Liisa; Ylöstalo, Pekka; Kellokoski, Jari; Pyysalo, Mikko; Pussinen, Pirkko; Rauramaa, Tuomas; Frösen, Juhana (2021)
    Degeneration of intracranial aneurysm wall is under active research and recent studies indicate an increased risk of rupture of intracranial aneurysm among patients with periodontal diseases. In addition, oral bacterial DNA has been identified from wall samples of ruptured and unruptured aneurysms. These novel findings led us to evaluate if oral diseases could predispose to pathological changes seen on intracranial aneurysm walls eventually leading to subarachnoid hemorrhage. The aim of this review is to consider mechanisms on the relationship between periodontitis and aneurysm rupture, focusing on recent evidence.
  • Hallikainen, Joona; Pyysalo, Mikko; Keränen, Sara; Kellokoski, Jari; Koivisto, Timo; Suominen, Anna Liisa; Pussinen, Pirkko; Pessi, Tanja; Frosen, Juhana (2021)
    Background and purpose Periodontal infections are associated with the formation and rupture of intracranial aneurysms (IAs). This study investigated the role of two key periodontal pathogens, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. Methods Immunoglobulin A (IgA) and IgG antibodies against P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans were measured with enzyme immune assay from the serum of 227 IA patients, of whom 64 also underwent clinical oral examination. As a control group, 1096 participants in a cross-sectional health survey, Health 2000, underwent serological studies and oral examination. Logistic regression was used for multivariate analysis. Immunohistochemistry was performed to demonstrate bacteria-derived epitopes in the IA wall. Results Widespread gingivitis and severe periodontitis were more common in IA patients than in controls (2x and 1.5x, respectively). IgA antibodies against P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans were 1.5x and 3-3.4x higher, respectively, in both unruptured and ruptured IA patients compared to controls (p