Browsing by Subject "Tattoo"

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  • Kluger, Nicolas (2020)
    Complications associated with tattoos are mostly of cutaneous origin. They include chiefly ink allergy, local infection, benign tumors or malignant lesions and elective localization of various dermatoses. Tattoo-related systemic diseases and infections have more rarely been described, the most common being sarcoidosis and hepatitis C. However, unusual associations have also been reported, even though they may be anecdotal or likely unrelated with the procedure. (C) 2020 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
  • Kluger, Nicolas; Sleth, Jean-Christian (2020)
    Since 2002, it has been unclear whether epidural analgesia (EA) could safe through a lower back tattoo. Theoretical risks of pigment tissue coring have led to precautionary measures and misconception that EA should be excluded. We reviewed chronologically the 18 years of medical literature summarizing the so-called risks of EA through lower back tattoo in parturient women. To date, no convincing complication has been ever reported after an EA through a tattoo. We hope this review will bring a closure to a 18-year-old "non-issue'' that has poisoned and stressed unnecessarily a generation of parturient. (C) 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.
  • Kluger, N.; Ahava, R. (2021)
    Introduction: Data regarding tattoos among football players are limited. We investigated the prevalence and characteristics of tattoos among elite players over a full season in the Spanish La Liga. We assessed whether tattoos had any impact on the performance and behavior of players and teams on the pitch. Materials and methods: Demographic (age, geographic origin, position), performance (goal-scoring) and disciplinary data (yellow/red cards received) for 476 players and overall team statistics over the 2018-2019 season were analyzed according to the presence of visible tattoos (head and neck, upper arms, lower limbs) for each player. Results: Of the 472 players analyzed, 160 (36%) had visible tattoos (upper limbs, 99%; lower limbs, 18.5%; head and neck, 12%), most of which were in black ink (83%). Players from South and Central America had the highest prevalence of visible tattoos (50%) and significantly more head and neck tattoos than Europeans (19% vs. 10% P = 0.02). Tattoos were not significantly related to players' age or position. The mean number of goals scored was higher in the tattooed player group (2.7 +/- 4.6 goals vs. 1.9 +/- 3.3; P = 0.013). There was a correlation between having tattoos and number of goals (Spearman rho 0.103, P = 0.034). Tattooed players were more likely to have received >= 1 yellow card (91% vs. 83.5%, P = 0.03). There was no difference regarding red cards received (15 vs. 14%, P > 0.05). The mean number of yellow cards was higher among players with tattoos than those without (4.4 +/- 3.2 vs. 3.6 +/- 3.2; P = 0.01). However, the proportion of tattooed players in a team did not influence the overall team outcomes. The results were no longer significant when we included only players taking part in at least in 22 matches. Conclusion: Among footballers in La Liga, 36% had visible tattoos, with individual variations attributable to differences in geographic, social, cultural and religious background. Having tattoos was associated with certain aspects of individual performance and discipline. The question whether this factor should be taken into consideration by players' agents and team managers remains open. (c) 2020 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.