Browsing by Subject "Thrombolysis"

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  • Räty, Silja; Martinez-Majander, Nicolas; Suomalainen, Olli; Sibolt, Gerli; Tiainen, Marjaana; Valkonen, Kati; Sairanen, Tiina; Forss, Nina; Curtze, Sami (2021)
    Background: There is contradicting evidence on the outcome of emergency patients treated during weekends versus weekdays. We studied if outcome of ischemic stroke patients receiving intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) differs according to the treatment time. Methods: Our retrospective study included consecutive patients receiving IVT within 4.5 h of stroke onset between June 1995 and December 2018 at the Helsinki University Hospital. The patients were compared based on the treatment initiation either during weekdays (Monday to Friday) or weekend (Saturday and Sunday). The primary outcome was 3-month mortality and secondary outcomes comprised 3-month modified Rankin Scale (mRS) and incidence of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH). Additional analyses studied the effect of IVT treatment according to non-office hours, time of day, and season. Results: Of the 3980 IVT-treated patients, 28.0% received treatment during weekends. Mortality was similar after weekend (10.0%) and weekday (10.6%) admissions in the multivariable regression analysis (OR 0.78; 95% CI 0.59-1.03). Neither 3-month mRS (OR 0.98; 95% CI 0.86-1.12), nor the occurrence of sICH (4.2% vs 4.6%; OR 0.87; 95% CI 0.60-1.26) differed between the groups. No outcome difference was observed between the office vs non-office hours or by the time of day. However, odds for worse outcome were higher during autumn (OR 1.19; 95% CI 1.04-1.35) and winter (OR 1.15; 95% CI 1.01-1.30). Conclusion: We did not discover any weekend effect for IVT-treated stroke patients. This confirms that with standardized procedures, an equal quality of care can be provided to patients requiring urgent treatment irrespective of time.
  • Waltimo, Tuure (Helsingfors universitet, 2016)
    Background and purpose: Most guidelines for intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) in acute ischaemic stroke patients advise keeping systolic blood pressure (BP) below 180/105 mmHg prior to the bolus injection. Less is known about optimal management of BP thereafter. We assessed temporal changes in post-thrombolytic systolic BP values and their impact on development of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH). Methods: The study cohort included 1868 consecutive acute ischaemic stroke patients treated with IVT at the Helsinki University Central Hospital. sICH was defi ned according to the European Cooperative Acute Stroke Study II (ECASS-II) (primary outcome), National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, and Safe Implementation of Thrombolysis in Stroke criteria. We evaluated BP at admission, prior to IVT and at 2, 4, 8, 12, 24 and 48 h after thrombolysis. We used univariate and multivariable models to test the effect of BP at various time-points on development of post-thrombolytic sICH. Results: Prevalence of sICH in the cohort was 5.8% (ECASS-II). Patients with sICH had significantly higher systolic BP at several time-points after IVT compared with those without sICH (P < 0.01 at 2 and 4 h; P < 0.05 at 12 and 48 h). The odds ratios for development of sICH per 10 mmHg increase in BP were 1.14 [95% confi dence interval (CI), 1.03–1.25], 1.14 (95% CI, 1.03–1.25), 1.12 (95% CI, 1.01–1.23) and 1.12 (95% CI, 1.01–1.23), respectively. At 8 h, we observed a trend (P = 0.07) for ECASS-II and a significant effect (P < 0.05) for National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, and Safe Implementation of Thrombolysis in Stroke criteria. Thus, the only timepoint with no difference observed was 24 h. Conclusions: Patients with post-thrombolytic sICH have signifi cantly higher systolic BP at several time-points compared with patients without sICH.