Browsing by Subject "ULTRASONOGRAPHY"

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  • Blomqvist, Kim H.; Lundbom, Jesper; Lundbom, Nina; Sepponen, Raimo E. (2011)
  • Holopainen, Elina; Vakkilainen, Svetlana; Mäkitie, Outi (2018)
    BackgroundPatients with cartilage-hair hypoplasia (CHH), a rare metaphyseal chondrodysplasia, manifest severe growth failure, variable immunodeficiency and increased risk of malignancies. The impact of CHH on gynecologic and reproductive health is unknown. Vulnerability to genital infections may predispose CHH patients to prolonged human papillomavirus (HPV) infections potentially leading to cervical, vaginal and vulvar cancer.MethodsWe carried out gynecologic evaluation, pelvic ultrasound and laboratory assessment in 19 women with genetically confirmed CHH. All patients were clinically examined and retrospective data were collected from hospital records.ResultsThe women ranged in age from 19.2 to 70.8years (median 40.8years) and in height from 103 to 150cm (median 123cm). All women had undergone normal pubertal development as assessed by breast development according to Tanner scale and by age of menarche (mean 12.5yrs., range 11-14yrs). Despite significant short stature and potentially small pelvic diameters, a well-developed uterus with fairly normal size and shape was found by pelvic ultrasound in mostof the patients. Ovarian follicle reserve, assessed by ultrasound was normal in relation to age in all premenopausal women it could be assessed (12 cases). Anti-Mullerian hormone was normal in relation to age in 17 women (89%). HPV was detected in 44% (8/18) and three women carried more than one HPV serotype; findings did not associate with immunological parameters. Three patients had a concurrent cell atypia in Pap smear.ConclusionsPubertal development, reproductive hormones and ovarian structure and function were usually normal in women with CHH suggesting fairly normal reproductive health. However, the immunodeficiency characteristic to CHH may predispose the patients to HPV infections. High prevalence of HPV infections detected in this series highlights the importance of careful gynecologic follow up of these patients.
  • Kirss, Jaan; Pinta, Tarja; Rautio, Tero; Varpe, Pirita; Kairaluoma, Matti; Hyöty, Marja; Hurme, Saija; Böckelman, Camilla; Kairaluoma, Valtteri; Salmenkylä, Sinikka; Victorzon, Mikael (2018)
    PurposeThe aim of this multicentre study was to analyse the effects of patent sphincter lesions and previous sphincter repair on the results of sacral neuromodulation (SNM) treatment on patients with faecal incontinence (FI).MethodsPatients examined by endoanal ultrasound (EAUS) with FI as the indication for SNM treatment were included in the study. Data was collected from all the centres providing SNM treatment in Finland and analysed for differences in treatment outcomes.ResultsA total of 237 patients treated for incontinence with SNM had been examined by EAUS. Of these patients, 33 had a history of previous delayed sphincter repair. A patent sphincter lesion was detected by EAUS in 128 patients. The EAUS finding did not influence the SNM test phase outcome (p=0.129) or the final treatment outcome (p=0.233). Patient's history of prior sphincter repair did not have a significant effect on the SNM test (p=0.425) or final treatment outcome (p=0.442).ConclusionsResults of our study indicate that a sphincter lesion or previous sphincter repair has no significant effect on the outcome of SNM treatment. Our data suggests that delayed sphincter repair prior to SNM treatment initiation for FI is not necessary.