Browsing by Subject "Urban development"

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  • Salmi, Jelena (2019)
    This paper ethnographically explores the repercussions of the large-scale displacement and resettlement of slum-dwellers in the city of Ahmedabad, India, where state-sponsored urban development aimed at the creation of a slum-free world-class city is strongly personified around the figure of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Based on ten months’ fieldwork in the slum resettlement site of Sadbhavna Nagar in 2015–2016, I explore the intricacies of betrayal resulting from world-class city making. First, I sug-gest that infrastructure interventions and futuristic imaginaries invoked dreams of a better future among the poor, but resulted in a sense of having been betrayed by both Modi and the state when people were physically and discursively excluded from the world-class city. Second, I demonstrate how resettled people have engaged in micro-level practices of betrayal by mobilizing middle-class “nuisance talk” (Ghertner 2012) to denigrate their new, unwanted neighbors. I argue that the perceived betrayal by the state trickles down and translates into a betrayal of neighbors in the resettlement site, reinforcing the pre-existing inequalities of caste and religion among the urban poor.
  • Kondakov, Alexander (Routledge, 2018)
    Interdisciplinary Studies in Sex for Sale
    (instead of abstract) This chapter deals with the law on sex work in contemporary Russia and highlights the role of a particular actor in economic transactions of the sex for sale, the police. I will analyse the tension that informs the current definition of sex work as a vicious criminal act of ‘prostitution’ on the one hand, and as an everyday normalised economic activity on the other. This analysis is undertaken within socio-spatial thinking, or ‘the idea that there exists a mutually influential and formative relation between the social and the spatial dimensions of human life, each shaping the other in similar ways’ (Soja 2010: 3). I look at the city as having at least in part been produced as a result of power relations in negotiations between sex workers and police officers who struggle for the right to the city using those legal tools available to them. This is the struggle for the right to use the city on one’s own terms, a process known as spatial justice.
  • Lund, Virpi; Kerosuo, Hannele (2019)
    This paper contributes to the study of agency by addressing the reciprocal development of collective agency and the object of common space. The aim is to investigate residents’ collective agency in urban development from the perspective of cultural-historical activity theory (CHAT) with the help of applied ethnography. Residents’ workshops focusing on the capacity to act together collectively provided a space for the residents to share their needs for a common space. The development of the collective agency of the residents began by expressing their individual needs in the development of their neighborhood. The collective elaboration of the fragmented needs in the residents’ workshops enabled the formation of a joint object with the aid of cultural means and tools and with expansions of the object. In this study we provide an overview of the reciprocal development of residents’ collective agency and the object of ‘space’. Our findings call attention to 1) the significance of the joint object in coordinating the fragmented needs of the residents, 2) new participatory practices which enable the long process of transitions in the formation of the joint object, and 3) guidance and support that allowed the residents’ local place-based knowledge to emerge and promote their participation.