Browsing by Subject "Vanhemmuus"

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  • Hurtig, Anna-Riikka (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    The discussion about parenting revolves around what is good parenting and the well-being of children. There is less talk about how to be a good parent and how to support parenting. The aim of this thesis is to find out what kind of support families with children feel they need, where to seek help from and how families with children would like to improve their services. The thesis also opens up the Finnish family service system for children. The thesis has been implemented by means of qualitative research methods. Seven mothers of families with children from two Finnish provinces have been interviewed for the study. The material was collected through a semi-structured theme interview and analyzed using qualitative content analysis and thematization. The interviews were conducted between December and January 2019-2020. The study revealed that social support has a significant impact on mothers' coping with their family with children. Families receive the most support from their own social networks. It is hoped that community services will support the well-being of the whole family. Mothers' experiences revealed beliefs and outside attitudes about coping culture that partially prevented them from seeking or getting services. Mothers hope that support will be offered automatically.
  • Alasuutari, Nea (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    Goals. The purpose of this study was to find out what kind of information and support parents need during their baby’s first year and to map out the mental and social support the parents need. The aim for the study was to describe the views of the parents about their needs, and to find the differences between the two groups, which consisted of parents with previous children and parents that are having their first child. The theory section of the study deals with the parenthood itself and the transition towards parenthood, the mental wellbeing of the parents as well as the meaning of the first years of life for the future development of the child. The previous studies about the needs of the parents are also acknowledged. Methodology. This study was constructed as a mixed methods research, in which quantitative and qualitative phases combine. The data collected from the Parental Box research was used as the material for the study. The data was collected from parents with children under one year of age, and it was collected by using questionnaires, which included both open and close ended questions. The questionnaire included 21 factors for support and information needs, and the parents needed to evaluate their answers in a scale of 1 to 5, where 1 stands for never and 5 stands for very often. The analysis of data was based on 373 answers that were analysed in SPSS statistics program. The methods used were counting descriptive statistics, factor analysis and determination of the sum variables. Open-ended questions about the needs of the parents considering information and support were analysed using qualitative content analysis after quantitative analyses. Results and conclusions. The study indicated that the parents need different kinds of information and support during their baby’s first year. In the quantitative analysis, the support for the parenthood was organised into five different aspects: the basic care of the child, sleeping, crying, development and health of the child and the wellbeing of the parent. However, the need for information and support for the parents were not particularly important in the quantitative analysis. The most support the parents seemed to need considered the health and development of the child. The basic care of the child was the aspect that needed the least support. The results show that the parents who are having their first child need more overall information and support than their counterparts, for whom the baby is not the first. The biggest difference in the average answers of the groups considered the sleep of the baby and the smallest difference the cry of the baby. When answering the open-ended questions, the parents highlighted the need for peer support. The need for concrete help in running everyday life and doing chores in their homes was also needed. Furthermore, the results indicated that the role of maternity clinic or guidance centre was received with mixed feelings. The most things that parents need, seem to be current and reliable source for information and increase in peer support as well as concrete help in and around their house.
  • Mäki-Lehto, Agneta (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    Helsingin ensikoti (perustettu 1942) on osa järjestöä, joka tarjoaa lastensuojelun palveluja. Toiminnan tavoitteena on tukea vauvaperheitä, jotta he voisivat pärjätä itsenäisesti tai kevyemmän tuen avulla omassa kodissaan huolehtien vauvastaan riittävän hyvin. Vanhemmuus koetaan usein haastavaksi ja tähän vaikuttavat sekä vanhemman tilanne ja tausta, vauvan temperamentti mutta myös yhteiskunnan asettamat odotukset vanhemmuudelle. Tavoitteena on selvittää vanhempien kokemuksia ensikodin toiminnasta. Mitkä tekijät ensikotikuntoutuksessa olivat merkityksellisiä äideille ja auttoi heitä selviytymään? Entä mitkä olivat mahdollisesti selviytymistä haittaavat tekijät? Aineistona on viisi puolistrukturoitua teemahaastattelua. Haastattelut tehtiin ensikodissa asuneille äideille, jotka ensikotikuntoutusjakson jälkeen olivat voineet muuttaa omaan kotiin yhdessä vauvansa kanssa. Haastattelut analysoitiin tulkitsevan fenomenologisen analyysin (IPA) avulla. Yhteisökuntoutuksen tärkeimpiä elementtejä ovat sosiaalinen tuki sekä sosiaalinen oppiminen. Tutkielmassa käy ilmi, että haastateltujen äitien Ensikodissa saamat kokemukset psyykkisestä ja fyysisestä turvallisuudesta, kohdatuksi tulemisesta sekä heidän kuntoutuksessa kokemansa korjaavat kokemukset, sosiaalinen tuki ja sosiaalinen oppiminen johtavat vanhemmuuden vahvistumiseen. Tähän prosessiin vaikuttaa lisäksi vanhempien oma toimijuus. Traumatyön viitekehys ja vakauttavat työmenetelmät ovat keskeisiä tulosten saavuttamiseksi. Tutkielmassa käy myös ilmi vanhempien erilaisia kokemuksia riittämättömästä tuesta Ensikodissa. Erityisesti nousee esille riittämätön lastenhoitoapu sekä joillekin äideille kuntoutusjakson riittämätön kesto. Ne äidit, jotka kokivat saaneensa liian vähän lastenhoitoapua, kokivat sen vaikuttavan kielteisesti omaan jaksamiseensa. Ne äidit, joiden ensikotijaksot olivat lyhyet, tai joihin usein haettiin jatkoaikaa, kokivat tämän epävarmuuden aiheuttavan heille merkittävää ylimääräistä huolta ja stressiä ja sitä kautta haittaavan heidän kuntoutustaan. Yhteisökuntoutus Ensikodissa on tukenut vanhemmuuden vahvistumista. Yhteiskunnallisesti toiminnalla voi olla suuri merkitys ylisukupolvisten ongelmien katkaisemisessa. Vanhempien erilaisia kokemuksia riittämättömästä tuesta tulisi ottaa vakavasti, jotta ensikotitoiminnassa ei esimerkiksi syyllistyttäisi yhteiskunnassa vallitsevaan itsepärjäämisen kulttuurin vahvistamiseen.
  • Palmu, Minna (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    The aim of this thesis is to participate in the ongoing conversation concerning home and school cooperation, in which the upbringing responsibilities are being negotiated and the relations of home and school are structured and reorganized. Home-School partnership offers an ideal cooperation model in which the parents have equal opportunities to make their voices heard. On the other hand, the idea of partnership has been criticized because the core elements of equality, trust, voluntary and participation do not consider the unequal power relations between parents and teachers. Previous research has shown that the rhetoric of Home-School partnership usually differs from the way partnership is practiced in school settings. The rhetoric emphasizes agency, activity and dynamics of the parents but when put in practice parents are usually seen as passive crowd, passive receivers of information, participants of events, volunteers and non-participating supporters. I participate in this ongoing conversation with the help of two research questions, which I approached by using the elements of discursive analysis. My research questions are: 1. What are the Home-School partnership ideals the barometer respondent parents are building in their responses, and what kind of tensions these ideals might include? And 2. What kind of parenthood is possible within these ideals? My research data consists of one open ended question of the Parents 2018 Barometer, which I interpreted as a structuralised e-form interview question. As an answer to my research questions I identified four Home-School partnership ideals. These ideals included tensions, which came apparent when parents were building their Home-School partnership with other parents of the school and when the parents were problematizing their participation in relation of trust, the school practises and the voluntary aspect of Home-School partnership. The findings of this thesis also show based on the partnership that there are a variety of possible parenthood identities to parents in these ideals which can be conflicting and challenging to each other.