Browsing by Subject "Water-holding capacity"

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  • Zhang, Yuemei; Magro, Arianna; Puolanne, Eero; Zotte, Antonella Dalle; Ertbjerg, Per (2021)
    This study aimed to investigate the effect of storage at -3 ?C on myofibrillar protein in fast or slow frozen pork. Five pork loins at 48 h post-mortem were subjected to either fast (cold metal plate/-80 ?C) or slow freezing (still air/-20 ?C) followed by storage at -3 ?C for 0, 1, 3, and 7 days before thawing. Freezing rate significantly influenced myofibrillar proteins within 3 days at -3 ?C, evidenced by higher thaw loss, higher surface hydrophobicity and reduced water-holding of myofibrils, and accelerated appearance of a myosin-4 fragment (160 kDa) in slow freezing. However, these observed differences disappeared after 7 days of storage at -3 ?C. The meat pH after thawing did not differ between fast and slow freezing rate. However, the pH values after thawing in both groups decreased with extended storage at -3 ?C. Our results suggest that the beneficial effects of fast freezing are gradually lost by holding at -3 ?C due to more extensive protein denaturation.
  • Wang, Hang; Luo, Yongkang; Ertbjerg, Per (2017)
    Minced beef was stored for 8 days and myofibrillar protein (MP) was extracted to investigate the effect of oxygen concentration (0, 20, 40, 60, and 80%) in modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) on heat-induced gel properties. Compression force of gels was lower when prepared from beef packaged in 0% oxygen, intermediate in 20 to 60% oxygen and greater in 80% oxygen. Total water loss of gels prepared from beef packaged with oxygen (20-80%) was higher and rheology measurements presented higher G' and G '' values. Additionally, gels from beef packaged without oxygen exhibited higher J (t) values during creep and recovery tests, demonstrating that oxygen exposure of meat during storage in MAP affect MP in such a way that heat-induced protein gels alter their characteristics. Generally, storage with oxygen in MAP resulted in stronger and more elastic MP gels, which was observed already at a relative low oxygen concentration of 20%. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.