Browsing by Subject "Weight loss"

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  • Zhu, Ruixin; Craciun, Ionut; Bernhards-Werge, Jan; Jalo, Elli; Poppitt, Sally D.; Silvestre, Marta P.; Huttunen-Lenz, Maija; McNarry, Melitta A.; Stratton, Gareth; Handjiev, Svetoslav; Handjieva-Darlenska, Teodora; Navas-Carretero, Santiago; Sundvall, Jouko; Adam, Tanja C.; Drummen, Mathijs; Simpson, Elizabeth J.; Macdonald, Ian A.; Brand-Miller, Jennie; Muirhead, Roslyn; Lam, Tony; Vestentoft, Pia S.; Faerch, Kristine; Martinez, J. Alfredo; Fogelholm, Mikael; Raben, Anne (2022)
  • Pajula, Susanna; Jyränki, Janne; Tukiainen, Erkki; Koljonen, Virve (2019)
    Body contouring surgery following massive weight loss positively affects a patient's quality of life. However, the procedure is prone to complications. Herein, we stratified complications timewise. Furthermore, we examined whether the weight loss method - bariatric surgery or lifestyle changes - affected the frequency or severity of complications. In this single-centre retrospective analysis, we included 158 patients with massive weight loss undergoing body contouring surgery between 2009 and 2015. We recorded 96 complications in 80 patients, with an overall rate of 51%. Most complications (80.2%) were minor (Clavien-Dindo grades 1 and 2) and superficial wound infections. Immediate complications (0-24 hours postoperation) affected 8.3% of patients, with early complications (1-7 post-operative days) affecting 16.7% of them and late complications (8-30 post-operative days) affecting 58.3% of them. We found no statistical difference in complication rates when comparing bariatric and non-bariatric patients. Older age (p = 0.042) at operation is associated with an increased risk for immediate haematoma or bleeding requiring surgery. Among early complications, a high maximum weight (p = 0.035) and a high preoperative weight (p = 0.0053) significantly correlated with a haematoma or bleeding requiring surgery. For late complications, seroma correlated with older age (p =0.0061). Complications are primarily minor and non-life threatening after body contouring surgery because of frequent massive weight loss. Here, no particular subgroup of massive weight loss patients appeared more prone to complications. Thus, for each patient, the risks associated with body contouring surgery following massive weight loss should be considered individually. (C) 2018 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Hansen, Sylvia; Huttunen-Lenz, Maija; Sluik, Diewertje; Brand-Miller, Jennie; Drummen, Mathijs; Fogelholm, Mikael; Handjieva-Darlenska, Teodora; Macdonald, Ian; Martinez, Alfredo J.; Larsen, Thomas Meinert; Poppitt, Sally; Raben, Anne; Schlicht, Wolfgang (2018)
    PurposeWeight loss has been demonstrated to be a successful strategy in diabetes prevention. Although weight loss is greatly influenced by dietary behaviors, social-cognitive factors play an important role in behavioral determination. This study aimed to identify demographic and social-cognitive factors (intention, self-efficacy, outcome expectancies, social support, and motivation with regard to dietary behavior and goal adjustment) associated with weight loss in overweight and obese participants from the PREVIEW study who had pre-diabetes.MethodProspective correlational data from 1973 adult participants were analyzed. The participants completed psychological questionnaires that assessed social-cognitive variables with regard to dietary behavior. Stepwise multiple regression analyses were performed to identify baseline demographic and social-cognitive factors associated with weight loss.ResultsOverall, being male, having a higher baseline BMI, having a higher income, perceiving fewer disadvantages of a healthy diet (outcome expectancies), experiencing less discouragement for healthy eating by family and friends (social support), and lower education were independently linked to greater weight loss. When evaluating females and males separately, education was no longer associated with weight loss.ConclusionThe results indicate that a supportive environment in which family members and friends avoid discouraging healthy eating, with the application of a strategy that uses specific behavior change techniques to emphasize the benefits of outcomes, i.e., the benefits of a healthy diet, may support weight loss efforts. Weight loss programs should therefore always address the social environment of persons who try to lose body weight because family members and friends can be important supporters in reaching a weight loss goal.
  • Uimonen, Mikko; Repo, Jussi P.; Homsy, Pauliina; Jahkola, Tiina; Poulsen, Lotte; Roine, Risto P.; Sintonen, Harri; Popov, Pentscho (2021)
    Background: Due to lack of validated body contouring-specific patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments, the outcomes of abdominoplasty after massive weight loss have been evaluated rather rarely and mainly using generic health-related quality of life (HRQoL) instruments. The aim of the current study was to examine, using body contouring-specific (BODY-Q) and generic (15D) HRQoL instruments, the HRQoL, and key factors related to HRQoL among patients having undergone massive weight loss and abdominoplasty. Methods: Altogether 52 patients who underwent abdominoplasty due to massive weight loss completed the BODY-Q and the 15D HRQoL instruments. The 15D scores were compared to those of age-, gender-, and BMI-adjusted control sample of the general population. Results: The mean score of the BODY-Q Abdomen scale was 50.7 out of 100 (SD 24.4). The HRQoL of abdominoplasty patients was lower than that of age-, gender-, and BMI-adjusted general population (p = 0.001). Sleeping, discomfort and symptoms, depression, excretion, and sexual activity were the patients' main concerns. Body image and psychological well-being were strongly associated with the perceived HRQoL. The satisfaction with appearance of the abdominal area was not associated with generic HRQoL. Conclusions: The HRQoL of abdominoplasty patients is lower than that of general population with similar age, gender and BMI. The most important factors associated with the HRQoL of the patients were body image, psychological well-being, and physical function. (C) 2020 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Sakki, Anniina J.; Makinen, Laura K.; Kanerva, Mervi; Nokso-Koivisto, Johanna (2021)
    Objectives: To compare postoperative self-reported recovery results with monopolar tonsillotomy and cold dissection tonsillectomy in children. To evaluate the feasibility of the monopolar technique in tonsillotomy. Methods: Children Results: Altogether 166 patients were recruited; 103 (62%) returned the questionnaire. The first pain-free day with tonsillotomy was day 5 and with tonsillectomy day 11. After tonsillotomy, patients returned to normal activities faster, e.g. they were able to eat normally 6.5 days earlier than tonsillectomy patients. During the first postoperative week weight dropped after tonsillectomy, but not after tonsillotomy. The length of home care was 6 days with tonsillotomy and 10 days with tonsillectomy. The incidence of postoperative hemorrhage (including minor bleedings at home) was 14% after tonsillotomy and 32% after tonsillectomy. Hemorrhages needing interventions were 0% with tonsillotomy and 2% with tonsillectomy. Conclusion: Children operated on with monopolar tonsillotomy recovered faster and had less postoperative hemorrhage than those undergoing tonsillectomy. They were able to return earlier to daycare/school and their caregivers back to work. Recovery results with monopolar tonsillotomy were equal to other tonsillotomy techniques reported in the literature, hence the monopolar technique can be considered an alternative method to perform tonsillotomy.
  • Kakela, Pirjo; Mannisto, Ville; Ilves, Imre; Vaittinen, Maija; Tauriainen, Milla-Maria; Eskelinen, Matti; Gylling, Helena; Paajanen, Hannu; Pihlajamaki, Jussi (2017)
    Gallstone disease (GD) has been associated with low serum levels of plant sterols. We evaluated the impact of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) on the association of GD with low levels of serum plant sterols. Two hundred forty-two consecutive morbidly obese patients were recruited to this prospective study. Histological analysis of liver biopsy to diagnose NAFLD was performed. Bile sample was taken during the LRYGB. Associations of GD with serum non-cholesterol sterol to cholesterol ratios, measured using gas liquid chromatography and with mRNA expression of genes participating in the cholesterol, bile, and fatty acid metabolism in the liver, were analyzed. Out of the 242 participants, 95 had GD. Lower weight (p = 0.002) and female sex (p = 0.0006) were associated with GD. Serum plant sterols, campesterol (p = 0.003), sitosterol (p = 0.002), and avenasterol (p = 0.015), were lower in patients with GD compared to those without GD. This association remained significant after adjustment for NAFLD, use of statin medication, and previous laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LCC). Levels of sitosterol (p = 0.001) and campesterol (p = 0.001) remained lower in obese individuals with GD also after obesity surgery. Liver mRNA expression of genes regulating cholesterol synthesis and bile metabolism was increased in individuals with GD. Serum plant sterols were lower in patients with GD independent of NAFLD, history of LCC, use of statin medication, and weight loss after LRYGB. Low serum plant sterols in patients with GD suggest potentially inherited alterations in sterol absorption and biliary transport in subjects susceptible for GD.
  • Hult, Mari; Te Riele, Wouter; Fischer, Lars; Röstad, Signe; Orava, Kai; Heikkinen, Timo; Sandbu, Rune; Juuti, Anne; Bonn, Stephanie E. (2022)
    Purpose Understanding patients' reasons for having bariatric surgery and their expectation on surgery outcomes is important to provide the best clinical practice and reduce unrealistic expectations. It is unknown if reasons and expectations differ between countries. We aimed to investigate the reasons for seeking bariatric surgery and expectations of surgical outcomes among patients in five European countries. Methods In total, 250 women accepted for bariatric surgery were recruited: 50 women each from Finland, Germany, Norway, Sweden, and the Netherlands. Participants ranked 14 reasons for seeking surgery, and reported the three primary reasons. They also reported expectations on weight loss and impact of surgery vs. lifestyle on weight loss outcomes. Results Mean age and body mass index were 42.9 +/- 11.5 years and 45.1 +/- 6.2 kg/m(2), respectively. Weight loss and improved co-morbidity were ranked as the most important reasons. Participants expected to lose between 70.8 and 94.3% of their excessive weight. The expected impact of surgery as a driver of weight loss was higher in Germany and the Netherlands compared to in Finland, Norway, and Sweden where participants expected lifestyle changes to also have an impact. Conclusion Weight loss and improved co-morbidities were the main reasons for undergoing bariatric surgery. Expectations on weight loss were generally very high, but expectations of surgery vs. lifestyle as the main driver of weight loss differed between countries. While some patients understand the importance of lifestyle change and maintenance of a healthy lifestyle after surgery in order to obtain a successful weight loss, other may need additional counselling.