Browsing by Subject "achievement goal orientation"

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  • Polso, Kukka-Maaria; Tuominen, Heta; Hellas, Arto; Ihantola, Petri (ACM, 2020)
    It has been suggested that performance goals focused on appearing talented (appearance goals) and those focused on outperforming others (normative goals) have different consequences, for example, regarding performance. Accordingly, applying this distinction into appearance and normative goals alongside mastery goals, this study explores what kinds of achievement goal orientation profiles are identified among over 2000 students participating in an introductory programming MOOC. Using Two-Step cluster analysis, five distinct motivational profiles are identified. Course performance and demographics of students with different goal orientation profiles are mostly similar. Students with Combined Mastery and Performance Goals perform slightly better than students with Low Goals. The observations are largely in line with previous studies conducted in different contexts. The differentiation of appearance and normative performance goals seemed to yield meaningful motivational profiles, but further studies are needed to establish their relevance and investigate whether this information can be used to improve teaching.
  • Tuominen-Soini, Heta; Salmela-Aro, Katariina; Niemivirta, Markku (2010)
    Tässä tutkimuksessa tarkastellaan ajallista pysyvyyttä ja sukupuolieroja yhdeksäsluokkalaisten ja lukiolaisten tavoiteorientaatioissa. Kahdessa pitkittäistutkimuksessa hyödynnettiin henkilösuuntautunutta lähestymistapaa ja tutkittiin nuorten tavoiteorientaatioiden pysyvyyttä ja muutosta lukuvuoden sisällä (9. luokan aikana, N = 530) ja lukuvuosien välillä (siirryttäessä lukion 2. luokalta 3. luokalle, N = 519). Nuoret voitiin jakaa neljään ryhmään heidän motivationaalisen orientaationsa mukaan (sitoutumattomat, menestysorientoituneet, oppimisorientoituneet ja välttämisorientoituneet) ja samankaltaiset ryhmät löydettiin molemmista opiskelukonteksteista. Ryhmät olivat hyvin pysyviä sekä 9. luokalla että lukiossa. Yleisesti ottaen pojat korostivat tyttöjä enemmän suhteellista menestymistä, mutta pyrkivät samalla selviämään koulutöistä mahdollisimman vähällä. Tytöt sen sijaan näyttäytyivät poikia oppimishakuisempina ja he korostivat koulussa menestymistä. Sukupuolierot tavoiteorientaatioissa olivat johdonmukaiset, mutta pienet ja ne korostuivat lukiolaisten otoksessa enemmän kuin yhdeksäsluokkalaisten otoksessa. Suurin ero liittyi poikien tyttöjä voimakkaampaan välttämisorientaatioon.
  • Torpo, Hanna (Helsingin yliopisto, 2021)
    Aims. The purpose of this thesis was to examine what kind of achievement goal orientation groups can be found in the context of non-formal, job-related online learning, and how the discovered groups differ from each other in perceived costs of online learning and in assessment of work organization’s supportive learning culture. The study’s context offered a unique application to the goal orientation profile research, as the examined type of learning was non-formal learning, or more specifically, non-formal online learning related to work. This study contributes to building an understanding of motivational processes among people in working life and presents practical implications for the development of online learning practices and materials so that those would be more encouraging and supportive to a wider audience of learners. Methods. The research data was collected by an online questionnaire during January and February 2021. Altogether, 170 individuals from Europe and North America, working in different roles and fields, participated in the study. The participants were classified into goal orientation groups by utilizing a person-oriented approach and Two-Step cluster analysis. To examine in-between group differences, analyses of variance (ANOVA) were performed. Results and Conclusions. Four distinct goal orientation profiles were identified: learning-oriented, success-oriented, performance-avoidance-oriented, and avoidance-oriented. Learning-oriented differed from the other groups in perceived costs, as they assessed the online learning costs to be significantly lower. In organizational learning culture, avoidance-oriented evaluated their work organization to have a less supportive learning culture than the rest of the groups. After further examination of the study results, it was found that performance and avoidance goals seem to be connected to higher perceived online learning cost, while mastery goals seem to be related to an assessment of a more supportive organizational learning culture. Based on these findings, this study also presents practical implications in the latter part of the paper. All in all, the results indicate that understanding and knowledge of different motivational patterns is crucial for the development and expansion of non-formal, job-related online education.
  • Tuominen, Heta; Juntunen, Henriikka Mira Maria; Niemivirta, Markku (2020)
    Most studies utilizing a person-oriented approach to investigating students’ achievement goal orientation profiles have been domain-general or focused on a single domain (usually mathematics), thus excluding the possibility of identifying distinct subject-specific motivational profiles. In this study, we looked into this by examining upper secondary school students’ subject-specific achievement goal orientation profiles simultaneously in mathematics and English. As distinct profiles might contribute to how students invest time and effort in studying, we also examined differences in perceived subject-specific cost (i.e., effort required, emotional cost, opportunity cost) among students with different profiles, and how this was linked with students’ more general academic well-being (i.e., school engagement, burnout). The 434 Finnish general upper secondary school students participating in the study were classified based on their achievement goal orientations in the two subjects using latent profile analysis, and the predictions of the latent profile on distal outcomes (i.e., measures of cost and academic well-being) were examined within the mixture model. Five divergent achievement goal orientation profiles were identified: indifferent (29%), success-oriented (26%), mastery-oriented (25%), English-oriented, math-avoidant (14%), and avoidance-oriented (6%). The English-oriented, math-avoidant students showed the most distinct domain-specificity in their profile but, in general, profiles indicated more cross-domain generality than specificity. Overall, mastery-oriented students showed the most adaptive academic well-being, while avoidance-oriented students were the least engaged. Success-oriented students were characterised by high multiple goals in both subjects, elevated costs, and high scores on both positive (engagement) and negative (burnout) well-being indicators. The English-oriented, math-avoidant students perceived studying math as costly. The findings suggest that addressing students’ achievement motivation in different subjects may be useful for recognising factors endangering or fostering student learning and well-being.