Browsing by Subject "agroecological urbanism"

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  • Resler, Megan; Hagolani-Albov, Sophia (2021)
    Food sovereignty has emerged as a leading sense-making framework for the nascent conceptualization of an agroecological urbanism – a radically new paradigm for urbanization, grounded in political agroecology. At present, discourses like food democracy are often isolated from food sovereignty and agroecology in the urban context, potentially resulting in missed opportunities for creating holistic, inclusive, and scalable transformation in the urban food system. This study used data from existing municipal food policy in Seattle, U.S.A. and interviews with Seattle community gardeners to probe resident practices and policy recommendations in relation to the conceptual frameworks of food sovereignty and food democracy. The findings identify two key dimensions of food democracy as notably absent from the food sovereignty framework within this contextualized landscape, including mechanisms that enable vertical deliberation between food system stakeholders and opportunities for strengthened self and community efficacy – thus, exposing a potential gap in the ongoing development of an actionable agroecological urbanism. Working in tandem within the frame of agroecological urbanism, the food sovereignty and food democracy frameworks may support transition from unsustainable growth patterns and enable agroecological massification in an urban Global North context.
  • Resler, Megan (Helsingin yliopisto, 2018)
    Recent trends in urbanization have contributed to re-defining urban demand and rural supply across the global agricultural landscape. These dynamic interactions occur within both formal agricultural economies, as well as within informal networks of non-commodity exchange. This research identifies on-the-ground systems of non-commodity exchange practiced in urban agroecology, and explores the implications of these systems of exchange upon the demand for changes in the ways humans relate to food, and the governing structures determining their distribution. Framed by the exploration of urban agroecology as a science, practice and social movement, this research probes exchange pathways across two city-sponsored urban agriculture networks: The P-Patch Community Gardening Program in Seattle, United States and the Allotment Gardens of Helsinki, Finland. As both garden networks are embedded within each city’s respective development plan, these sites offer the distinct benefit of probing civic responsibility and active engagement within civic agriculture outside of the discourse of food production for self as a political act. I employ an interdisciplinary approach to this research methodology which draws from the disciplines of planning, human geography, sociology, and agroecology. Data was collected and analyzed utilizing qualitative methods including semi-structured interview and ethnographic photography. I argue that the identification of these non-commodity exchange systems, and the fragmented urban place-based knowledge pockets from which they emerged, can be utilized to derive principals useful in the design and management of sustainable urban agroecosystems.